英语听力突破掌上宝Talking

· 本版教程为毕克所著目的是初级的口语,包含大量中等程度的单词和必须脱口而出的句子,是重中之重. 脱口背诵 借助于金山词霸矫正发音

· 学习要求是,每天学习1小时.建议在学习本教材的同时学习

· VOCABULARY 22000.doc 学习要求是脱口背诵

· Reading feeds.doc 学习要求是熟读

· [Computer Networks] by Andrew S.Tanenbaum. 学习要求是脱口背诵

· 学完上述4项,应可完成英语素质教育,开始转换命运,不再自欺欺人

· 我发誓,有生之年考取MCSE MCSD CCIE 以及 Ph.D for Major in Interconnection Engineering. My Buddha almighty !

Liyang's ListenStuff Sorted

Chapter One



My name is Li Yang.I graduated from Lanzhou University and majored Mechanical Engineering.I was once a poor student of English,and it was my biggest headache and trouble-maker.I got sick and tired of learning boring grammar rules and lifeless words.But through hard work in practicing speaking English and breaking away from the traditional grammar games,I found myself a totally different and exciting new world.Not only did I pass Band four and Band six College English Exams very easily with high marks,but importantly,I began to use English.

Finally,I developed a new Language Cracking System myself,I began to teach German not long after I started to learn this terribly difficult language in my own way.It was a miracle but I made it.To speak good English,I think one year of study should be enough for any dilligent and interligent person.

I'd like to share my learning techniques with you,and I will be very glad to answer your letters and be your friend.

Chapter Two



An Awkward Situation

A woman was singing.One of the guests turned to a man by his side and criticized the singer.

"What a terrible voice!"he said."Do you know who she is?"

"Yes."was the answer,"She is my wife."

"Oh,I beg your pardon,"the man said."Of course her voice isn't bad,but the song is very bad.I wondered who wrote that awful song?"

"I did."was the answer.



A letter

Dear Mother,

I'm writing to you from our hotel at Hawaii Beach.Stone and I am on vacation with the children for a few days. We're happy to be here, but to tell the truth, we're having a few problems.

The weather isn't very good. In fact, it's cold and cloudy. Right now I'm looking out the windows and it's raining cats and dogs.

The children aren't very happy. In fact, they're bored and they're having a terrible time. Right now they're sitting on the bed, playing cards and watching TV.

The restaurants here are expansive, and the food isn't very good. In fact, Stone is at the doctor's office right now. He's having problems with his stomach.

All the other hotels here are beautiful and new. Our hotel is ugly, and it's very, very old. In fact, right now a repairman is in our bathroom fixing the toilet.

As you can see, Mother, we're having a few problems here at Hawaii Beach, but we're happy. We're happy to be on vacation, and we're happy to be together.

See you soon.



Love Makes the World Go Round

What's wrong, Stone? Why are you so upset?

It's those new neighbors of ours. They play their stereo so loud at night that I can't sleep.

I've had it. I'm going to go over there and give them a piece of my mind!

Hold it! You won't accomplish anything by hollering at them. You're all worked up now. Why not wait until you cool down a bit? Don't you know that love makes the world go round?

I agree that the world would be a better place to live if people respected and loved each other, But right now...

Not another word! Let's try it my way. I'll bake some cookies, and later on we'll take them next door and introduce ourselves. We can casually mention the problem after we get to know our new neighbors, I'm sure they'll cooperate.



Asking about Likes and Dislikes

What do you think of Chinese fiction?

I like it --- especiallly books by Wang Shuo

Do you like detective stories?

Not much. They're all the same.

What about non-fiction?

I like to read biographies.

What do you think of that new book about George Bush?

I'm afraid I haven't read it yet.

What about music? Do you like music?

Yeah---POP Music.

What do you think of classical music?

I listen to some of it

What about modern jazz?

Modern jazz ? I can't stand modern jazz!

Stating Obligations

Why don't we go to a movie tonight?

I'd love to but I can't. I have to study.

But it's just a couple of hours.

No.I have a French test tomorrow morning. I have no choice. I have to study.

Can I help?

I don't think so. First I have to memorize some irregular verbs... then I have to read 20 pages of my grammar book.

Oh, your teacher must be a monster to give you all that works.

No.It's my fault. He told us about the test three weeks ago. I've been procrastinating...now I have to study!

Offering

Would you like some tea?

Yes please.

I'll plug the Kettle in. Would you like something to eat?

O.K.Would you like to watch some television?

No.Not really.

Would you like to listen to the radio?

Not particularly.

Would you like to listen to some records?

Oh yes! Um...I'm very fond of Mozart.

