Mybatis/Ibatis,数据库操作的返回值

该问题,我百度了下,根本没发现什么有价值的文章;还是看源代码(详见最后附录)中的注释,最有效了!
insert,返回值是:新插入行的主键(primary key);需要包含<selectKey>语句,才会返回主键,否则返回值为null。
update/delete,返回值是:更新或删除的行数;无需指明resultClass;但如果有约束异常而删除失败,只能去捕捉异常。
queryForObject,返回的是:一个实例对象或null;需要包含<select>语句,并且指明resultMap;
queryForList,返回的是:实例对象的列表;需要包含<select>语句,并且指明resultMap;

我的配置文件如下(desktop_common_sqlMap.xml):

	<typeAlias alias="UnlockTagInfo" type="com.desktop.common.bean.UnlockTagInfo" />
	<resultMap class="UnlockTagInfo" id="UnlockTagInfoResult">
		<result column="id" property="id" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
		<result column="name" property="name" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
		<result column="description" property="description" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
		<result column="priority" property="priority" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
	</resultMap>
	<insert id="insertUnlockTagInfo" parameterClass="map">
		<selectKey resultClass="int" keyProperty="id">
			select
			nextval('desktop_unlock_tag_id_seq') as id
		</selectKey>
		insert into
		desktop_unlock_tag(id,name,description,priority)
		values(#id:INTEGER#,#name:VARCHAR#,#description:VARCHAR#,#priority:INTEGER#)
	</insert>
	<update id="updateUnlockTagInfo" parameterClass="map">
		update
		desktop_unlock_tag
		set modify_time=now(),priority=#priority:INTEGER#,
		name=#name:VARCHAR#,description=#description:VARCHAR#
		where
		id=#id:INTEGER#
	</update>
	<delete id="deleteUnlockTagInfo" parameterClass="int">
		delete from
		desktop_unlock_tag
		where id=#value:INTEGER#
	</delete>
	<select id="countUnlockTagInfo" resultClass="int">
		select count(*)
		from
		desktop_unlock_tag
	</select>
	<sql id="selectUnlockTagInfo">
		select
		id,name,description,priority
		from
		desktop_unlock_tag
	</sql>
	<select id="findUnlockTagInfoById" parameterClass="int"
		resultMap="UnlockTagInfoResult">
		<include refid="selectUnlockTagInfo" />
		where id=#id:INTEGER#
	</select>
	<select id="listUnlockTagInfo" parameterClass="map"
		resultMap="UnlockTagInfoResult">
		<include refid="selectUnlockTagInfo" />
		order by
		modify_time desc limit #size:INTEGER#
		offset #start:INTEGER#
	</select>
我的DAO源码如下:
public class UnlockTagDaoImpl extends SqlMapClientDaoSupport implements
		UnlockTagDao {
	@Override
	public Integer addItem(String name, String desc, Integer priority) {
		SqlMapClientTemplate template = this.getSqlMapClientTemplate();
		Map<String, Object> args = new HashMap<String, Object>();
		args.put("name", name);
		args.put("description", desc);
		args.put("priority", priority);
		Object key = template.insert("DesktopCommon.insertUnlockTagInfo", args);
		return (Integer) key;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean updateItem(Integer id, String name, String description,
			Integer priority) {
		SqlMapClientTemplate template = this.getSqlMapClientTemplate();
		Map<String, Object> args = new HashMap<String, Object>();
		args.put("id", id);
		args.put("name", name);
		args.put("description", description);
		args.put("priority", priority);
		try {
			int c = template.update("DesktopCommon.updateUnlockTagInfo", args);
			if (c > 0) {
				return true;
			}
			return false;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			return false;
		}
	}

	@Override
	public boolean deleteItem(Integer id) {
		SqlMapClientTemplate template = this.getSqlMapClientTemplate();
		try {
			int c = template.delete("DesktopCommon.deleteUnlockTagInfo", id);
			if (c > 0) {
				return true;
			}
			return false;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			return false;
		}
	}

	@Override
	public UnlockTagInfo findItemById(Integer id) {
		SqlMapClientTemplate template = this.getSqlMapClientTemplate();
		UnlockTagInfo item = (UnlockTagInfo) template.queryForObject(
				"DesktopCommon.findUnlockTagInfoById", id);
		return item;
	}

	@Override
	public PagedList<UnlockTagInfo> listAll(Integer nStart, Integer nSize,
			boolean bCountTotal) {
		SqlMapClientTemplate template = this.getSqlMapClientTemplate();
		PagedList<UnlockTagInfo> result = new PagedList<UnlockTagInfo>();
		if (bCountTotal) {
			int total = (Integer) template
					.queryForObject("DesktopCommon.countUnlockTagInfo");
			result.setTotal(total);
		}
		Map<String, Integer> args = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
		args.put("start", nStart);
		args.put("size", nSize);
		@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
		List<UnlockTagInfo> items = template.queryForList(
				"DesktopCommon.listUnlockTagInfo", args);
		result.setData(items);
		return result;
	}
}

关于ibatis的接口,参见其源码(com\ibatis\sqlmap\client\SqlMapExecutor.java):

/*
 *  Copyright 2004 Clinton Begin
 *
 *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *  you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */
package com.ibatis.sqlmap.client;

import com.ibatis.common.util.PaginatedList;
import com.ibatis.sqlmap.client.event.RowHandler;
import com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.execution.BatchException;

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * This interface declares all methods involved with executing statements
 * and batches for an SQL Map.
 *
 * @see SqlMapSession
 * @see SqlMapClient
 */
public interface SqlMapExecutor {

