ubuntu22.04 isntalls the golang runtime environment

1.download the golang installation package

wget https://gomirrors.org/dl/go/go1.19.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz

2.extract package

sudo tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.19.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz

3.Establish a soft connection

sudo ln -s /usr/local/go/bin/* /usr/bin/

4. install vim

sudo apt-get install vim-gtk

5.set environment variables

sudo vim ~/.bashrc

# Insert the following 2 lines at the end of the file to save the exit

#press " i " turn on insert mode

#press ESC to enter :wq to save

export GOPATH="$HOME/go"
export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin:$GOPATH/bin"

6.Make the configuration file effective

source ~/.bashrc

7.Test whether the installation is successful

go version

8.View environment variabl

go evn

9. Generate demo program and compile and run it

cd home

 #create a src directory

sudo mkdir src

 #create a helloworld.go file

sudo vim helloworld.go

 #code

package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
    fmt.Printf("hello world\n")
}

 #return to the previous directory

cd ..

 #set src directory permission

sudo chmod -R 777 src
cd src

#intialization

go mod init src
go mod tidy

#view all files in the directory

ls -al

 #compile helloworld.go

go build helloworld.go
./helloworld

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