腾讯Tinker 热修复 Andriod studio 3.0 配置和集成(一)

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/hao_m582/article/details/78694439

本文说明
面试的时候经常问我有没有用过热修复?用谁的?能说下原理吗?当时我回答得不好,毕竟以前的项目都没有用,又不敢装逼,mmp,但是基本流程还是知道的,所以我们来初探下Tinker 这个热修复,如果我是Andriod studio 2.3的话,我还不怎么想写这个文章,毕竟太多了,没有什么坑了,但是我用的是Andriod studio 3.0 尴尬了 他有很多新特色配置,我不知道呢!而且我都没有玩过他,踩了坑,花了3个小时 摸索,百度,等,终于搞定了。下一篇写一下热修复下的多渠道打包和配置,希望给有碰到朋友一些帮助吧。

腾讯热修复Tinker

腾讯Tinker简介和比较

简介

现在热修复的技术基本上有阿里的AndFix、QZone的方案、美团提出的思想方案以及腾讯的Tinker等。

其中AndFix可能接入是最简单的一个(和Tinker命令行接入方式差不多),不过兼容性还是是有一定的问题的;QZone方案对性能会有一定的影响,且在Art模式下出现内存错乱的问题(其实这个问题我之前并不清楚,主要是tinker在MDCC上指出的);美团提出的思想方案主要是基于Instant Run的原理,目前尚未开源,不过这个方案我还是蛮喜欢的,主要是兼容性好。

选择开源方案,tinker目前是最佳的选择,tinker的介绍有这么一句:

Tinker已运行在微信的数亿Android设备上,那么为什么你不使用Tinker呢?

比较

比较

官方说明

 1. Tinker不支持修改AndroidManifest.xml,Tinker不支持新增四大组件(1.9.0支持新增非export的Activity);
 2. 由于Google Play的开发者条款限制,不建议在GP渠道动态更新代码;
在Android N上,补丁对应用启动时间有轻微的影响;

3.不支持部分三星android-21机型,加载补丁时会主动抛出”TinkerRuntimeException:checkDexInstall failed”;
4. 对于资源替换,不支持修改remoteView。例如transition动画,notification icon以及桌面图标。

官方配置Andriod studio 3.0后改变

最大的变化就是app\build.gradle 文件了

官网文件地址 我们直接看他的修改记录的对比文档 这样我们更容易清楚我们改变了什么,该怎么去配置。

对比文件地址

关键对比代码和出错

出错点一
首先 我们按常规思路去引入配置3.0方式 一般 如下

 //可选,用于生成application类
    implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-lib:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
    //tinker的核心库
    annotationProcessor("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }

虽然成功了,没有报错,但是 我们在代码中执行Thinker 的方法时却找不到了
如图
尴尬了

这说明我们的包没有正确的倒进来,我们得添加下面这行代码才行
其实这个compileOnly就是我们的provided 在3.0中被代替了

 compileOnly("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }

这样我们就没有这样的问题了。

完整配置

    //其实就是一个判断 判断是否com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.0.0'
    //是的话就按3.0去配置
    //我们的TINKER_VERSION是配置在gradle.properties 中的
 if (is_gradle_3()) {
         implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
         testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
         implementation "com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.1.1"
         implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-lib:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
         annotationProcessor("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
        compileOnly("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }

         implementation "com.android.support:multidex:1.0.1"
         //use to test multiDex
 //    implementation group: 'com.google.guava', name: 'guava', version: '19.0'
 //    implementation "org.scala-lang:scala-library:2.11.7"

         //use for local maven test
 //        implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-loader:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
 //        implementation("com.tencent.tinker:aosp-dexutils:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
 //        implementation("com.tencent.tinker:bsdiff-util:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
 //        implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-ziputils:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
 //        implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-commons:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
} else {
 compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
 compile "com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.1.1"
compile("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-lib:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
   provided("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }

compile "com.android.support:multidex:1.0.1"

