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一个使用了 osip 和 eXosip 库的 UAC 代理客户端的演示程序

———– UAC 代理客户端的代码整理 —————

/**
* 一个使用了 osip 和 eXosip 库的 UAC 代理客户端的演示程序
*
* - 只是简单的演示了使用了 osip 和 eXosip2 库的 UAC 代理客户端的如下几个功能:
* * i 发起呼叫 INVITE 请求
* * h 挂断会话
* * s 执行方法 INFO
* * m 执行方法 MESSAGE


*
* 编 译:g++ -I/usr/local/include -L/usr/local/lib ua_client.cpp -o ua_client -leXosip2 -losip2 -losipparser2 -lpthread
*
*/
#include <osip2/osip_mt.h>
#include <eXosip2/eXosip.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    eXosip_event_t *je;
    osip_message_t *reg = NULL;
    osip_message_t *invite = NULL;
    osip_message_t *ack = NULL;
    osip_message_t *info = NULL;
    osip_message_t *message = NULL;
int call_id, dialog_id;
int i,flag;
int flag1 = 1;
int id;
string strIdentity = "sip:136@133.37.55.136";
string strRegisterer = "sip:133.37.55.136:5060"; // server ip
string strSrcCall = "sip:136@133.37.55.136";
string strDestCall = "sip:136@133.37.55.136:5060"; // server ip
char command;
char tmp[4096];
char localip[128];
string strHelp = string("\n\t--> 命令字符 功能描述 <--\n\n")
+ "\t\tr 向服务器注册\n"
+ "\t\tc 取消注册\n"
+ "\t\ti 发起呼叫请求\n"
+ "\t\th 挂断\n"
+ "\t\tq 退出程序\n"
+ "\t\ts 执行方法 INFO\n"
+ "\t\tm 执行方法 MESSAGE\n"
+ "\t\te 帮助\n\n";
cout << strHelp;
string strMsg;
    i = eXosip_init ();
if (i != 0)
{
cout << "\t--> Couldn't initialize eXosip! <--\n";
return -1;
}
else
{
cout << "\t--> eXosip_init successfully! <-- \n\n";
}
    i = eXosip_listen_addr (IPPROTO_UDP, NULL, 5061, AF_INET, 0);
if (i != 0)
{
        eXosip_quit ();
cerr << "\n\t--> Couldn't initialize transport layer! <-- \n\n";
return -1;
}
    flag = 1;
while (flag)
{
cout << "请输入一个命令字符:\t";
cin >> command;
switch (command)
{
case 'r':
cout << "\n\t--> This modal isn't commpleted! \n" << endl;
break;
case 'i': // 初始化的 INVITE 请求
            i = eXosip_call_build_initial_invite (&invite,
                                                  strDestCall.c_str(),
                                                  strSrcCall.c_str(),
NULL,
"This is a call for a conversation");
if (i != 0)
{
cout << "\n --> Intial INVITE failed! <-- \n";
break;
}
// 符合 SDP 格式, 其中属性 a 是自定义格式,也就是说可以存放自己的信息, 
// 但是只能是两列,比如帐户信息
// 但是经测试,格式: v o t必不可少,原因未知,估计是协议栈在传输时需要检查的
            strMsg = string("v=0\r\n")
+ "o=anonymous 0 0 IN IP4 0.0.0.0\r\n"
+ "t=1 10\r\n"
+ "a=username:bluesea\r\n"
+ "a=password:123456\r\n";
            osip_message_set_body (invite, strMsg.c_str(), strMsg.length());
            osip_message_set_content_type (invite, "application/sdp");
// 这里使用了锁机制以保证同步
            eXosip_lock ();
            i = eXosip_call_send_initial_invite (invite);
            eXosip_unlock ();
            flag1 = 1;
while (flag1)
{
