Alien Numbers
Problem

The decimal numeral system is composed of ten digits, which we represent as "0123456789" (the digits in a system are written from lowest to highest). Imagine you have discovered an alien numeral system composed of some number of digits, which may or may not be the same as those used in decimal. For example, if the alien numeral system were represented as "oF8", then the numbers one through ten would be (F, 8, Fo, FF, F8, 8o, 8F, 88, Foo, FoF). We would like to be able to work with numbers in arbitrary alien systems. More generally, we want to be able to convert an arbitrary number that's written in one alien system into a second alien system.

Input

The first line of input gives the number of cases, N . N test cases follow. Each case is a line formatted as

alien_number source_language target_language

Each language will be represented by a list of its digits, ordered from lowest to highest value. No digit will be repeated in any representation, all digits in the alien number will be present in the source language, and the first digit of the alien number will not be the lowest valued digit of the source language (in other words, the alien numbers have no leading zeroes). Each digit will either be a number 0-9, an uppercase or lowercase letter, or one of the following symbols !"#\$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^_{|}~

Output

For each test case, output one line containing "Case #x : " followed by the alien number translated from the source language to the target language.

Limits

1 ≤ N ≤ 100.

Small dataset

1 ≤ num digits in alien_number ≤ 4, 2 ≤ num digits in source_language ≤ 10, 2 ≤ num digits in target_language ≤ 10.

Large dataset

1 ≤ alien_number (in decimal) ≤ 1000000000, 2 ≤ num digits in source_language ≤ 94, 2 ≤ num digits in target_language ≤ 94.

Sample

 Input Output 4  9 0123456789 oF8 Foo oF8 0123456789 13 0123456789abcdef 01 CODE O!CDE? A?JM!.  Case #1: Foo Case #2: 9 Case #3: 10011 Case #4: JAM! 

#include <iostream>

#include <fstream>

#include <iterator>

using namespace std;

//A helper function to improve performance of power, basically copied from <stl_numeric.h> of SGI STL

inline long power(long x, long n)

{

if(n == 0) return 1;

else

{

while((n & 1) == 0)

{

n >>= 1;

x *= x;

}

long y = x;

n >>=1;

while(n != 0)

{

x *= x;

if((n & 1) != 0)

y *= x;

n >>=1;

}

return y;

}

}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])

{

//Only for memerizing usage for myself

if(argc != 3)

{

cout << "Usage: nstrans INPUT_FILE OUTPUT_FILE" << endl;

return 0;

}

ifstream fin(argv[1]); //!!

ofstream fout(argv[2]); //!!

//How many cases in total?

int case_max;

fin >> case_max;

fin.ignore(); // ''

string source_number;

string source_language;

string target_language;

string target_number;

int source_digits; //How many digits in source_number?

int source_base; //How many digits in source_language?

int target_base; //How many digits in target_language?

long num; //alien number in demical, since it's less than 1000000000, it's in long's range----assert(sizeof(long) >= 4)

char tmp; //for storing a temp char

for(int cur_case = 1; cur_case <= case_max; cur_case++)

{

//some cleanup

num = 0;

source_number = source_language = target_language = target_number = "";

//tear the case apart

while((tmp = fin.get()) != ' ') source_number += tmp; //!!

while((tmp = fin.get()) != ' ') source_language += tmp; //!!

while((tmp = fin.get()) != '') target_language += tmp; //!!

//

source_digits = source_number.length();

source_base = source_language.length();

target_base = target_language.length();

int e; //exponent

//source number to decimal value

for(e = 0; e < source_digits; e++)

{

num += source_language.find((source_number[source_digits-1 - e])) * power(source_base, e);

}

#ifdef MY_DEBUG

cout << source_number << ' ' << num <<' ';

#endif

//decimal value to target number(reversal order)

e = 1;

while(num > 0)

{

target_number += target_language[num % target_base];

num /= target_base;

}

fout << "Case #" << cur_case << ": ";

//reverse the target number and output

ostream_iterator<char> foutit(fout);

copy(target_number.rbegin(), target_number.rend(), foutit);

fout << endl;

#ifdef MY_DEBUG

ostream_iterator<char> outit(cout);

copy(target_number.rbegin(), target_number.rend(), outit);

cout << endl;

#endif

}

return 0;

}`