c++实现int数组简单的拷贝、逆序、打印、赋值、判断相等功能

版权声明: https://blog.csdn.net/hiudawn/article/details/79950503
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;


class Array
{
public:


Array()//无参构造函数
{
this->len = 0;
this->space = NULL;
cout<<"Array()"<<endl;
}


Array(int len)//有参构造函数
{
if(len<=0)
{
this->len = 0;
this->space = NULL;
}
else
{
this->len = len;
this->space = new int[len];
cout<<"创建了一个长度为"<<len<<"的数组"<<endl;
}
}


Array(const Array &another)//拷贝构造函数,把另一个数组拷贝过来
{
if(another.len>=0)
{
this->len = another.len;
//执行深拷贝
//先给新对象在堆中创建一定长度的数组
this->space = new int[this->len];
//把原对象的值赋给新对象
for(int i =0;i<this->len;i++)
{
this->space[i] = another.space[i];
}
cout<<"调用了默认拷贝构造函数"<<endl;
}
}


~Array()//析构函数
{
if(this->space != NULL)
{
delete[] this->space;//要先释放this->space指向的空间
this->space = NULL;//再干掉space这个指针
len = 0;
}
cout<<"~Array()"<<endl;
}
//重载等号操作符
void operator=(const Array &another)
{
if(another.len>=0)
{
this->len = another.len;
this->space = new int[this->len];
for(int i =0;i<this->len;i++)
{
this->space[i] = another.space[i];
}
cout<<"调用了等号操作符的复制"<<endl;
}
}
//根据索引赋值
void set(int index,int value){
if(this->space!=NULL&&index<len&&index>=0)
{
this->space[index] = value;
}
}
//打印特定索引的值
int index(int index){
if(this->space!=NULL&&index<len&&index>=0)
{
return this->space[index]; 
}
}
//返回数组长度
int length(){
return this->len;
} 
//打印列表值,有重载的cout
void values(){
for(int i = 0;i<this->len;i++)
{
cout<<this->space[i]<<"\t";
}
cout<<endl;
}
//数组反转
void reverse()
{
int temp;
for(int i = this->len-1,j=0; j<=i;i--,j++)
{
temp = this->space[j];
this->space[j] = this->space[i];
this->space[i] = temp;
}
cout<<"调用了reverse()"<<endl;
}
//重载==运算符,!=是类似的
bool operator==(Array &another)
{
cout<<"用==操作符判断数组是否相等"<<endl;
if(this->len != another.len)
{
return false;
}
else
{
for(int i = 0;i<this->len;i++)
{
if(this->space[i] != another.space[i])
{
return false;
}
}
}
return true;
}
//重载!=
bool operator!=(Array &another)
{
cout<<"调用了!="<<endl;
if(*this == another)
{
return false;
}
else
{
return true;
}
}
//声明友元函数
friend ostream& operator<<(ostream& os,Array& a);


private:
int len;
int* space;
};
//重载的左移运算符,直观来讲就是可以使用cout打印数组
ostream& operator<<(ostream& os,Array& a)//记得返回ostream对象,不然会报段错误
{
for(int i = 0;i<a.len;i++)
{
cout<<a.space[i]<<"\t";
}
return os;
}


int main()
{
//先随便定义一个要被拷贝的数组
Array a(10);
for(int i =0;i<10;i++)
{
a.set(i,i+1);
}
a.values();


//在创建b的时候等号a,默认调用a的拷贝构造函数
Array b = a;
b.set(9,10086);
b.values();
b.reverse();
b.values();


//下面是调用等号操作符的复制,因为如果定义和赋值分开就是调用默认的等号操作符
//如果不重写默认是浅拷贝的
Array c;
c = b;
c.reverse();
c.values();


//直接用cout打印数组a
cout<<a<<endl;
cout<<"a==a:"<<(a==a)<<endl;
cout<<"a==b:"<<(a==b)<<endl;
//!=判断,巧用==反转
cout<<"a!=a:"<<(a!=a)<<endl;
cout<<"a!=b:"<<(a!=b)<<endl;
return 0;
}


//有空可以加入快排,多变量等功能,实现完整的类python的list

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