                je = eXosip_event_wait (0, 200);
if (je == NULL)
{
cout << "\n\t--> No response or the time is over! <--\n" << endl;
break;
}
switch (je->type)
{
case EXOSIP_CALL_INVITE:
cout << "\n\t--> a new invite reveived! <--\n" << endl;
break;
// announce processing by a remote app
case EXOSIP_CALL_PROCEEDING:
cout << "\n\t--> proceeding! <--\n" << endl;
break;
// announce ringback
case EXOSIP_CALL_RINGING:
cout << "\n\t--> ringing! <--\n"
<< "\n\tcall_id is " << je->cid
<< ", dialog_id is " << je->did << endl;
break;
// 收到请求,表示连接成功,下面发送回复确认
case EXOSIP_CALL_ANSWERED:
cout << "\n\t--> ok! connected! <--\n" << endl;
                    call_id = je->cid;
                    dialog_id = je->did;
cout << "\n\tcall_id is " << je->cid
<< ", dialog_id is " << je->did << endl;
                    eXosip_call_build_ack (je->did, &ack);
                    eXosip_call_send_ack (je->did, ack);
                    flag1 = 0;
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_CLOSED:
cout << "\n\t--> the other sid closed! <--\n" << endl;
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_ACK:
cout << "\n\t--> ACK received! <--\n" << endl;
break;
default:
cout << "\n\t--> other response!\n" <<endl;
break;
}
                eXosip_event_free (je);
}
break;
case 'h':
cout << "\n\t--> Holded ! \n" << endl;
            eXosip_lock ();
            eXosip_call_terminate (call_id, dialog_id);
            eXosip_unlock ();
break;
case 'c':
cout << "\n\t--> This modal isn't commpleted! \n" << endl;
break;
case 's':
// 传输 INFO 方法
            eXosip_call_build_info (dialog_id, &info);
            snprintf (tmp , 4096, "hello,bluesea");
            osip_message_set_body (info, tmp, strlen(tmp));
// 格式可以任意设定, text/plain 代表文本信息
            osip_message_set_content_type (info, "text/plain");
            eXosip_call_send_request (dialog_id, info);
break;
case 'm':
// 传输 MESSAGE方法,也就是即时消息,
// 和 INFO 方法相比,主要区别,是 MESSAGE 不用建立连接,直接传输信息,
// 而 INFO 必须在建立 INVITE 的基础上传输。
cout << "\n\t--> the mothed :MESSAGE \n" << endl;
            eXosip_message_build_request (&message,
"MESSAGE",
                                          strDestCall.c_str(),
                                          strSrcCall.c_str(),
NULL);
            strMsg = "message: hello bluesea!";
            osip_message_set_body (message, strMsg.c_str(), strMsg.length());
// 假设格式是xml
            osip_message_set_content_type (message, "text/xml");
            eXosip_message_send_request (message);
break;
case 'q':
            eXosip_quit ();
cout << "\n\t--> Exit the setup! \n" << endl;;
            flag = 0;
break;
case 'e':
cout << strHelp << endl;
break;
default:
cout << "\n\t--> 不支持的命令 <--\n" << endl;
break;
}
}
return 0;
}