出错点二
我们在配置中有这么一块代码片他是用于自定义我们的apk名称和mapping名称的

 /**
     * bak apk and mapping
     */
    android.applicationVariants.all { variant ->
        /**
         * task type, you want to bak
         */
        def taskName = variant.name
        def date = new Date().format("MMdd-HH-mm-ss")
        tasks.all {
            if ("assemble${taskName.capitalize()}".equalsIgnoreCase(it.name)) {

                it.doLast {
                    copy {
                        def fileNamePrefix = "${project.name}-${variant.baseName}"
                        def newFileNamePrefix = hasFlavors ? "${fileNamePrefix}" : "${fileNamePrefix}-${date}"

                        def destPath = hasFlavors ? file("${bakPath}/${project.name}-${date}/${variant.flavorName}") : bakPath
                        /**
                        这里报错了 无法识别outputFile

                       **/
                        from variant.outputs.outputFile
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("${fileNamePrefix}.apk", "${newFileNamePrefix}.apk")
                        }

                        from "${buildDir}/outputs/mapping/${variant.dirName}/mapping.txt"
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("mapping.txt", "${newFileNamePrefix}-mapping.txt")
                        }

                        from "${buildDir}/intermediates/symbols/${variant.dirName}/R.txt"
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("R.txt", "${newFileNamePrefix}-R.txt")
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

但是我们3.0中却报错了 outputFile不能识别了
我们执行生成基础包apk时
执行打包

outputFile不能识别了

解决办法
修改代码

 from variant.outputs.outputFile

  from variant.outputs.first().outputFile

这样就没有问题了

Tinker 配置和集成

项目结构

项目结构

配置清单

Tinker接入指南

配置build.gradle

// Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {

    repositories {
        google()
        jcenter()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.0.0'
        //我们的TINKER_VERSION是配置在gradle.properties 中的
        classpath "com.tencent.tinker:tinker-patch-gradle-plugin:${TINKER_VERSION}"

        // NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
        // in the individual module build.gradle files
    }
}

allprojects {
    repositories {
        google()
        jcenter(){ url 'http://jcenter.bintray.com/' }
    }
}

task clean(type: Delete) {
    delete rootProject.buildDir
}

gradle.properties

# Project-wide Gradle settings.

# IDE (e.g. Android Studio) users:
# Gradle settings configured through the IDE *will override*
# any settings specified in this file.

# For more details on how to configure your build environment visit
# http://www.gradle.org/docs/current/userguide/build_environment.html

# Specifies the JVM arguments used for the daemon process.
# The setting is particularly useful for tweaking memory settings.
org.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx1536m
TINKER_VERSION=1.9.1
# When configured, Gradle will run in incubating parallel mode.
# This option should only be used with decoupled projects. More details, visit
# http://www.gradle.org/docs/current/userguide/multi_project_builds.html#sec:decoupled_projects
# org.gradle.parallel=true

基础包(未执行打包操作)app/build.gradle

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'


//配置java版本
def javaVersion = JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8

//void reflectAapt2Flag() {
//    try {
//        def booleanOptClazz = Class.forName('com.android.build.gradle.options.BooleanOption')
//        def enableAAPT2Field = booleanOptClazz.getDeclaredField('ENABLE_AAPT2')
//        enableAAPT2Field.setAccessible(true)
//        def enableAAPT2EnumObj = enableAAPT2Field.get(null)
//        def defValField = enableAAPT2EnumObj.getClass().getDeclaredField('defaultValue')
//        defValField.setAccessible(true)
//        defValField.set(enableAAPT2EnumObj, false)
//    } catch (Throwable thr) {
//        project.logger.error("relectAapt2Flag error: ${thr.getMessage()}.")
//    }
//}

android {

    signingConfigs {
        release {
            keyAlias 'tinker_release'
            keyPassword '123456'
            storeFile file('D:/tinkertest_release1.jks')
            storePassword '123456'
        }
        dubug {
            keyAlias 'tinker_debug'
            keyPassword '123456'
            storeFile file('D:/tinkertest_debug1.jks')
            storePassword '123456'
        }
    }
    compileOptions {
        sourceCompatibility javaVersion
        targetCompatibility javaVersion
    }
    //recommend
    dexOptions {
        jumboMode = true
//        try {
//           //close preDexLibraries
//            android.dexOptions.preDexLibraries = false
//
//            //open jumboMode
//            android.dexOptions.jumboMode = true
//            reflectAapt2Flag()
//        } catch (Throwable e) {
//            //no preDexLibraries field, just continue
//        }
    }
    //配置自己的签名文件,签名文件的生成和导入可以去百度,本篇不讲解


    compileSdkVersion 26
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.achers.tinkermain"
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 26
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"