I don't have any Mozart.Would you like to listen to some Michael Jackson?

I guess so.

Apologizing

Miss Jones...Did you type those letters I gave you?

I'm sorry, Mr.White.I forgot.

Did you file those reports?

No, sir. I'm terribly sorry. I do apologize.

Did you make those phone calls?

I'm really sorry, I didn't...but I will soon.

Well, did you make those photocopies I gave you the day before esterday?

I'm sorry, Mr.White.I'm afraid I forgot.

And that fax to China?

I've lost it. I'm really sorry.

Complaining

Yes, sir. Can I help you?

I bought a television set here last week and now it doesn't work. I want my money back.

Do you have the warranty?

No.I've lost it.

Sorry, sir. We must have the warranty.

But this is ridiculous. You sold me the set...

What is the matter with it?

I don't know. When I turn it on, there's no picture and a strange smell. Can you fix it?

I'm afraid we don't do repairs here.

No repairs? This is unacceptable. I want my money back.

We don't give refunds.

But this is outrageous! My-YOUR-TV set doesn't work.

Bring the set in and we'll send it to Japan for repair. Without the warranty, you'll have to pay. It'll take three weeks.

Three weeks! That just won't do. I'll miss the football finals.

We can rent you another set while your old set is being repaired. The charge is twenty dollars a week.

Twenty dollars a week! That's outrageous! Let me speak to the manager.

I AM the manager.

Giving Advice

I can't decide whether to go to university or get a job. What do you think?

Well, you shouldn't neglect your education. If I were you, I'd continue studying.

I don't even know what I want to study.

If I were you, I'd study English.You're good at English.You could be an English teacher.

That's what my parents want me to do.

You shouldn't ignore their advice. They want what's best for you.

But my friends will have jobs and lots of fun while I spend all my time studying.

But if you go to university, you'll still have time for fun. And with a part-time job, you should have some money too.

What you say makes sense.

If I were you, that's what I'd do.

Expressing Regret

Why do you look so sad?

I failed my English examination.

Oh, that's too bad.

If only...if only...if only...

If only what?

If only I had passed!

Take it easy! Was it really difficult?

Not really...but I didn't study enough. I wish...I wish

I wish what?

I wish I had studied more!

Take it easy!

If only I had studied more! Oh!

Take it easy... take it easy.

Worrying

Let's have a party

Oh no...no no.

Oh, come on.

What if it's a boring party?

It won't be.

What if no one comes?

Of course they will.

What if the neighbours complain about the noise?

We'll invite the neighbours!Hey,let's have the party outside.

What if it rains!?

Don't worry.

Chapter Three

In this section of the test, you will have an opportunity to demonstrate your ability to understand spoken English. There are three parts to this section, with special directions for each part.

Part A

Directions: for each question in Part A, you will hear a short sentence. Each sentence will be spoken just one time .The sentences you hear will not be written out for you. Therefore, you must listen carefully to understand what the speaker says.

After you hear a sentence, read the four choices in your test book, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D), and decide which one is closeset in meaning to the sentence you heard. Then, on your answer sheet, find sentence you heard. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.

Example I

You will hear:

You will read:

(a) Mary outswam the others.

(b) Mary ought to swim with them.

(c) Mary and he friends swam to the island.

(d) Mary's friends owned the island.

The speaker said,"Mary swam out to the island with her friends."Sentence (C),"Mary and her friends swam to the island."Is closest in meaning to the sentence you heard. Therefore, you should choose answer (C).

Example II

You will hear:

You will read:

(a) Please remind me to read this book.

(b) Could you help me carry these books?

(c) I don't mind if you help me.

(d) Do you have a heavy course load this term?

The speaker said "Would you mind helping me with this load of books?"Sentence (B),"Could you help me carry these books?" is closest in meaning to the sentence you heard. There fore, you should choose answer (B).

Part B

Directions: In Part B you will hear short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a third person will ask a question about what was said. You will hear each conversation and question about it just one time. Therefore, you must listen carefully to understand what each speaker says. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers in your test book and decide which one is the best answer to the question you heard. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

Look at the following example.

You will hear:

You will read:

(a) Present Professor Smith with a picture.

(b) Photograph Professor Smith.

(c) Put glass over the photograph.

(d) Replace the broken headlight.

From the conversation you learn that the woman thinks Professor Smith would like a photograph of the class. The best answer to the question"What does the woman think the class should do?" is (a),"Present Professor Smith with a picture." These fore, you should choose answer (a).

