Java农历(阴历)工具类

经常在一些项目中遇到客户提出对农历节日的支持,因此找了一些网络资料进行了一些调整,增加一些便捷方法。

 

 

package com.shanli.esms.server.util;

import java.text.ParseException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * 农历(阴历)工具类
 * 
 * @author 李升华
 * 
 */
public class LunarCalendar {
	private int year;// 农历年
	private int month;// 农历月
	private int day;// 农历日
	private boolean leap;// 农历闰年
	// 上面4个值在构造方法中根据传入日期计算所得

	/**
	 * 中文月名称
	 */
	final static String chineseNumber[] = { "一", "二", "三", "四", "五", "六", "七", "八", "九", "十", "十一", "十二" };
	/**
	 * 中文日期格式
	 */
	static SimpleDateFormat chineseDateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy年MM月dd日");
	/**
	 * 农历数据, 1901 ~ 2100 年之间正确
	 */
	final static long[] lunarInfo = new long[] { 0x04bd8, 0x04ae0, 0x0a570, 0x054d5, 0x0d260, 0x0d950, 0x16554,
			0x056a0, 0x09ad0, 0x055d2, 0x04ae0, 0x0a5b6, 0x0a4d0, 0x0d250, 0x1d255, 0x0b540, 0x0d6a0, 0x0ada2, 0x095b0,
			0x14977, 0x04970, 0x0a4b0, 0x0b4b5, 0x06a50, 0x06d40, 0x1ab54, 0x02b60, 0x09570, 0x052f2, 0x04970, 0x06566,
			0x0d4a0, 0x0ea50, 0x06e95, 0x05ad0, 0x02b60, 0x186e3, 0x092e0, 0x1c8d7, 0x0c950, 0x0d4a0, 0x1d8a6, 0x0b550,
			0x056a0, 0x1a5b4, 0x025d0, 0x092d0, 0x0d2b2, 0x0a950, 0x0b557, 0x06ca0, 0x0b550, 0x15355, 0x04da0, 0x0a5d0,
			0x14573, 0x052d0, 0x0a9a8, 0x0e950, 0x06aa0, 0x0aea6, 0x0ab50, 0x04b60, 0x0aae4, 0x0a570, 0x05260, 0x0f263,
			0x0d950, 0x05b57, 0x056a0, 0x096d0, 0x04dd5, 0x04ad0, 0x0a4d0, 0x0d4d4, 0x0d250, 0x0d558, 0x0b540, 0x0b5a0,
			0x195a6, 0x095b0, 0x049b0, 0x0a974, 0x0a4b0, 0x0b27a, 0x06a50, 0x06d40, 0x0af46, 0x0ab60, 0x09570, 0x04af5,
			0x04970, 0x064b0, 0x074a3, 0x0ea50, 0x06b58, 0x055c0, 0x0ab60, 0x096d5, 0x092e0, 0x0c960, 0x0d954, 0x0d4a0,
			0x0da50, 0x07552, 0x056a0, 0x0abb7, 0x025d0, 0x092d0, 0x0cab5, 0x0a950, 0x0b4a0, 0x0baa4, 0x0ad50, 0x055d9,
			0x04ba0, 0x0a5b0, 0x15176, 0x052b0, 0x0a930, 0x07954, 0x06aa0, 0x0ad50, 0x05b52, 0x04b60, 0x0a6e6, 0x0a4e0,
			0x0d260, 0x0ea65, 0x0d530, 0x05aa0, 0x076a3, 0x096d0, 0x04bd7, 0x04ad0, 0x0a4d0, 0x1d0b6, 0x0d250, 0x0d520,
			0x0dd45, 0x0b5a0, 0x056d0, 0x055b2, 0x049b0, 0x0a577, 0x0a4b0, 0x0aa50, 0x1b255, 0x06d20, 0x0ada0 };

	// ====== 传回农历 y年的总天数
	final private static int yearDays(int y) {
		int i, sum = 348;
		for (i = 0x8000; i > 0x8; i >>= 1) {
			if ((lunarInfo[y - 1900] & i) != 0)
				sum += 1;
		}
		return (sum + leapDays(y));
	}

	// ====== 传回农历 y年闰月的天数
	final private static int leapDays(int y) {
		if (leapMonth(y) != 0) {
			if ((lunarInfo[y - 1900] & 0x10000) != 0)
				return 30;
			else
				return 29;
		} else
			return 0;
	}

	// ====== 传回农历 y年闰哪个月 1-12 , 没闰传回 0
	final private static int leapMonth(int y) {
		return (int) (lunarInfo[y - 1900] & 0xf);
	}

	// ====== 传回农历 y年m月的总天数
	final private static int monthDays(int y, int m) {
		if ((lunarInfo[y - 1900] & (0x10000 >> m)) == 0)
			return 29;
		else
			return 30;
	}