        /**
        * you can use multiDex and install it in your ApplicationLifeCycle implement
        */
        multiDexEnabled true
        /**
                * buildConfig can change during patch!
                * we can use the newly value when patch
        */
        buildConfigField "String", "MESSAGE", "\"I am the base apk\""
//        buildConfigField "String", "MESSAGE", "\"I am the patch apk\""
        /**
         * client version would update with patch
         * so we can get the newly git version easily!
         */
        buildConfigField "String", "TINKER_ID", "\"1.0\""
        buildConfigField "String", "PLATFORM",  "\"all\""
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled true
           // proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), project.file('proguard-rules.pro')
            signingConfig signingConfigs.release
        }
        debug {
            debuggable true
            minifyEnabled false
            signingConfig signingConfigs.debug
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
//            def newFileNamePrefix = hasFlavors ? "${fileNamePrefix}" : "${fileNamePrefix}-${date}"
//
//            def destPath = hasFlavors ? file("${bakPath}/${project.name}-${date}/${variant.flavorName}") : bakPath
//            from variant.outputs.first().outputFile
//            into destPath
//            rename { String fileName ->
//                fileName.replace("${fileNamePrefix}.apk", "${newFileNamePrefix}.apk")
//
//            }
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:26.1.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.2'
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.1'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.1'
    //可选,用于生成application类
    implementation("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-lib:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
    //tinker的核心库
    annotationProcessor("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }
    compileOnly("com.tencent.tinker:tinker-android-anno:${TINKER_VERSION}") { changing = true }

    implementation 'com.android.support:multidex:1.0.2'
}




def bakPath = file("${buildDir}/bakApk/")

/**
 * you can use assembleRelease to build you base apk
 * use tinkerPatchRelease -POLD_APK=  -PAPPLY_MAPPING=  -PAPPLY_RESOURCE= to build patch
 * add apk from the build/bakApk
 */
//老版本的文件所在的位置,大家也可以动态配置,不用每次都在这里修改
ext {
    //for some reason, you may want to ignore tinkerBuild, such as instant run debug build?
    tinkerEnabled = true
    //这里由于第一次打包前是没有这些old包的 可以先不填写 打包成功生成后再填写
    //for normal build
    //old apk file to build patch apk
    //tinkerOldApkPath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1012-11-23-07.apk"
    tinkerOldApkPath = "${bakPath}/"
    //proguard mapping file to build patch apk

    //tinkerApplyMappingPath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1012-11-23-07-mapping.txt"
    tinkerApplyMappingPath = "${bakPath}/"
    //resource R.txt to build patch apk, must input if there is resource changed

    //tinkerApplyResourcePath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1012-11-23-07-R.txt"
    tinkerApplyResourcePath = "$"

    //only use for build all flavor, if not, just ignore this field
    //tinkerBuildFlavorDirectory = "${bakPath}/app-1018-17-32-47"
    tinkerBuildFlavorDirectory = "${bakPath}/"
}


def getOldApkPath() {
    return hasProperty("OLD_APK") ? OLD_APK : ext.tinkerOldApkPath
}

def getApplyMappingPath() {
    return hasProperty("APPLY_MAPPING") ? APPLY_MAPPING : ext.tinkerApplyMappingPath
}

def getApplyResourceMappingPath() {
    return hasProperty("APPLY_RESOURCE") ? APPLY_RESOURCE : ext.tinkerApplyResourcePath
}
//废弃
/*def getTinkerIdValue() {
    return hasProperty("TINKER_ID") ? TINKER_ID : gitSha()
}*/

