XML中输入特殊符号

在 XML 中有 5 个预定义的实体引用:

&lt; < 小于
&gt; > 大于
&amp; & 和号
&apos; ' 省略号
&quot; " 引号

注释:严格地讲,在 XML 中仅有字符 "<"和"&" 是非法的。省略号、引号和大于号是合法的,但是把它们替换为实体引用是个好的习惯。

如果在url中碰到特殊,比如&int;&prod; 无法转义了,请修改参数名字。

html中的特殊字符参照表:

转自地址: http://www.sjyhome.com/html/html-special-characters.html


特殊符号 命名实体 十进制编码 特殊符号 命名实体 十进制编码
    &#32; !   &#33;
" &quot; &#34; #   &#35;
$   &#36; %   &#37;
& &amp; &#38; '   &#39;
(   &#40; )   &#41;
*   &#42; +   &#43;
,   &#44; -   &#45;
.   &#46; /   &#47;
0   &#48; 1   &#49;
2   &#50; 3   &#51;
4   &#52; 5   &#53;
6   &#54; 7   &#55;
8   &#56; 9   &#57;
:   &#58; ;   &#59;
< &lt; &#60; =   &#61;
> &gt; &#62; ?   &#63;
@   &#64; A   &#65;
B   &#66; C   &#67;
D   &#68; E   &#69;
F   &#70; G   &#71;
H   &#72; I   &#73;
J   &#74; K   &#75;
L   &#76; M   &#77;
N   &#78; O   &#79;
P   &#80; Q   &#81;
R   &#82; S   &#83;
T   &#84; U   &#85;
V   &#86; W   &#87;
X   &#88; Y   &#89;
Z   &#90; [   &#91;
\   &#92; ]   &#93;
^   &#94; _   &#95;
`   &#96; a   &#97;
b   &#98; c   &#99;
d   &#100; e   &#101;
f   &#102; g   &#103;
h   &#104; i   &#105;
j   &#106; k   &#107;
l   &#108; m   &#109;
n   &#110; o   &#111;
p   &#112; q   &#113;
r   &#114; s   &#115;
t   &#116; u   &#117;
v   &#118; w   &#119;
x   &#120; y   &#121;
z   &#122; {   &#123;
|   &#124; }   &#125;
~   &#126;    &#127;
  &#128;    &#129;
  &#130; ƒ   &#131;
  &#132;   &#133;
  &#134;   &#135;
ˆ   &#136;   &#137;
Š   &#138;   &#139;
Œ   &#140;    &#141;
Ž   &#142;    &#143;
   &#144;   &#145;
  &#146;   &#147;
  &#148;   &#149;
  &#150;   &#151;
˜   &#152;   &#153;
š   &#154;   &#155;
œ   &#156;    &#157;
ž   &#158; Ÿ   &#159;
  &nbsp; &#160; ¡ &iexcl; &#161;
¢ &cent; &#162; £ &pound; &#163;
¤ &curren; &#164; ¥ &yen; &#165;
¦ &brvbar; &#166; § &sect; &#167;
¨ &uml; &#168; © &copy; &#169;
ª &ordf; &#170; « &laquo; &#171;
¬ &not; &#172; ­ &shy; &#173;
® &reg; &#174; ¯ &macr; &#175;
° &deg; &#176; ± &plusmn; &#177;
² &sup2; &#178; ³ &sup3; &#179;
´ &acute; &#180; µ &micro; &#181;
&para; &#182; · &middot; &#183;
¸ &cedil; &#184; ¹ &sup1; &#185;
º &ordm; &#186; » &raquo; &#187;
¼ &frac14; &#188; ½ &frac12; &#189;
¾ &frac34; &#190; ¿ &iquest; &#191;
À &Agrave; &#192; Á &Aacute; &#193;
 &Acirc; &#194; à &Atilde; &#195;
Ä &Auml; &#196; Å &Aring; &#197;
Æ &AElig; &#198; Ç &Ccedil; &#199;
È &Egrave; &#200; É &Eacute; &#201;
Ê &Ecirc; &#202; Ë &Euml; &#203;
Ì &Igrave; &#204; Í &Iacute; &#205;
Î &Icirc; &#206; Ï &Iuml; &#207;
Ð &ETH; &#208; Ñ &Ntilde; &#209;
Ò &Ograve; &#210; Ó &Oacute; &#211;
Ô &Ocirc; &#212; Õ &Otilde; &#213;
Ö &Ouml; &#214; × &times; &#215;
Ø &Oslash; &#216; Ù &Ugrave; &#217;
Ú &Uacute; &#218; Û &Ucirc; &#219;
Ü &Uuml; &#220; Ý &Yacute; &#221;
Þ &THORN; &#222; ß &szlig; &#223;
à &agrave; &#224; á &aacute; &#225;
â &acirc; &#226; ã &atilde; &#227;
ä &auml; &#228; å &aring; &#229;
æ &aelig; &#230; ç &ccedil; &#231;
è &egrave; &#232; é &eacute; &#233;
ê &ecirc; &#234; ë &euml; &#235;
ì &igrave; &#236; í &iacute; &#237;
î &icirc; &#238; ï &iuml; &#239;
ð &eth; &#240; ñ &ntilde; &#241;
ò &ograve; &#242; ó &oacute; &#243;
