redis内存数据库C客户端hiredis API 中文说明

A)编译安装

make
make install (/usr/local)
make install PREFIX=$HOME/progs(可以自由指定安装路径)

B)同步的API接口

redisContext *redisConnect(const char *ip, int port);
void *redisCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, ...);
void freeReplyObject(void *reply);

1)建立连接

redisContext *c = redisConnect("127.0.0.1", 6379);
if (c != NULL && c->err) {
        printf("Error: %s\n", c->errstr);
            // handle error
}

redisConnect函数用来创建一个叫redisContext的东西,它包含了连接相关的信息,它里面有个err字段,0表示正常,其他表示出错了!通过errstr字段可以知晓错误信息。


2)执行命令

reply = redisCommand(context, "SET key value");
reply = redisCommand(context, "SET key %s", value);
reply = redisCommand(context, "SET key %b", value, (size_t) valuelen);
reply = redisCommand(context, "SET key:%s %s", myid, value);

redisCommand的调用格式类似printf函数,上面的第二条调用语句的作用在于输入二进制格式的value内容,其后必须表明二进制的字节长度!


3)redisCommand函数返回一个东西叫redisReply,我们需要通过判断它的type字段来知道返回了具体什么样的内容:

REDIS_REPLY_STATUS      表示状态,内容通过str字段查看,字符串长度是len字段
REDIS_REPLY_ERROR       表示出错,查看出错信息,如上的str,len字段
REDIS_REPLY_INTEGER    返回整数,从integer字段获取值
REDIS_REPLY_NIL            没有数据返回
REDIS_REPLY_STRING      返回字符串,查看str,len字段
REDIS_REPLY_ARRAY       返回一个数组,查看elements的值(数组个数),通过element[index]的方式访问数组元素,每个数组元素是 一个redisReply对象的指针

4)另外有一个类似的函数,批量执行命令:

void *redisCommandArgv(redisContext *c, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

5)redisReply使用完毕后,需要使用函数freeReplyObject进行释放销毁

void redisFree(redisContext *c)的作用是断开连接,并释放redisContext的内容

6)redisCommand的函数执行流程说明:
  a.格式化redis command
  b.格式化后的命令内容放入redisContext的输出缓冲区
  c.调用redisGetReply函数执行命令,得到结果

7)管道的使用方式:
a.填入需要执行的命令

void redisAppendCommand(redisContext *c, const char *format, ...);
void redisAppendCommandArgv(redisContext *c, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

b.获取命令的输出结果

int redisGetReply(redisContext *c, void **reply);

c.释放输出结果

void freeReplyObject(void *reply);


例子:

复制代码
redisReply *reply = NULL;
redisAppendCommand(context,"set key1 value");
redisAppendCommand(context,"get key2");
redisGetReply(context,&reply); // reply for set
freeReplyObject(reply);
redisGetReply(context,&reply); // reply for get
freeReplyObject(reply);
复制代码


订阅模式:

reply = redisCommand(context,"SUBSCRIBE test");
freeReplyObject(reply);
while(redisGetReply(context,&reply) == REDIS_OK) {
        // consume message
        freeReplyObject(reply);
}


8)redisReply返回结果处理:
REDIS_OK                    正常
REDIS_ERR_IO          IO读/写出现异常,通过errno查看原因
REDIS_ERR_EOF            服务器关闭了链接,读结束
REDIS_ERR_PROTOCOL  分析redis协议内容出错
EDIS_ERR_OTHER          其他未知的错误
上述错误类型都可以通过redisReply的errstr字段查看简短的描述

C)异步API(异步API的使用方式和同步API差不多,在这儿列出不同的函数吧)
1.连接redis服务器

redisAsyncContext *c = redisAsyncConnect("127.0.0.1", 6379);
if (c->err) {
        printf("Error: %s\n", c->errstr);
            // handle error
}