Chapter Four

Part A

Britain's Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is in Japan on an Asian tour that will include visits to China and India. Mrs.Thatcher met briefly with Japanese Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki shortly after she arrived in Tokyo.She assured him that the Western alliance remains strong despite the disagreement between the U.S and Western Europ over supplying equipment for the Soviet gas pipeline. The 2 leaders will meet a gain on Monday.Talks are expected to cover the pipeline issue, policies towards the Soviet Union and China, trade, and the future of Hongkong.Mrs.Thatcher's six-day visit to Japan is the first by a British prime minister in 10 years.

What countries will Mrs.Thatcher visit on her Asian tour?

China, Japan and India.

Which country is she visiting now?

Japan.

How long will she stay in that country?

6 days.

With whom did she meet briefly in Tokyo?

Prime Minister Zenko Suzuki.

What are the two leaders expected to talk about when they meet again?

They will talk about the policy toward China and the future of Hongkong.

Part B

The most senior officaial of the Reagan administration to visit China, Vice-President George Bush, has arrived in the southeastern Chinese city of Hangchow.U.S-Chinese relations, he said, are strong, sound and fundamental. The Vice-President told reporters he hopes to play a major role in reducing misunderstandings between Washington and Peking over U.S.military equiment sales to Taiwan.

Who is George Bush?

Vice President of the U.S.

Which city in China is he visiting now?

Hangchow.

What did he say about U.S.-Chinese relations?

U.S.-Chinese relations are strong, sound and fundamental.

What does he hope to do about U.S.military equipment sales to Taiwan?

He hopes to play a major role in reducing misunderstandings between Washington and Peking over U.S. arms sales to Taiwan.

Chapter Five

What would you have done last night if ou hadn't had to study?

I would have gone on the picnic if it hadn't rained.

If you had gotten up earlier, you would have had time for breakfast.

If I had had time, I would have called you.

Would he have seen you if you hadn't waved to him?

If he had only had enough money, he would have bought that house.

I wish you had called me back the next day, as I had asked you to.

If you hadn't slipped and fallen,you wouldn't have broken your leg.

If I had known you wanted to go. I would have called you.

Had I known you didn't have a key, I wouldn't have locked the door.

She would have gone with me, but she didn't have time.

If I had asked for directions, I wouldn't have gotten lost.

Even if we could have taken a vacation, we might not have wanted to.

Everything would have been all right if you hadn't said that.

Looking back on it, I wish we hadn't given in so easily.

Chapter Senven

The Fourth of July Celebration

This Friday, Americans will celebrate the Fourth of July-Independence Day in the United States. A holiday will mark 210 years of independence. As in past years, July Fourth will be a day of traditional parades, speeches and firework shows. In addition some very special ceremonies will be held this year. The ceremonies will honor one of America's most famus sights: the Statue of Liberty.

The Statue of Liberty stands on an island in New York harbor. It was a gift to the pople of the United States from the people of France. The purpose of the gift was to mark the alliance between American colonists and the French during America's war for independence.

The Statue of Liberty was completed 100 years ago, just in time for the July Fourth holiday in 1886. During the years since then, the statue's metal parts became weak. A project was begun to repair it. Many people and companies gave money to the project. They did not want to see this symbol of America fall apart.

Now, the repair work is done… just in time for this year's July Fourth holiday. In some ways, the Fourth of July celebration has remained much the same since Americans first began observing the day. Most Americans see it as huge birthday party - a party for the nation.

But the parades, speeches and even the fireworks have a more serious purpose. They help citizens remember the events that led to American independence from Britain.

Senior English for High school for China,Specially for Mr Bitao

Unit 1 Disneyland

Lesson 1



Carl has left San Francisco and is now working at Disneyland. He is answering visitors’ questions.

A: Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to the Sleeping Beauty Castle?

C: Yes. Go straight ahead till you see the entrance. It’s about four hundred

yards down this street.

B: Excuse me. How can I get to Bear Country?

C: Do you see the big gate over there?

B: Yes.

C: Go through the gate and you’ll find the entrance to Bear Country on the other side.

B: Thanks very much.

D: Excuse me . Are the horse-drawn streetcars free?

C: Yes, they’re free. But there’s usually a long line. You can join the line behind the clock tower.

D: Where is the Tomorrow Land Building?

C: The Tomorrow Land Building? It's behind the Sleeping Beauty Castle.

Just take this street round to the right of the castle. It’s about 400 yards from here.

E: Excuse me , please. Where’s the nearest men’s room?

C: Go down this street till you get to the clock tower.

Then you’ll see the sign for the rest room.



Lesson 2



Read the passage and answer this question:How did Disney get the idea for his first cartoon character?