def buildWithTinker() {
    return hasProperty("TINKER_ENABLE") ? TINKER_ENABLE : ext.tinkerEnabled
}

def getTinkerBuildFlavorDirectory() {
    return ext.tinkerBuildFlavorDirectory
}

if (buildWithTinker()) {
    apply plugin: 'com.tencent.tinker.patch'

    tinkerPatch {
        /**
         * necessary,default 'null'
         * the old apk path, use to diff with the new apk to build
         * add apk from the build/bakApk
         */
        oldApk = getOldApkPath()
        /**
         * optional,default 'false'
         * there are some cases we may get some warnings
         * if ignoreWarning is true, we would just assert the patch process
         * case 1: minSdkVersion is below 14, but you are using dexMode with raw.
         *         it must be crash when load.
         * case 2: newly added Android Component in AndroidManifest.xml,
         *         it must be crash when load.
         * case 3: loader classes in dex.loader{} are not keep in the main dex,
         *         it must be let tinker not work.
         * case 4: loader classes in dex.loader{} changes,
         *         loader classes is ues to load patch dex. it is useless to change them.
         *         it won't crash, but these changes can't effect. you may ignore it
         * case 5: resources.arsc has changed, but we don't use applyResourceMapping to build
         */
        ignoreWarning = true

        /**
         * optional,default 'true'
         * whether sign the patch file
         * if not, you must do yourself. otherwise it can't check success during the patch loading
         * we will use the sign config with your build type
         */
        useSign = true

        /**
         * optional,default 'true'
         * whether use tinker to build
         */
        tinkerEnable = buildWithTinker()

        /**
         * Warning, applyMapping will affect the normal android build!
         */
        buildConfig {
            /**
             * optional,default 'null'
             * if we use tinkerPatch to build the patch apk, you'd better to apply the old
             * apk mapping file if minifyEnabled is enable!
             * Warning:
             * you must be careful that it will affect the normal assemble build!
             */
            applyMapping = getApplyMappingPath()
            /**
             * optional,default 'null'
             * It is nice to keep the resource id from R.txt file to reduce java changes
             */
            applyResourceMapping = getApplyResourceMappingPath()

            /**
             * necessary,default 'null'
             * because we don't want to check the base apk with md5 in the runtime(it is slow)
             * tinkerId is use to identify the unique base apk when the patch is tried to apply.
             * we can use git rev, svn rev or simply versionCode.
             * we will gen the tinkerId in your manifest automatic
             */
             //由于没有集成git 我们这里直接写成1.0就可以
            // 或者在实际项目中可以根据你的versionName来定义
            tinkerId = "1.0"/*getTinkerIdValue()*/

            /**
             * if keepDexApply is true, class in which dex refer to the old apk.
             * open this can reduce the dex diff file size.
             */
            keepDexApply = false
        }

        dex {
            /**
             * optional,default 'jar'
             * only can be 'raw' or 'jar'. for raw, we would keep its original format
             * for jar, we would repack dexes with zip format.
             * if you want to support below 14, you must use jar
             * or you want to save rom or check quicker, you can use raw mode also
             */
            dexMode = "jar"

            /**
             * necessary,default '[]'
             * what dexes in apk are expected to deal with tinkerPatch
             * it support * or ? pattern.
             */
            pattern = ["classes*.dex",
                       "assets/secondary-dex-?.jar"]
            /**
             * necessary,default '[]'
             * Warning, it is very very important, loader classes can't change with patch.
             * thus, they will be removed from patch dexes.
             * you must put the following class into main dex.
             * Simply, you should add your own application {@code tinker.sample.android.SampleApplication}
             * own tinkerLoader, and the classes you use in them
             *
             */
            loader = [
                    //use sample, let BaseBuildInfo unchangeable with tinker
                    "tinker.sample.android.app.BaseBuildInfo"
            ]
        }

        lib {
            /**
             * optional,default '[]'
             * what library in apk are expected to deal with tinkerPatch
             * it support * or ? pattern.
             * for library in assets, we would just recover them in the patch directory
             * you can get them in TinkerLoadResult with Tinker
             */
            pattern = ["lib/*/*.so"]
        }

        res {
            /**
             * optional,default '[]'
             * what resource in apk are expected to deal with tinkerPatch
             * it support * or ? pattern.
             * you must include all your resources in apk here,
             * otherwise, they won't repack in the new apk resources.
             */
            pattern = ["res/*", "assets/*", "resources.arsc", "AndroidManifest.xml"]

