windows API 实现截图

参考:http://bbs.csdn.net/topics/330154355

#include "stdio.h"
#include "windows.h"
/************************************************************************/
/* hBitmap    为刚才的屏幕位图句柄                                                                   
/* lpFileName 为需要保存的位图文件名
/************************************************************************/
int SaveBitmapToFile(HBITMAP hBitmap,LPSTR lpFileName) 
{         
    HDC            hDC; //设备描述表
    int            iBits;//当前显示分辨率下每个像素所占字节数
    WORD           wBitCount;//位图中每个像素所占字节数    
    DWORD          dwPaletteSize=0;//定义调色板大小
    DWORD          dwBmBitsSize;//位图中像素字节大小
    DWORD          dwDIBSize;// 位图文件大小
    DWORD          dwWritten;//写入文件字节数
    BITMAP         Bitmap;//位图结构
    BITMAPFILEHEADER   bmfHdr;   //位图属性结构   
    BITMAPINFOHEADER   bi;       //位图文件头结构
    LPBITMAPINFOHEADER lpbi;     //位图信息头结构     指向位图信息头结构
    HANDLE          fh;//定义文件句柄
    HANDLE            hDib;//分配内存句柄
    HANDLE            hPal;//分配内存句柄
    HANDLE          hOldPal=NULL;//调色板句柄  
     
    //计算位图文件每个像素所占字节数   
    hDC = CreateDC("DISPLAY",NULL,NULL,NULL);   
    iBits = GetDeviceCaps(hDC, BITSPIXEL) * GetDeviceCaps(hDC, PLANES);   
    DeleteDC(hDC);
     
    if (iBits <= 1)       
        wBitCount = 1;   
    else if (iBits <= 4)       
        wBitCount = 4;   
    else if (iBits <= 8)       
        wBitCount = 8;   
    else if (iBits <= 24)
        wBitCount = 24;
    else if (iBits<=32)
        wBitCount = 24;
     
     
    //计算调色板大小   
    if (wBitCount <= 8)       
        dwPaletteSize = (1 << wBitCount) *sizeof(RGBQUAD);
     
     
     
    //设置位图信息头结构   
    GetObject(hBitmap, sizeof(BITMAP), (LPSTR)&Bitmap);   
    bi.biSize            = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);   
    bi.biWidth           = Bitmap.bmWidth;   
    bi.biHeight          = Bitmap.bmHeight;   
    bi.biPlanes          = 1;   
    bi.biBitCount         = wBitCount;       
    bi.biCompression      = BI_RGB;   
    bi.biSizeImage        = 0;   
    bi.biXPelsPerMeter     = 0;   
    bi.biYPelsPerMeter     = 0;   
    bi.biClrUsed         = 0;   
    bi.biClrImportant      = 0;   
    dwBmBitsSize = ((Bitmap.bmWidth *wBitCount+31)/32)* 4*Bitmap.bmHeight ;
     
    //为位图内容分配内存   
    hDib  = GlobalAlloc(GHND,dwBmBitsSize+dwPaletteSize+sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER));   
    lpbi = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER)GlobalLock(hDib);
    if (lpbi==NULL)
    {
        return 0;
    }
     
    *lpbi = bi;   
    // 处理调色板
    hPal = GetStockObject(DEFAULT_PALETTE);   
    if (hPal)
    {       
        hDC  = GetDC(NULL);       
        hOldPal = ::SelectPalette(hDC, (HPALETTE)hPal, FALSE);       
        RealizePalette(hDC);       
    }   
    // 获取该调色板下新的像素值   
    GetDIBits(hDC, hBitmap, 0, (UINT) Bitmap.bmHeight,       
        (LPSTR)lpbi + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)+dwPaletteSize,
        (LPBITMAPINFO)lpbi, DIB_RGB_COLORS);   
    //恢复调色板      
    if (hOldPal)       
    {       
        SelectPalette(hDC, (HPALETTE)hOldPal, TRUE);       
        RealizePalette(hDC);       
        ReleaseDC(NULL, hDC);       
    }   
    //创建位图文件       
    fh = CreateFile(lpFileName, GENERIC_WRITE,        
        0, NULL, CREATE_ALWAYS,       
        FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL | FILE_FLAG_SEQUENTIAL_SCAN, NULL);   
 
    if (fh == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)       
        return FALSE;
     
    // 设置位图文件头   
    bmfHdr.bfType = 0x4D42;  // "BM"   
    dwDIBSize    = sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)+ dwPaletteSize + dwBmBitsSize;     
    bmfHdr.bfSize = dwDIBSize;   
    bmfHdr.bfReserved1 = 0;   
    bmfHdr.bfReserved2 = 0;   
    bmfHdr.bfOffBits = (DWORD)sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + (DWORD)sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)+ dwPaletteSize;
     
    // 写入位图文件头   
    WriteFile(fh, (LPSTR)&bmfHdr, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER), &dwWritten, NULL);
     
    // 写入位图文件其余内容   
    WriteFile(fh, (LPSTR)lpbi, dwDIBSize, &dwWritten, NULL);
     
    //清除      
    GlobalUnlock(hDib);   
    GlobalFree(hDib);   
    CloseHandle(fh);
     
    return 1;
}
 
HBITMAP   GetCaptureBmp()   
{
    HDC     hDC;   
    HDC     MemDC;   
    BYTE*   Data;   
    HBITMAP   hBmp;   
    BITMAPINFO   bi;   
     
    memset(&bi,   0,   sizeof(bi));   
    bi.bmiHeader.biSize   =   sizeof(BITMAPINFO);
    bi.bmiHeader.biWidth   =  GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN);   
    bi.bmiHeader.biHeight   = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN);   
    bi.bmiHeader.biPlanes   =   1;   
    bi.bmiHeader.biBitCount   =   24;   
     
    hDC   =   GetDC(NULL);   
    MemDC   =   CreateCompatibleDC(hDC);   
    hBmp   =   CreateDIBSection(MemDC,   &bi, DIB_RGB_COLORS,   (void**)&Data,   NULL,   0);   
    SelectObject(MemDC,   hBmp);   
    BitBlt(MemDC,   0,   0,   bi.bmiHeader.biWidth,   bi.bmiHeader.biHeight,hDC,   0,   0,   SRCCOPY);   
    ReleaseDC(NULL,   hDC);     
    DeleteDC(MemDC);   
    return   hBmp;   
}   
 
 
void main()
{
    HBITMAP   hBmp;    
    hBmp   =   GetCaptureBmp(); 
    SaveBitmapToFile(hBmp,"c:\\11.bmp");   
}


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