Spring 多数据库事务的一致性(JTA 和 非JTA)

  1. 这里的项目是基于 Spring4.X + hibernate4.X架构的。最近的一个项目需要两个数据库,一个Oracle,一个是Sqlserver。业务中有一些需求需要跨库事务的一致,举个例子:合同签订保存到基于Oracle的ERP数据库,紧接着下发到Sqlserver的WMS数据库。
  2. 以前听说过JTA分布式事务,google到两种分布式框架:JOTM,atomikos。貌似JOTM简便点,就它了。
  3. 这种方式需要的jar包,首先在JOTM官网下面所有的jar包文件(文末提供下载),下图中选中的jar文件都是需要导入的

     

    首先配置DataSource和SessionFactory

 

<!-- 数据库连接池 -->
	<bean id="dataSource1" class="org.enhydra.jdbc.pool.StandardXAPoolDataSource">
		 <property name="dataSource">  
	        <bean class="org.enhydra.jdbc.standard.StandardXADataSource" destroy-method="shutdown">  
	            <property name="transactionManager" ref="jotm" />  
	            <property name="driverName" value="oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver" />  
	            <property name="url" value="jdbc:oracle:thin:@192.168.1.200:1521:orcl" />  
	        </bean>  
	    </property>     
	    <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}" />  
	    <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" /> 
	</bean>
	<bean id="dataSource2" class="org.enhydra.jdbc.pool.StandardXAPoolDataSource"
		>
		 <property name="dataSource">  
	        <bean class="org.enhydra.jdbc.standard.StandardXADataSource" destroy-method="shutdown">  
	            <property name="transactionManager" ref="jotm" />  
	            <property name="driverName" value="com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver" />  
	            <property name="url" value="jdbc:sqlserver://192.168.1.200:1433;DatabaseName=middle_db" />  
	        </bean>  
	    </property>     
	    <property name="user" value="${jdbc2.username}" />  
	    <property name="password" value="${jdbc2.password}" />  
	</bean>
	<bean id="sessionFactory1"
		class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource1" />
		<property name="packagesToScan">
			<list>
				<value>com.sy.domain</value>
			</list>
		</property>
		<property name="hibernateProperties">
			<props>
				<prop key="hibernate.dialect">
					org.hibernate.dialect.OracleDialect
				</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.autoReconnect">true</prop>
				<!-- <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop> -->
			</props>
		</property>
	</bean>
	
	<bean id="sessionFactory2"
		class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource2" />
		<property name="packagesToScan">
			<list>
				<value>com.sy.domain</value>
			</list>
		</property>
		<property name="hibernateProperties">
			<props>
				<prop key="hibernate.dialect">
					org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect
				</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.autoReconnect">true</prop>
				<!-- <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop> -->
			</props>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<!-- erp.dao -->
	<bean id="commonDao" class="com.sy.dao.impl.CommonDaoImpl" >
		<property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory1"/>
	</bean>
	<!-- wms.dao -->
	<bean id="commonDao2" class="com.sy.dao.impl.CommonDaoImpl" >
		<property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory2"/>
	</bean>

  因为我们要操作两个数据库,所以配置两个datasource,两个sessionfactory。需要注意的是我们这里是JOTM和xapool实现的分布式事务。JOTM实现了TransactionManager的功能,xapool通过使用非XA数据库驱动实现了XA数据库驱动的效果,具体这个以后再写文章。这里连接池的配置按照上面的文档配置即可。

 

这里DAO层因为两个数据库所以配置了两个。在Service层可以选择一起注入或者单个注入。

 

下面配置事务

<bean id="jotm" class="com.sy.utils.JotmFactoryBean"/>  
  <bean id="jtaTransactionManager"  class="org.springframework.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionManager">   
     <property name="userTransaction" ref="jotm" />  
	</bean> 
	<tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="jtaTransactionManager">
		<tx:attributes>
			<!-- 传播行为 -->
			<tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED"  rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="create*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="select*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
		</tx:attributes>
	</tx:advice>
	<!-- 切面 -->
	<aop:config expose-proxy="true">
        <aop:pointcut id="bussinessService" expression="execution(* com.sy.service.*.*(..))" />
        <aop:advisor pointcut-ref="bussinessService" advice-ref="txAdvice"/>
    </aop:config>
     <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="jtaTransactionManager"/>  

  com.sy.utils.JotmFactoryBean需要手动实现,因为spring4.x不在提供JtaTransactionManager 的默认实现。

 

 