            /**
             * optional,default '[]'
             * the resource file exclude patterns, ignore add, delete or modify resource change
             * it support * or ? pattern.
             * Warning, we can only use for files no relative with resources.arsc
             */
            ignoreChange = ["assets/sample_meta.txt"]

            /**
             * default 100kb
             * for modify resource, if it is larger than 'largeModSize'
             * we would like to use bsdiff algorithm to reduce patch file size
             */
            largeModSize = 100
        }

        packageConfig {
            /**
             * optional,default 'TINKER_ID, TINKER_ID_VALUE' 'NEW_TINKER_ID, NEW_TINKER_ID_VALUE'
             * package meta file gen. path is assets/package_meta.txt in patch file
             * you can use securityCheck.getPackageProperties() in your ownPackageCheck method
             * or TinkerLoadResult.getPackageConfigByName
             * we will get the TINKER_ID from the old apk manifest for you automatic,
             * other config files (such as patchMessage below)is not necessary
             */
            configField("patchMessage", "tinker is sample to use")
            /**
             * just a sample case, you can use such as sdkVersion, brand, channel...
             * you can parse it in the SamplePatchListener.
             * Then you can use patch conditional!
             */
            configField("platform", "all")
            /**
             * patch version via packageConfig
             */
            configField("patchVersion", "1.0")
        }
        //or you can add config filed outside, or get meta value from old apk
        //project.tinkerPatch.packageConfig.configField("test1", project.tinkerPatch.packageConfig.getMetaDataFromOldApk("Test"))
        //project.tinkerPatch.packageConfig.configField("test2", "sample")

        /**
         * if you don't use zipArtifact or path, we just use 7za to try
         */
        sevenZip {
            /**
             * optional,default '7za'
             * the 7zip artifact path, it will use the right 7za with your platform
             */
            zipArtifact = "com.tencent.mm:SevenZip:1.1.10"
            /**
             * optional,default '7za'
             * you can specify the 7za path yourself, it will overwrite the zipArtifact value
             */
//        path = "/usr/local/bin/7za"
        }
    }

    List<String> flavors = new ArrayList<>();
    project.android.productFlavors.each { flavor ->
        flavors.add(flavor.name)
    }
    boolean hasFlavors = flavors.size() > 0
    /**
     * bak apk and mapping
     */
    android.applicationVariants.all { variant ->
        /**
         * task type, you want to bak
         */
        def taskName = variant.name
        def date = new Date().format("MMdd-HH-mm-ss")
        tasks.all {
            if ("assemble${taskName.capitalize()}".equalsIgnoreCase(it.name)) {

                it.doLast {
                    copy {
                        def fileNamePrefix = "${project.name}-${variant.baseName}"
                        def newFileNamePrefix = hasFlavors ? "${fileNamePrefix}" : "${fileNamePrefix}-${date}"

                        def destPath = hasFlavors ? file("${bakPath}/${project.name}-${date}/${variant.flavorName}") : bakPath
                       // from variant.outputs.outputFile
                        from variant.outputs.first().outputFile
                        //variant.outputs.all
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("${fileNamePrefix}.apk", "${newFileNamePrefix}.apk")
                        }

                        from "${buildDir}/outputs/mapping/${variant.dirName}/mapping.txt"
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("mapping.txt", "${newFileNamePrefix}-mapping.txt")
                        }