2.设置连接、断开的钩子函数

int redisAsyncSetConnectCallback(redisAsyncContext *ac, redisConnectCallback *fn);
int redisAsyncSetDisconnectCallback(redisAsyncContext *ac, redisDisconnectCallback *fn);

3.插入命令信息

int redisAsyncCommand(redisAsyncContext *ac, redisCallbackFn *fn, void *privdata,const char *format, ...);
int redisAsyncCommandArgv( redisAsyncContext *ac, redisCallbackFn *fn, void *privdata, int argc, const char **argv, const size_t *argvlen);

获取命令输出和同步API相同


4.关闭连接

void redisAsyncDisconnect(redisAsyncContext *ac);


D)辅助API
下面的API主要用于其他编程语言绑定的术后,可以读取分析数据

redisReader *redisReaderCreate(void);
void redisReaderFree(redisReader *reader);
int redisReaderFeed(redisReader *reader, const char *buf, size_t len);
int redisReaderGetReply(redisReader *reader, void **reply);

 官方例子:

复制代码
 1 #include <stdio.h>
 2 #include <stdlib.h>
 3 #include <string.h>
 4 
 5 #include <hiredis.h>
 6 
 7 int main(int argc, char **argv) {
 8     unsigned int j;
 9     redisContext *c;
10     redisReply *reply;
11     const char *hostname = (argc > 1) ? argv[1] : "127.0.0.1";
12     int port = (argc > 2) ? atoi(argv[2]) : 6379;
13 
14     struct timeval timeout = { 1, 500000 }; // 1.5 seconds
15     c = redisConnectWithTimeout(hostname, port, timeout);
16     if (c == NULL || c->err) {
17         if (c) {
18             printf("Connection error: %s\n", c->errstr);
19             redisFree(c);
20         } else {
21             printf("Connection error: can't allocate redis context\n");
22         }
23         exit(1);
24     }
25 
26     /* PING server */
27     reply = redisCommand(c,"PING");
28     printf("PING: %s\n", reply->str);
29     freeReplyObject(reply);
30 
31     /* Set a key */
32     reply = redisCommand(c,"SET %s %s", "foo", "hello world");
33     printf("SET: %s\n", reply->str);
34     freeReplyObject(reply);
35 
36     /* Set a key using binary safe API */
37     reply = redisCommand(c,"SET %b %b", "bar", (size_t) 3, "hello", (size_t) 5);
38     printf("SET (binary API): %s\n", reply->str);
39     freeReplyObject(reply);
40 
41     /* Try a GET and two INCR */
42     reply = redisCommand(c,"GET foo");
43     printf("GET foo: %s\n", reply->str);
44     freeReplyObject(reply);
45 
46     reply = redisCommand(c,"INCR counter");
47     printf("INCR counter: %lld\n", reply->integer);
48     freeReplyObject(reply);
49     /* again ... */
50     reply = redisCommand(c,"INCR counter");
51     printf("INCR counter: %lld\n", reply->integer);
52     freeReplyObject(reply);
53 
54     /* Create a list of numbers, from 0 to 9 */
55     reply = redisCommand(c,"DEL mylist");
56     freeReplyObject(reply);
57     for (j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
58         char buf[64];
59 
60         snprintf(buf,64,"%d",j);
61         reply = redisCommand(c,"LPUSH mylist element-%s", buf);
62         freeReplyObject(reply);
63     }
64 
65     /* Let's check what we have inside the list */
66     reply = redisCommand(c,"LRANGE mylist 0 -1");
67     if (reply->type == REDIS_REPLY_ARRAY) {
68         for (j = 0; j < reply->elements; j++) {
69             printf("%u) %s\n", j, reply->element[j]->str);
70         }
71     }
72     freeReplyObject(reply);
73 
74     /* Disconnects and frees the context */
75     redisFree(c);
76 
77     return 0;
78 }
复制代码

 

整理自:http://www.mamicode.com/info-detail-501902.html



FROM:  http://www.cnblogs.com/houjun/p/4875116.html



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