非正规打法搞定C#动态生成 Word图表 (MSGraph)

新工作,新环境,很任务 最近刚换份工作,找了个小程序员当,想踏实的学几年技术,一进来,BOSS就给出了个难题,

---用C# 动态生成含有报表图表的word文件.

刚开始,觉得没什么难的,不就是一个图表吗? 原来也做过基于模板的Excel报表,应该没问题..

从网上先找一个范例研究一下....

给果,大失所望,在网上只找到了一个如下的所谓"范例":

 

object oMissing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
    object oEndOfDoc = "//endofdoc"; /* /endofdoc is a predefined bookmark */

    //Start Word and create a new document.
    Word._Application oWord;
    Word._Document oDoc;
    oWord = new Word.Application();
    oWord.Visible = true;
    oDoc = oWord.Documents.Add(ref oMissing, ref oMissing,
        ref oMissing, ref oMissing);

    //Insert a paragraph at the beginning of the document.
    Word.Paragraph oPara1;
    oPara1 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oMissing);
    oPara1.Range.Text = "Heading 1";
    oPara1.Range.Font.Bold = 1;
    oPara1.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;    //24 pt spacing after paragraph.
    oPara1.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

    //Insert a paragraph at the end of the document.
    Word.Paragraph oPara2;
    object oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oPara2 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add (ref oRng);
    oPara2.Range.Text = "Heading 2";
    oPara2.Format.SpaceAfter = 6;
    oPara2.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

    //Insert another paragraph.
    Word.Paragraph oPara3;
    oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oPara3 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oRng);
    oPara3.Range.Text = "This is a sentence of normal text. Now here is a table:";
    oPara3.Range.Font.Bold = 0;
    oPara3.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;
    oPara3.Range.InsertParagraphAfter();

    //Insert a 3 x 5 table, fill it with data, and make the first row
    //bold and italic.
    Word.Table oTable;
     Word.Range wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(wrdRng, 3, 5, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);
    oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
    int r, c;
    string strText;
    for(r = 1; r <= 3; r++)
        for(c = 1; c <= 5; c++)
        {
            strText = "r" + r + "c" + c;
            oTable.Cell(r, c).Range.Text = strText;
        }
    oTable.Rows[1].Range.Font.Bold = 1;
    oTable.Rows[1].Range.Font.Italic = 1;

    //Add some text after the table.
    Word.Paragraph oPara4;
    oRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oPara4 = oDoc.Content.Paragraphs.Add(ref oRng);
    oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphBefore();
    oPara4.Range.Text = "And here's another table:";
    oPara4.Format.SpaceAfter = 24;
    oPara4.Range.InsertParagraphAfter ();

    //Insert a 5 x 2 table, fill it with data, and change the column widths.
    wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oTable = oDoc.Tables.Add(wrdRng, 5, 2, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);
    oTable.Range.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
    for(r = 1; r <= 5; r++)
        for(c = 1; c <= 2; c++)
        {
            strText = "r" + r + "c" + c;
            oTable.Cell (r, c).Range.Text = strText;
        }
    oTable.Columns[1].Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(2); //Change width of columns 1 & 2
    oTable.Columns[2].Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(3);

    //Keep inserting text. When you get to 7 inches from top of the
    //document, insert a hard page break.
    object oPos;
    double dPos = oWord.InchesToPoints(7);
    oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range.InsertParagraphAfter();
    do
    {
        wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
        wrdRng.ParagraphFormat.SpaceAfter = 6;
        wrdRng.InsertAfter("A line of text");
        wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();
        oPos = wrdRng.get_Information
                       (Word.WdInformation.wdVerticalPositionRelativeToPage);
    }
    while(dPos >= Convert.ToDouble(oPos));
    object oCollapseEnd = Word.WdCollapseDirection.wdCollapseEnd;
    object oPageBreak = Word.WdBreakType.wdPageBreak;
    wrdRng.Collapse(ref oCollapseEnd);
    wrdRng.InsertBreak(ref oPageBreak);
    wrdRng.Collapse(ref oCollapseEnd);
    wrdRng.InsertAfter("We're now on page 2. Here's my chart:");
    wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();

    //Insert a chart.
    Word.InlineShape oShape;
    object oClassType = "MSGraph.Chart.8";
    wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    oShape = wrdRng.InlineShapes.AddOLEObject(ref oClassType, ref oMissing,
        ref oMissing, ref oMissing, ref oMissing,
        ref oMissing, ref oMissing, ref oMissing);

    //Demonstrate use of late bound oChart and oChartApp objects to
    //manipulate the chart object with MSGraph.
    object oChart;
    object oChartApp;
    oChart = oShape.OLEFormat.Object;
    oChartApp = oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("Application",
         BindingFlags.GetProperty, null, oChart, null);

    //Change the chart type to Line.
    object[] Parameters = new Object[1];
    Parameters[0] = 4; //xlLine = 4
    oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("ChartType", BindingFlags.SetProperty,
        null, oChart, Parameters);

    //Update the chart image and quit MSGraph.
    oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Update",
        BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
    oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Quit",
        BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
    //... If desired, you can proceed from here using the Microsoft Graph
    //Object model on the oChart and oChartApp objects to make additional
    //changes to the chart.