                        from "${buildDir}/intermediates/symbols/${variant.dirName}/R.txt"
                        into destPath
                        rename { String fileName ->
                            fileName.replace("R.txt", "${newFileNamePrefix}-R.txt")
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    project.afterEvaluate {
        //sample use for build all flavor for one time
        if (hasFlavors) {
            task(tinkerPatchAllFlavorRelease) {
                group = 'tinker'
                def originOldPath = getTinkerBuildFlavorDirectory()
                for (String flavor : flavors) {
                    def tinkerTask = tasks.getByName("tinkerPatch${flavor.capitalize()}Release")
                    dependsOn tinkerTask
                    def preAssembleTask = tasks.getByName("process${flavor.capitalize()}ReleaseManifest")
                    preAssembleTask.doFirst {
                        String flavorName = preAssembleTask.name.substring(7, 8).toLowerCase() + preAssembleTask.name.substring(8, preAssembleTask.name.length() - 15)
                        project.tinkerPatch.oldApk = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-release.apk"
                        project.tinkerPatch.buildConfig.applyMapping = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-release-mapping.txt"
                        project.tinkerPatch.buildConfig.applyResourceMapping = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-release-R.txt"

                    }

                }
            }

            task(tinkerPatchAllFlavorDebug) {
                group = 'tinker'
                def originOldPath = getTinkerBuildFlavorDirectory()
                for (String flavor : flavors) {
                    def tinkerTask = tasks.getByName("tinkerPatch${flavor.capitalize()}Debug")
                    dependsOn tinkerTask
                    def preAssembleTask = tasks.getByName("process${flavor.capitalize()}DebugManifest")
                    preAssembleTask.doFirst {
                        String flavorName = preAssembleTask.name.substring(7, 8).toLowerCase() + preAssembleTask.name.substring(8, preAssembleTask.name.length() - 13)
                        project.tinkerPatch.oldApk = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-debug.apk"
                        project.tinkerPatch.buildConfig.applyMapping = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-debug-mapping.txt"
                        project.tinkerPatch.buildConfig.applyResourceMapping = "${originOldPath}/${flavorName}/${project.name}-${flavorName}-debug-R.txt"
                    }

                }
            }
        }
    }
}

基础包(执行打包操作后)app/build.gradle
我们生成了bakApk 文件

与未打包的区别 我们把对应的参数修改填进去

//老版本的文件所在的位置,大家也可以动态配置,不用每次都在这里修改
ext {
    //for some reason, you may want to ignore tinkerBuild, such as instant run debug build?
    tinkerEnabled = true

    //for normal build
    //old apk file to build patch apk

    tinkerOldApkPath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1201-23-58-59.apk"
    //proguard mapping file to build patch apk


    tinkerApplyMappingPath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1201-23-58-59-mapping.txt"
    //resource R.txt to build patch apk, must input if there is resource changed


    tinkerApplyResourcePath = "${bakPath}/app-release-1201-23-58-59-R.txt"

    //only use for build all flavor, if not, just ignore this field
    //这里可以不填 他这里是分出一个单独的文件夹
    //tinkerBuildFlavorDirectory = "${bakPath}/app-1018-17-32-47"
    tinkerBuildFlavorDirectory = "${bakPath}/"
}

好的到这里我算是成功一半了。

项目集成

Tinker操作和测试

生成集成包bakApk

步骤一
我们先写些代码

配置我们AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.achers.tinkermain">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
    <application
        android:name=".SimpleTinkerInApplication"
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

配置MainActivity.class

package com.achers.tinkermain;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.achers.tinkermain.Tinker.TinkerManager;

import java.io.File;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private String mPath;


    @SuppressLint("WrongViewCast")
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);



        mPath = getExternalCacheDir().getAbsolutePath() + File.separatorChar;
    }

    /**
     * 加载Tinker补丁
     *
     * @param view
     */
    public void Fix(View view) {
        File patchFile = new File(mPath, "patch_signed.apk");
        if (patchFile.exists()) {
            TinkerManager.addPatch(patchFile.getAbsolutePath());
            Toast.makeText(this, "File Exists,Please wait a moment ", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else {
            Toast.makeText(this, "File No Exists", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }


}

activity_main.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"/>


    <Button
        android:id="@+id/b1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="加载更新"
        android:onClick="Fix"
        />