    ———– UAS 代理服务器端的代码整理 —————

/**
* 一个使用了 osip 和 eXosip 库的 UAS 代理服务端的演示程序
*
* - 只是简单的演示了使用了 osip 和 eXosip2 库的 UAS 代理服务端的如下几个功能:
*
* 编 译:g++ -I/usr/local/include -L/usr/local/lib ua_server.cpp -o ua_server -leXosip2 -losip2 -losipparser2 -lpthread
*
*/
#include <eXosip2/eXosip.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    eXosip_event_t *je = NULL;
    osip_message_t *ack = NULL;
    osip_message_t *invite = NULL;
    osip_message_t *answer = NULL;
    sdp_message_t *remote_sdp = NULL;
int call_id, dialog_id;
int i,j;
int id;
char *sour_call = "sip:136@133.37.55.136";
char *dest_call = "sip:136@133.37.55.136:5061"; //client ip/port
char command;
char tmp[4096];
char localip[128];
int pos = 0;
// 初始化 sip
    i = eXosip_init ();
if (i != 0)
{
cerr << "\n\t--> Can't initialize eXosip!\n";
return -1;
}
else
{
cout << "\n\t--> eXosip_init successfully!\n";
}
    i = eXosip_listen_addr (IPPROTO_UDP, NULL, 5060, AF_INET, 0);
if (i != 0)
{
        eXosip_quit ();
cerr << "\n\t--> eXosip_listen_addr error! Couldn't initialize transport layer!\n";
}
for(;;)
{
// 侦听是否有消息到来
        je = eXosip_event_wait (0, 50);
// 协议栈带有此语句,具体作用未知
        eXosip_lock ();
        eXosip_default_action (je);
        eXosip_automatic_refresh ();
        eXosip_unlock ();
if (je == NULL) // 没有接收到消息,继续
{
continue;
}
switch (je->type)
{
case EXOSIP_MESSAGE_NEW: // 新的消息到来
cout << "\n\t*** EXOSIP_MESSAGE_NEW!\n" << endl;
if (MSG_IS_MESSAGE (je->request)) // 如果接收到的消息类型是 MESSAGE
{
{
                    osip_body_t *body;
                    osip_message_get_body (je->request, 0, &body);
cout << "I get the msg is: " << body->body << endl;
}
// 按照规则,需要回复 OK 信息
                eXosip_message_build_answer (je->tid, 200, &answer);
                eXosip_message_send_answer (je->tid, 200, answer);
}
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_INVITE: // INVITE 请求消息
// 得到接收到消息的具体信息
cout << "\n\tReceived a INVITE msg from " << je->request->req_uri->host
<< " : " << je->request->req_uri->port
<< ", username is " << je->request->req_uri->username << endl;
// 得到消息体,认为该消息就是 SDP 格式.
            remote_sdp = eXosip_get_remote_sdp (je->did);
            call_id = je->cid;
            dialog_id = je->did;
            eXosip_lock ();
            eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 180, NULL);
            i = eXosip_call_build_answer (je->tid, 200, &answer);
if (i != 0)
{
cout << "\n\t--> This request msg is invalid! Cann't response!\n" << endl;
                eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 400, NULL);
}
else
{
                snprintf (tmp, 4096,
"v=0\r\n"
"o=anonymous 0 0 IN IP4 0.0.0.0\r\n"
"t=1 10\r\n"
"a=username:rainfish\r\n"
"a=password:123\r\n");
// 设置回复的SDP消息体,下一步计划分析消息体
// 没有分析消息体,直接回复原来的消息,这一块做的不好。
                osip_message_set_body (answer, tmp, strlen(tmp));
                osip_message_set_content_type (answer, "application/sdp");
                eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 200, answer);
cout << "\n\t--> send 200 over!" << endl;
}
            eXosip_unlock ();
// 显示出在 sdp 消息体中的 attribute 的内容,里面计划存放我们的信息
cout << "\n\t--> The INFO is :\n" ;
while (!osip_list_eol ( &(remote_sdp->a_attributes), pos))
{
                sdp_attribute_t *at;
//这里解释了为什么在SDP消息体中属性a里面存放必须是两列
                at = (sdp_attribute_t *) osip_list_get ( &remote_sdp->a_attributes, pos);
cout << "\n\t" << at->a_att_field
<< " : " << at->a_att_value << endl;
                pos ++;
}
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_ACK:
cout << "\n\t--> ACK recieved!\n" << endl;
// printf ("the cid is %s, did is %s\n", je->did, je->cid); 
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_CLOSED:
cout << "\n\t--> the remote hold the session!\n" << endl;
// eXosip_call_build_ack(dialog_id, &ack);
// eXosip_call_send_ack(dialog_id, ack); 
            i = eXosip_call_build_answer (je->tid, 200, &answer);
if (i != 0)
{
printf ("This request msg is invalid!Cann't response!\n");
                eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 400, NULL);
}
else
{
                eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 200, answer);
cout << "\n\t--> bye send 200 over!\n";
}
break;
case EXOSIP_CALL_MESSAGE_NEW:
cout << "\n\t*** EXOSIP_CALL_MESSAGE_NEW\n" << endl;
if (MSG_IS_INFO(je->request) ) // 如果传输的是 INFO 方法
{
                eXosip_lock ();
                i = eXosip_call_build_answer (je->tid, 200, &answer);
if (i == 0)
{
                    eXosip_call_send_answer (je->tid, 200, answer);
}
                eXosip_unlock ();
{
                    osip_body_t *body;
                    osip_message_get_body (je->request, 0, &body);
cout << "the body is " << body->body << endl;
}
}
break;
default:
cout << "\n\t--> Could not parse the msg!\n" << endl;
}
}
return 0;
}


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