    //Set the width of the chart.
    oShape.Width = oWord.InchesToPoints(6.25f);
    oShape.Height = oWord.InchesToPoints(3.57f);

    //Add text after the chart.
    wrdRng = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref oEndOfDoc).Range;
    wrdRng.InsertParagraphAfter();
    wrdRng.InsertAfter("THE END.");

    //Close this form.
    this.Close();

对着代码研究一下,无法就是新建文字段之类的,而看到我最关注的报表时,大失所望,只有这么可怜的一段..

//Demonstrate use of late bound oChart and oChartApp objects to
    //manipulate the chart object with MSGraph.
    object oChart;
    object oChartApp;
    oChart = oShape.OLEFormat.Object;
    oChartApp = oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("Application",
         BindingFlags.GetProperty, null, oChart, null);

    //Change the chart type to Line.
    object[] Parameters = new Object[1];
    Parameters[0] = 4; //xlLine = 4
    oChart.GetType().InvokeMember("ChartType", BindingFlags.SetProperty,
        null, oChart, Parameters);

    //Update the chart image and quit MSGraph.
    oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Update",
        BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
    oChartApp.GetType().InvokeMember("Quit",
        BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, oChartApp, null);
    //... If desired, you can proceed from here using the Microsoft Graph
    //Object model on the oChart and oChartApp objects to make additional
    //changes to the chart.

MSGraph是什么? 怎么动态设定数据? 上述可怜的代码中都没有提,最郁闷的是,所有调用都以InvokMember实现,

这意味着如果看不到真正的说明,跟本无法知道调用的接口是什么....

上网去找MSGraph.Chart.8

还是一无所获......

头一次遇到这种问题,感觉头都胀了....

静下心来想一下,没办法,想办法找这个动态连接库吧..

先全C盘找MSGraph.Dll  一无所获,后来在调试时,发现在生成图表时,会有一个Graph的进程,去搜它,结果在office安装目录 office11下找到了. 将这个程序加到引用中,用对像浏览器浏览...结果..

呵呵 ,看到了下面的东东

 哈哈,应该就是这个了.试探了几个函数,果然没错.

下一步,就是设计一个Word文档模板,进行测试了.

先新建一个word文件,插入一个图表,之后给这个图表设置好书签,保存为模板Report(如果这些你不明白,建议先去学一下word...)

这回,再在程序里做如下测试:

 object oMissing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            object oEndOfDoc = "//endofdoc"; /* /endofdoc is a predefined bookmark */
            object remarkOverTable = "OverTable";

            //Start Word and create a new document.
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word._Application oWord;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word._Document oDoc;
            oWord = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Application();
            oWord.Visible = true ;
            object  Template = "Report.dot";
            oDoc = oWord.Documents.Add(ref Template, ref oMissing,
                ref oMissing, ref oMissing);

            //得到书签
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word.Range TestRemark = oDoc.Bookmarks.get_Item(ref remarkOverTable).Range;


            TestRemark.InlineShapes[0].OLEFormat.Open();// 打开OLE对像,注意这一步一定要有
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Graph.Chart _testChart = 
                (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Graph.Chart)(TestRemark.InlineShapes[0].OLEFormat.Object);
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Graph.Application _testApp =
                _testChart.Application;
            object[] Values = new object[] { "91%", "92%", "93%", "94%", "95%" };
            for (int i = 0, j = System.Convert.ToInt32('A'); i < Values.Length; i++)
            {
                //这里的行列式为循环下来填写的是A2,B2,C2,D2.... OK?
                _testChart.Application.DataSheet.Cells.set_Item(2, System.Convert.ToString(
                    (char)( j+ i)),
                    Values[0]);
            }
            _testApp.Quit();
           

大功告成,哈哈

写的有点乱,但是有如下建议:

1.对像浏览器是一个很好用的东西,在一些情况下,用其去看未知DLL的接口,不失为一种好选择.

2.在调试过程中,"监视"窗体其实是一个很用的对外接口,对于刚得到接口的DLL,在不知道具体函数,类型的功能时,可以在程序声明,实例化对像后设置断点,在监视窗体中试验性的执行各种函数,以了解其功能.

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