ô &ocirc; &#244; õ &otilde; &#245;
ö &ouml; &#246; ÷ &divide; &#247;
ø &oslash; &#248; ù &ugrave; &#249;
ú &uacute; &#250; û &ucirc; &#251;
ü &uuml; &#252; ý &yacute; &#253;
þ &thorn; &#254; ÿ &yuml; &#255;
Œ &OElig; &#338; œ &oelig; &#339;
Š &Scaron; &#352; š &scaron; &#353;
Ÿ &Yuml; &#376; ƒ &fnof; &#402;
ˆ &circ; &#710; ˜ &tilde; &#732;
Α &Alpha; &#913; Β &Beta; &#914;
Γ &Gamma; &#915; Δ &Delta; &#916;
Ε &Epsilon; &#917; Ζ &Zeta; &#918;
Η &Eta; &#919; Θ &Theta; &#920;
Ι &Iota; &#921; Κ &Kappa; &#922;
Λ &Lambda; &#923; Μ &Mu; &#924;
Ν &Nu; &#925; Ξ &Xi; &#926;
Ο &Omicron; &#927; Π &Pi; &#928;
Ρ &Rho; &#929; Σ &Sigma; &#931;
Τ &Tau; &#932; Υ &Upsilon; &#933;
Φ &Phi; &#934; Χ &Chi; &#935;
Ψ &Psi; &#936; Ω &Omega; &#937;
α &alpha; &#945; β &beta; &#946;
γ &gamma; &#947; δ &delta; &#948;
ε &epsilon; &#949; ζ &zeta; &#950;
η &eta; &#951; θ &theta; &#952;
ι &iota; &#953; κ &kappa; &#954;
λ &lambda; &#955; μ &mu; &#956;
ν &nu; &#957; ξ &xi; &#958;
ο &omicron; &#959; π &pi; &#960;
ρ &rho; &#961; ς &sigmaf; &#962;
σ &sigma; &#963; τ &tau; &#964;
υ &upsilon; &#965; φ &phi; &#966;
χ &chi; &#967; ψ &psi; &#968;
ω &omega; &#969; ϑ &thetasym; &#977;
ϒ &upsih; &#978; ϖ &piv; &#982;
  &ensp; &#8194;   &emsp; &#8195;
  &thinsp; &#8201; &zwnj; &#8204;
&zwj; &#8205; &lrm; &#8206;
&rlm; &#8207; &ndash; &#8211;
&mdash; &#8212; &lsquo; &#8216;
&rsquo; &#8217; &sbquo; &#8218;
&ldquo; &#8220; &rdquo; &#8221;
&bdquo; &#8222; &dagger; &#8224;
&Dagger; &#8225; &bull; &#8226;
&hellip; &#8230; &permil; &#8240;
&prime; &#8242; &Prime; &#8243;
&lsaquo; &#8249; &rsaquo; &#8250;
&oline; &#8254; &frasl; &#8260;
  &#8364;   &#8369;
  &#8377;   &#8451;
  &#8453;   &#8457;
&image; &#8465;   &#8470;
  &#8471; &weierp; &#8472;
&real; &#8476;   &#8478;
  &#8480; &trade; &#8482;
&alefsym; &#8501;   &#8531;
  &#8532;   &#8539;
  &#8540;   &#8541;
&larr; &#8592; &uarr; &#8593;
&rarr; &#8594; &darr; &#8595;
&harr; &#8596;   &#8597;
  &#8602;   &#8603;
  &#8606;   &#8607;
  &#8608;   &#8609;
  &#8610;   &#8611;
  &#8619;      
  &#8620;   &#8621;
  &#8622;   &#8623;
&crarr; &#8629;   &#8644;
  &#8630;   &#8631;
  &#8634;   &#8635;
  &#8645; &lArr; &#8656;
&uArr; &#8657; &rArr; &#8658;
&dArr; &#8659; &hArr; &#8660;
  &#8668;   &#8669;
  &#8670;   &#8671;
  &#8672;   &#8673;
  &#8674;   &#8675;
  &#8678;   &#8679;
  &#8680;   &#8681;
  &#8693;      
&forall; &#8704; &part; &#8706;
&exist; &#8707; &empty; &#8709;
&nabla; &#8711; &isin; &#8712;
&notin; &#8713; &ni; &#8715;
&prod; &#8719; &sum; &#8722;
&minus; &#8722; &lowast; &#8727;
&radic; &#8730; &prop; &#8733;
&infin; &#8734; &ang; &#8736;
  &#8764;   &#8800;
&and; &#8869; &or; &#8870;
&cap; &#8745; &cup; &#8746;
&int; &#8747; &there4; &#8756;
&sim; &#8764; &cong; &#8773;
&asymp; &#8773; &ne; &#8800;
&equiv; &#8801; &le; &#8804;
&ge; &#8805; &sub; &#8834;
&sup; &#8835; &nsub; &#8836;
&sube; &#8838; &supe; &#8839;
&oplus; &#8853; &otimes; &#8855;
&perp; &#8869; &sdot; &#8901;
&lceil; &#8968; &rceil; &#8969;
&lfloor; &#8970; &rfloor; &#8971;
&loz; &#9674; &spades; &#9824;
&clubs; &#9827; &hearts; &#9829;