到这里JTA分布式事务的配置已经完成,下面我们看看Service层,和junit测试

@Service
public class CommonServiceImpl implements CommonService{
	
	/** serialVersionUID*/
	private static final long serialVersionUID = -5991777455696969065L;
	@Resource
	private CommonDao commonDao;
	@Resource
	private CommonDao commonDao2;
        //测试两个数据库的事务
	@Override
	public void saveTest() throws MyException {
		commonDao.update("update Dictionary set name=? where id=? ", new Value().add("货主类型").add(1l).getParams());
		commonDao2.update("delete Member where id>25");
                int i = 1/0; //这里异常,前面配置正确的话事务会回滚
	}

}

 

   因为这是一个公共的Service层,需要操作两个数据库,所以两个DAO一起注入。下面是Junit测试代码

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = {"classpath:spring/applicationContext-*.xml"})
public class TestSupport extends AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests {

        @Autowired
	private CommonService commonService;
	@Test
	public void save() throws MyException{
		commonService.saveTest();
	}
	public CommonService getCommonService() {
		return commonService;
	}
	public void setCommonService(CommonService commonService) {
		this.commonService = commonService;
	}


}

  运行结果如我们所料,事务回滚,OK!

 

下面是直接配置的方式,这种方式是一个老同事那边看到的。当时惊呼不用jta也能实现跨库事务啊。跟普通的单数据库项目配置一样,只是DataSource,SessionFactory,transactionmanager等都是两个。下面是配置

<!-- 数据库连接池 -->
	<bean id="dataSource1" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource"
		destroy-method="close">
		<property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}" />
		<property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}" />
		<property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
		<property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}" />
		<property name="maxActive" value="${jdbc.maxActive}" />
		<property name="minIdle" value="${jdbc.minIdle}" />
	</bean>
	<bean id="dataSource2" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource"
		destroy-method="close">
		<property name="url" value="${jdbc2.url}" />
		<property name="username" value="${jdbc2.username}" />
		<property name="password" value="${jdbc2.password}" />
		<property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc2.driver}" />
		<property name="maxActive" value="${jdbc2.maxActive}" />
		<property name="minIdle" value="${jdbc2.minIdle}" />
	</bean>
	<bean id="sessionFactory1"
		class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource1" />
		<property name="packagesToScan">
			<list>
				<value>com.sy.domain</value>
			</list>
		</property>
		<property name="hibernateProperties">
			<props>
				<prop key="hibernate.dialect">
					org.hibernate.dialect.OracleDialect
				</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.autoReconnect">true</prop>
				<!-- <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop> -->
			</props>
		</property>
	</bean>
	
	<bean id="sessionFactory2"
		class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource2" />
		<property name="packagesToScan">
			<list>
				<value>com.sy.domain</value>
			</list>
		</property>
		<property name="hibernateProperties">
			<props>
				<prop key="hibernate.dialect">
					org.hibernate.dialect.SQLServerDialect
				</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
				<prop key="hibernate.autoReconnect">true</prop>
				<!-- <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop> -->
			</props>
		</property>
	</bean>
	
	<bean id="commonDao" class="com.sy.dao.impl.CommonDaoImpl" >
		<property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory1"/>
	</bean>
	
	<bean id="commonDao2" class="com.sy.dao.impl.CommonDaoImpl" >
		<property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory2"/>
	</bean>
     <bean id="transactionManager1" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory1" />
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="transactionManager2" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory2" />
    </bean>
	
	<tx:advice id="txAdvice1" transaction-manager="transactionManager1">
		<tx:attributes>
			<!-- 传播行为 -->
			<tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED"  rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="create*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="select*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
		</tx:attributes>
	</tx:advice>
	
	<tx:advice id="txAdvice2" transaction-manager="transactionManager2">
		<tx:attributes>
			<!-- 传播行为 -->
			<tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED"  rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="create*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" rollback-for="com.sy.exceptions.MyException"/>
			<tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="select*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
			<tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
		</tx:attributes>
	</tx:advice>
	
	<!-- 切面 -->
	<aop:config expose-proxy="true">
        <aop:pointcut id="bussinessService1" expression="execution(* com.sy.service.*.*(..))" />
        <aop:advisor pointcut-ref="bussinessService1" advice-ref="txAdvice1"/>
    </aop:config>
    
    <aop:config expose-proxy="true">
        <aop:pointcut id="bussinessService2" expression="execution(* com.sy.service.*.*(..))" />
        <aop:advisor pointcut-ref="bussinessService2" advice-ref="txAdvice2"/>
    </aop:config>

  这里配置和普通单库配置基本一样,连接池也是自由选择。但是都是两个配置,spring4对多个事务配置也是支持的。测试代码和上面JTA配置的一样,不再给出。

  

 

 

 

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