Walt Disney

Walt Disney, the great film-maker, was born in Chicago in 1901. Disney’s greatest wish was to be a famous artist. When he was a young man, he went to a newspaper office in Kansas City where he was living. He had some friends who worked in the office there. He took along some of his pictures in the hope of getting a job there. However, he had no luck. They looked at his pictures and said, “Sorry, young man. We don’t think there is anything of interest in your pictures.”

Disney’s friends tried to encourage him. Don’t worry, Walt. We like your pictures. They’re very good. We ‘re sure you’ll be well-known as an artist before long.”

Disney did not lose heart. He continued to draw lots of pictures. His family was poor and he used to sit in the family garage and draw pictures there. One day a mouse came into the garage and played on the floor. Disney stopped drawing and watched the mouse. The mouse came towards him, so he gave the mouse a piece of bread. Then the mouse came and sat on his desk. Day after day the mouse came back and was given more bread. In this way over several days the artist and his mouse became good friends.

Some years later, Disney moved to the west coast of the USA. He tried to get work as an artist, but still he was unsuccessful. One day he remembered the mouse that used to come out in his father’s garage. He picked up his pencil and started to draw. Day after day he experimented and drew different pictures of the mouse that he had known. At last he was pleased with one of his pictures of the mouse. He called it Mickey Mouse.

Disney’s success as a cartoon-marker had begun. He soon drew other cartoon characters like Donald Duck and during the 1920s and the 1930s he made scores of cartoons about them. These cartoons were all short ones. Before the days of television, They used to be shown in cinemas all over the country before the main film was shown. Later Walt Disney made longer films. All of them were liked very much by children. Disney died in 1966. But the studios which he started are still busy today, producing more and more interesting films.

One (A) plays a newspaper reporter. One of others (B) plays the famous cartoon-maker - Walt Disney. Well, A is asking the following questions.

i. May I ask you when and where you were born, Mr Disney?

ii. Could you tell me what kind of family you were born in? What was your father’s job? What did your mother do?

iii. What were you most interested in when you were young?

iv. Did you think you would be a famous artist as a young man

v. When did you become well-known as a cartoon-maker?

vi. What’s your plan for the future?



Talk about the following pictures in pairs.





Lesson 3

Disneyland



The company that Walt Disney started does not just make films. In 1955 Walt Disney himself opened the first Disney park. This was Disneyland in Los Angeles on the west coast of the USA. Later, Disney World was opened on the east coast, in Florida, in 1971. It cost between $550 and $600 million to build.

Tokyo Disneyland opened in Japan in 1983, and Europe Disney opened in France in 1992.

All the Disney parks are operated by the same company. The workers have very strict orders. They must wear clean shoes and clean trousers. The men are not allowed to have beards. If the workers have long hair, it must be tied back. They always smile, and are always friendly and polite to visitors. The parks are the cleanest parks that you can imagine.

In Disneyland you can find all the characters from Walf Disney’s films. The Sleeping Beauty Castle is a favourite place for visitors. You get a wonderful view from the top of the tower. You can see as far as the coast. Many of the streets in Disneyland are built to look like streets in the USA in the 1890s. People walk around wearing ninetenth-century clothes.

The Tomorrow Land is very interesting. You can go inside a spaceship and drive one too. In the Future House, everything is worked by the computer.

If you press one button, a machine cuts the grass in the garden. If you press

another, your meal is prepared and heated for you; then it is brought on along a very small railway line to your seat in front of you television so that you don’t even have to stand up when you get what you need.

I considered that the park was good value for the money.

May I ask you where you were born?

Useful expressions

i. Take along

ii. In the hope of

iii. Lose heart

iv. Day after day

v. Bring on

Unit 2 No smoking, please!

Lesson 5



Wang Bing has just started working at a film studio. He’s in Hank’s office.

Wang Bing: Do you mind if I smoke?

Hank: I’m sorry, but it’s not allowed.

Wang Bing: Would yo mid if I smoked in the office next door?

Hank: I’m afraid all these offices are non-smoking offices.

Wang Bing: Oh dear! Where can I go if I want to smoke a cigarette?

Hank: You can smoke in the entrance hall. Or outside, of course.

Wang Bing: Thanks. I wonder if I could use your phone.

Hank: Sure. Go ahead.

A: May I borrow your bicycle?

B: I’m sorry.

A: It’s very important.

B: Why ?

A: I need to fetch a tape from a friend. I’ll be back in half an hour.

B: Oh, all right.

Lesson 6



Read the passage to see if these sentences are true:

Chinese people smoke more than British people.

In Britain more women smoke than men.