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL INSERT statement.
   * Insert is a bit different from other update methods, as it
   * provides facilities for returning the primary key of the
   * newly inserted row (rather than the effected rows).  This
   * functionality is of course optional.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the INSERT values.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @return The primary key of the newly inserted row.  This might be automatically
   *         generated by the RDBMS, or selected from a sequence table or other source.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  Object insert(String id, Object parameterObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL INSERT statement.
   * Insert is a bit different from other update methods, as it
   * provides facilities for returning the primary key of the
   * newly inserted row (rather than the effected rows).  This
   * functionality is of course optional.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @return The primary key of the newly inserted row.  This might be automatically
   *         generated by the RDBMS, or selected from a sequence table or other source.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  Object insert(String id) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL UPDATE statement.
   * Update can also be used for any other update statement type,
   * such as inserts and deletes.  Update returns the number of
   * rows effected.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the UPDATE values as well as the WHERE clause parameter(s).
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @return The number of rows effected.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  int update(String id, Object parameterObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL UPDATE statement.
   * Update can also be used for any other update statement type,
   * such as inserts and deletes.  Update returns the number of
   * rows effected.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @return The number of rows effected.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  int update(String id) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL DELETE statement.
   * Delete returns the number of rows effected.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the DELETE statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @return The number of rows effected.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  int delete(String id, Object parameterObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL DELETE statement.
   * Delete returns the number of rows effected.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @return The number of rows effected.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  int delete(String id) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a single object instance.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @return The single result object populated with the result set data,
   *         or null if no result was found
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If more than one result was found, or if any other error occurs.
   */
  Object queryForObject(String id, Object parameterObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a single object instance.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @return The single result object populated with the result set data,
   *         or null if no result was found
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If more than one result was found, or if any other error occurs.
   */
  Object queryForObject(String id) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * the supplied result object.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param resultObject    The result object instance that should be populated with result data.
   * @return The single result object as supplied by the resultObject parameter, populated with the result set data,
   *         or null if no result was found
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If more than one result was found, or if any other error occurs.
   */
  Object queryForObject(String id, Object parameterObject, Object resultObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @return A List of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  List queryForList(String id, Object parameterObject) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @return A List of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  List queryForList(String id) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects within a certain range.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param skip            The number of results to ignore.
   * @param max             The maximum number of results to return.
   * @return A List of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  List queryForList(String id, Object parameterObject, int skip, int max) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects within a certain range.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param skip            The number of results to ignore.
   * @param max             The maximum number of results to return.
   * @return A List of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  List queryForList(String id, int skip, int max) throws SQLException;
  
  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns a number of
   * result objects that will be handled one at a time by a
   * RowHandler.
   * <p/>
   * This is generally a good approach to take when dealing with large sets
   * of records (i.e. hundreds, thousands...) that need to be processed without
   * eating up all of the system resources.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param rowHandler      A RowHandler instance
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  void queryWithRowHandler(String id, Object parameterObject, RowHandler rowHandler) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns a number of
   * result objects that will be handled one at a time by a
   * RowHandler.
   * <p/>
   * This is generally a good approach to take when dealing with large sets
   * of records (i.e. hundreds, thousands...) that need to be processed without
   * eating up all of the system resources.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param rowHandler      A RowHandler instance
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  void queryWithRowHandler(String id, RowHandler rowHandler) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects a page at a time.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param pageSize        The maximum number of result objects each page can hold.
   * @return A PaginatedList of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   * @deprecated All paginated list features have been deprecated
   */
  PaginatedList queryForPaginatedList(String id, Object parameterObject, int pageSize) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects a page at a time.
   * <p/>
   * This overload assumes no parameter is needed.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param pageSize        The maximum number of result objects each page can hold.
   * @return A PaginatedList of result objects.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   * @deprecated All paginated list features have been deprecated
   */
  PaginatedList queryForPaginatedList(String id, int pageSize) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects that will be keyed into a Map.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param keyProp         The property to be used as the key in the Map.
   * @return A Map keyed by keyProp with values being the result object instance.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  Map queryForMap(String id, Object parameterObject, String keyProp) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes a mapped SQL SELECT statement that returns data to populate
   * a number of result objects from which one property will be keyed into a Map.
   * <p/>
   * The parameter object is generally used to supply the input
   * data for the WHERE clause parameter(s) of the SELECT statement.
   *
   * @param id              The name of the statement to execute.
   * @param parameterObject The parameter object (e.g. JavaBean, Map, XML etc.).
   * @param keyProp         The property to be used as the key in the Map.
   * @param valueProp       The property to be used as the value in the Map.
   * @return A Map keyed by keyProp with values of valueProp.
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If an error occurs.
   */
  Map queryForMap(String id, Object parameterObject, String keyProp, String valueProp) throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Starts a batch in which update statements will be cached before being sent to
   * the database all at once. This can improve overall performance of updates update
   * when dealing with numerous updates (e.g. inserting 1:M related data).
   *
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If the batch could not be started.
   */
  void startBatch() throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes (flushes) all statements currently batched.
   *
   * @return the number of rows updated in the batch
   * @throws java.sql.SQLException If the batch could not be executed or if any of the statements
   *                               fails.
   */
  int executeBatch() throws SQLException;

  /**
   * Executes (flushes) all statements currently batched.
   *
   * @return a List of BatchResult objects.  There will be one element in the
   *  list for each sub-batch executed.  A sub-batch is created by adding a statement
   *  to the batch that does not equal the prior statement. 
   * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs, or the drive
   *   does not support batch statements
   * @throws BatchException if the driver throws BatchUpdateException
   * @see com.ibatis.sqlmap.engine.execution.BatchException
   */
  List executeBatchDetailed() throws SQLException, BatchException;
}


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