</LinearLayout> 

基础包

好的 我们生成bakApk 包

执行打包

这里写图片描述

我们就安装到手机 测试下 安装包是否有问题 按找我的来 没问题的,有问题 我请你吃鸡。

生成分差包patch_signed.apk

在之前我们要先更新下我们的代码,热修复嘛,你代码都没有改变,还修个毛线,不如吃鸡。

看下关键的代码
MainActivity.class

package com.achers.tinkermain;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.achers.tinkermain.Tinker.TinkerManager;

import java.io.File;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private String mPath;
    private ImageView iv;

    @SuppressLint("WrongViewCast")
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        iv = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.iv);

        mPath = getExternalCacheDir().getAbsolutePath() + File.separatorChar;
    }

    /**
     * 加载Tinker补丁
     *
     * @param view
     */
    public void Fix(View view) {
        File patchFile = new File(mPath, "patch_signed.apk");
        if (patchFile.exists()) {
            TinkerManager.addPatch(patchFile.getAbsolutePath());
            Toast.makeText(this, "File Exists,Please wait a moment ", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else {
            Toast.makeText(this, "File No Exists", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 新增的按钮点击事件
     *
     * @param view
     */
    public void Load(View view) {
        iv.setImageResource(R.drawable.ic_launcher_background);
    }
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Hello World!"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"/>


    <Button
        android:id="@+id/b1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="加载更新"
        android:onClick="Fix"
        />




    <Button

        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="添加图片"
        android:onClick="Load"
        />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/iv"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
</LinearLayout> 

这里写图片描述

我们执行生成修复包的命令 生成补丁

执行thinkerPathRelease

执行成功会有文件生成
app\build\outputs\apk\tinkerPatch
这里写图片描述

这样代表我们的patch_signed.apk 成功生成了

这样我们需要将文件patch_signed.apk 放到 缓存目录下,修复补丁后的程序

通过Context.getExternalFilesDir()方法可以获取到 SDCard/Android/data/你的应用的包名/files/ 目录,一般放一些长时间保存的数据
通过Context.getExternalCacheDir()方法可以获取到 SDCard/Android/data/你的应用包名/cache/目录,一般存放临时缓存数据

这里写图片描述

验证结果

由于没有手机录屏工具转gif 失败 所以我想传gif的 找了几个工具都不行了 真的尴尬。不过我还可以上点图片的。

这里写图片描述
最后把我的demo 上传 大家可以尝试去配置,相信你可以的。用过Thinker的更不用说了。

demo下载地址

集成的常见错误

1. 网络情况不佳时,tinker插件所依赖的库或者插件缺失(如 com.tencent.mm:SevenZip 缺失)

1.1 原因:下载地址是https开头,导致下载不下来
1.2 解决办法:找到C盘用户目录下.gradle目录下的cache目录(形如 C:\Users\hasee.gradle\caches)
删除该文件夹下所有文件以及文件夹然后将 根目录(Project:)build.gradle中把

jcenter()

更改为

jcenter(){ url 'http://jcenter.bintray.com/' }

再重新编译。(相当于再次重新下载依赖)

2.Error:Execution failed for task ‘:app:transformClassesWithJarMergingForDebug’. BSDiff$1.class

解决办法: clean project

3.Error:(9, 0) Your project path contains non-ASCII characters编译失败

原因:工程目录处于中文路径下
解决办法:不处于中文路径下就好了

4.加载补丁时补丁加载失败

补丁加载失败的原因很多,具体原因可以在logcat中查看,但是需要确保logcat的设置如下,否则tinker合成补丁日志输出获取不到

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

解决办法:注意不要搞混 tinkerPatchDebug gradle任务 和 tinkerPatchReleas gradle任务 对应生成的
patch_signed_7zip,debug签名就用 tinkerPatchDebug gradle任务 生成的 patch_signed_7zip

参考文章并感谢

http://blog.csdn.net/lamp_zy/article/details/53513214
https://github.com/Tencent/tinker/commit/b7e67a7605922ed92c9b35447909ba00b53681c4
http://blog.csdn.net/qq_30379689/article/details/78575473
http://blog.csdn.net/jaycee110905/article/details/21130557

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