特殊符号 命名实体 十进制编码 特殊符号 命名实体 十进制编码
  &#9635;   &#9650;
  &#9658;   &#9660;
  &#9668;   &#9670;
  &#9672;   &#9702;
  &#9728;   &#9729;
  &#9730;   &#9731;
  &#9732;   &#9733;
  &#9734;   &#9742;
  &#9743;   &#9744;
  &#9745;   &#9746;
  &#9756;   &#9757;
  &#9758;   &#9759;
  &#9760;   &#9762;
  &#9763;   &#9764;
  &#9765;   &#9768;
  &#9769;   &#9770;
  &#9774;   &#9775;
  &#9784;   &#9785;
  &#9786;   &#9787;
  &#9789;   &#9790;
  &#9791;   &#9792;
  &#9793;   &#9794;
  &#9795;   &#9796;
  &#9797;   &#9798;
  &#9799; &#;   &#;
  &#9800;   &#9801;
  &#9802;   &#9803;
  &#9804;   &#9805;
  &#9806;   &#9807;
  &#9809;   &#9810;
  &#9811;   &#9812;
  &#9813;   &#9814;
  &#9815;   &#9816;
  &#9817;   &#9818;
  &#9819;   &#9820;
  &#9821;   &#9822;
  &#9823;   &#9825;
  &#9826;   &#9828;
  &#9830;   &#9831;
  &#9833;   &#9834;
  &#9835;   &#9836;
  &#9837;   &#9839;
  &#9888;   &#9986;
  &#9988;   &#9990;
  &#9992;   &#9993;
  &#9996;   &#9997;
  &#9998;   &#9999;
  &#10000;   &#10001;
  &#10002;   &#10003;
  &#10004;   &#10005;
  &#10006;   &#10007;
  &#10008;   &#10009;
  &#10010;   &#10011;
  &#10013;   &#10014;
  &#10015;   &#10016;
  &#10017;   &#10018;
  &#10019;   &#10020;
  &#10019;   &#10020;
  &#10021;   &#10022;
  &#10026;   &#10029;
  &#10030;   &#10031;
  &#10033;   &#10034;
  &#10035;   &#10036;
  &#10037;   &#10038;
  &#10040;   &#10041;
  &#10042;   &#10043;
  &#10045;   &#10047;
  &#10048;   &#10049;
  &#10050;   &#10052;
  &#10053;   &#10054;
  &#10056;   &#10059;
  &#10084;   &#10086;
  &#10132;   &#10137;
  &#10140;   &#10142;
  &#10143;   &#10144;
  &#10148;   &#10149;
  &#10150;   &#10151;
  &#10152;   &#10162;
  &#10163;   &#10165;
  &#10168;   &#10170;
  &#10172;   &#10173;
  &#10174;   &#10224;
  &#10225;   &#10226;
  &#10227;      
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