C++派生类构造函数和析构函数的调用顺序

对于构造函数 :  先执行基类的,再执行对象成员的,最后执行派生类的

对于析构函数 :  先执行派生类的,再执行对象成员的,最后执行基类的

即 析构顺序与构造顺序相反,示例程序如下:

 


#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;

class base
{
public :
 base ( )
 {
  cout << " constructing base class " << endl;
 }
 ~base()
 {
  cout << " destructing base class " << endl;
 }
};

class base2
{
 int i;
public :
 base2 ( int n)
 {
  cout << " constructing base2 class " << endl;
  i = n;
 }
 ~base2()
 {
  cout << " destructing base2 class " << endl;
 }
 void showi()
 {
  cout << i << endl;
 }
};
class derived : public base
{
 int    j;
 base2 obj;
public :
 derived ( int n) : obj (n)
 {
  cout << " constructing derived class " << endl;
  j = n;
 }
 ~derived( )
 {
  cout << "destructing derived class " << endl;
 }
 void showj()
 {
  cout << j << endl;
 }

};

int  main ()
{
 derived ob(10);
 ob.showj ();
 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

结果为 :

constructing base class

constructing base2 class

constructing derived  class

10

destructing derived class

destructing base2 class

destructing base class

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文章标签: c++ class
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