	// ====== 传回农历 y年的生肖
	final public String animalsYear() {
		final String[] Animals = new String[] { "鼠", "牛", "虎", "兔", "龙", "蛇", "马", "羊", "猴", "鸡", "狗", "猪" };
		return Animals[(year - 4) % 12];
	}

	// ====== 传入 月日的offset 传回干支, 0=甲子
	final private static String cyclicalm(int num) {
		final String[] Gan = new String[] { "甲", "乙", "丙", "丁", "戊", "己", "庚", "辛", "壬", "癸" };
		final String[] Zhi = new String[] { "子", "丑", "寅", "卯", "辰", "巳", "午", "未", "申", "酉", "戌", "亥" };
		return (Gan[num % 10] + Zhi[num % 12]);
	}

	// ====== 传入 offset 传回干支, 0=甲子
	final public String cyclical() {
		int num = year - 1900 + 36;
		return (cyclicalm(num));
	}



	/**
	 * 构造一个表示当前日期的农历日历
	 */
	public LunarCalendar() {
		this(Calendar.getInstance());
	}

	/**
	 * 构造一个表示指定日期的农历日历
	 */
	public LunarCalendar(Date date) {
		this(date2calendar(date));
	}

	private static Calendar date2calendar(Date date) {
		Calendar tmpCale = Calendar.getInstance();
		tmpCale.setTime(date);
		return tmpCale;
	}

	/**
	 * 使用指定日历日期构造一个农历日历
	 * 
	 * @param cal
	 */
	public LunarCalendar(Calendar cal) {
		@SuppressWarnings("unused")
		int yearCyl, monCyl, dayCyl;
		int leapMonth = 0;
		Date baseDate = null;
		try {
			baseDate = chineseDateFormat.parse("1900年1月31日");
		} catch (ParseException e) {
		}

		// 求出和1900年1月31日相差的天数
		int offset = (int) ((cal.getTime().getTime() - baseDate.getTime()) / 86400000L);
		dayCyl = offset + 40;
		monCyl = 14;

		// 用offset减去每农历年的天数
		// 计算当天是农历第几天
		// i最终结果是农历的年份
		// offset是当年的第几天
		int iYear, daysOfYear = 0;
		for (iYear = 1900; iYear < 2050 && offset > 0; iYear++) {
			daysOfYear = yearDays(iYear);
			offset -= daysOfYear;
			monCyl += 12;
		}
		if (offset < 0) {
			offset += daysOfYear;
			iYear--;
			monCyl -= 12;
		}
		// 农历年份
		year = iYear;

		yearCyl = iYear - 1864;
		leapMonth = leapMonth(iYear); // 闰哪个月,1-12
		leap = false;

		// 用当年的天数offset,逐个减去每月(农历)的天数,求出当天是本月的第几天
		int iMonth, daysOfMonth = 0;
		for (iMonth = 1; iMonth < 13 && offset > 0; iMonth++) {
			// 闰月
			if (leapMonth > 0 && iMonth == (leapMonth + 1) && !leap) {
				--iMonth;
				leap = true;
				daysOfMonth = leapDays(year);
			} else
				daysOfMonth = monthDays(year, iMonth);

			offset -= daysOfMonth;
			// 解除闰月
			if (leap && iMonth == (leapMonth + 1))
				leap = false;
			if (!leap)
				monCyl++;
		}
		// offset为0时,并且刚才计算的月份是闰月,要校正
		if (offset == 0 && leapMonth > 0 && iMonth == leapMonth + 1) {
			if (leap) {
				leap = false;
			} else {
				leap = true;
				--iMonth;
				--monCyl;
			}
		}
		// offset小于0时,也要校正
		if (offset < 0) {
			offset += daysOfMonth;
			--iMonth;
			--monCyl;
		}
		month = iMonth;
		day = offset + 1;
	}

	/**
	 * 获得表示农历年月日的日期对象
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public Date getDate() {
		Calendar calendar = Calendar.getInstance();
		calendar.set(Calendar.YEAR, year);
		calendar.set(Calendar.MONTH, month - 1);
		calendar.set(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, day);
		return calendar.getTime();
	}

	public static String getChinaDayString(int day) {
		String chineseTen[] = { "初", "十", "廿", "卅" };
		int n = day % 10 == 0 ? 9 : day % 10 - 1;
		if (day > 30)
			return "";
		if (day == 10)
			return "初十";
		else
			return chineseTen[day / 10] + chineseNumber[n];
	}

	public String toString() {
		return year + "年" + (leap ? "闰" : "") + chineseNumber[month - 1] + "月" + getChinaDayString(day);
	}

}

 示例:

			if (isLunarCalendar) {// 是农历,但不是今天则忽略
				LunarCalendar lc = new LunarCalendar();
				String lunarToday = dataFmt.format(lc.getDate());
				if (!lunarToday.equals(holiday)) {
					continue;
				}
			} else if (!today.equals(holiday)) {// 不是农历,也不是今天则忽略
				continue;
			}
 
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