No smoking, please 1

At present about 38% of the Chinese population smoke. 89% of smokers are male.Every year, millions of smokers die because of illnesses which are caused by smoking tobacco.The Chinese government receives a lot of money from sales of tobacco; in 1989 it received about 24 billion yuan. But in the same year cigarette smoking cost the government even more money, about 28 billion yuan. Smokers cost the government ment a lot of money for two reasons. First, money is spent looking after people with illnesses which have been caused by smoking. Second, many fires are caused by smokers. People who smoke in bed often fall asleep while they are smoking. The bed clothes catch fire and the whole house may be burnt down. China produces one third of the world’s cigarettes. Each day, about 220 million packets of cigarettes are smoked by Chinese. This is good news for the tobacco campanies, but bad news for the health of the nation. Every year, tobacco companies must persuade new people to start smoking cigarettes. This is because each year millions of smokers die from the habit.

In Britain, which has a population of only 58 million people, 110,000 people die from smoking each year. The chance is that one smoker in four will die from smokig.

In Britain,sales of cigarettes have been reduced by 30% in the last ten years. Just under a third of the population now smokes, about 17 million people. In the 16-19 age group,32% of women smoke, compared to 28% of men. However, in the 20-24 age group, 39% of women smoke and 38% of men. The problem is that 300 people are dying each day from illnesses caused by smoking. Therefore, if the tobacco companies want to remain in business, they have to encourage more young people to start smoking.



Lesson 7



No smoking, please 2

In Britain, 70% of smokers say that they would like to stop smoking and of these smokers,83% have tried more than once to give it up. Why do smokers continue to smoke, even when they know that the habit may kill them or at least cause a serious illness? The problem with tobacco is that it contains a drug called nicotine. Nicotine is a drug that gets one into the habit of smoking. That means that once you start taking the drug, it is hard to stop.

When smokers who are used to nicotine go without it for an hour or two, they begin to feel bad. The body is calling for a new supply of the drug nicotine. So they say “ I must have a cigarette. In fact, they don’t need a cigarette. All they need is something to make them feel better at that moment. One thing that will stop them feeling bad is the drug nicotine, which is contained in cigarettes. And so their habit of smoking continues.



Grammar Noun Clauses as the Object and Predicative

They know that the habit may kill them.

The problem with tobacco is that it contains a drug called nicotine.

Useful expressions

1. Go ahead

2. Burn down

3. Compared to

4. Give up

5. Be used to

6. Get into the habit of

7. Compare with



Unit 3 Body Language



Lesson 9

The organizer of a conference is meeting one of the speakers at the airport.

Mr Lee: Hello. You must be Dr Yang. How do you do? My name’s David Lee.

Dr Yang: How do you do?

Mr Lee: It’s a pleasure to meet you. Can I take those boxes for you?

Dr Yang: Thanks. That’s very kind.

Mr Lee: What about your bag? Would you like me to carry it?

Dr Yang: No,thanks. I can manage it myself.

At the hotel

Mr Lee: Is there anything else I can do for you?

Dr Yang: No, thank you. Thanks for all your help.

Mr Lee: It’s a pleasure. I’ll see your tomorrow.



Can I help you?

Thanks. OR It’s call right, thank you.

Shall I help you?

Yes, please. OR I can manage.

Would you like some help?

Thank you for your help. OR No, thanks. I can manage myself.(S1)

Would you like me to do this for you?

That’s very nice of you. OR S1

Is there anything else I can do for you?

That’s very kind. OR S1



Would you like some help?

Yes, please.

Shall I show you how to use this electrical typewriter?

Thanks. I haven’t used this one before.

Would you like me to type your composition for you?

No. Thanks. I can manage it myself.



Lesson 10



Read the passage and answer this question: Do the Chinese and British have similar body language ?





Body Language 1

Although we may not realize it, when we talk with others we make ourselves understood not just by words. We send messages to the people around us also by our expressions and body movements. A smile and handshake show welcome. Waving one’s hand is to say “Goodbye”. Nodding the head means agreement, while shaking it means disagreement. These gestures ate accepted both by Chinese and English speakers as having the same meanings.

But not all body language means the same thing in different countries. Take nodding the head for example. In some Asian countries it means not “Yes” but “No”.

In many countries in the world, men kiss each other when they meet, for example in Russia, France, Arab countries and some of the South American countries. Men do not kiss each other in either China or English -speaking countries. In Britain, older people usaually shake hands when they meet someone for the first time; however,young people often do not shake hands. In France, it is the custom to shake hands with people in the office every morning. French people kiss each other hello and goodbye more often than British people.

Generally, people from English-speaking countries do not touch each other very much. If you touch an English person, you should say “Sorry”. Scientists have done some research on “Touch” in different countries. They watched pairs of people who were sitting in college coffee-shops for at least an hour. They counted the number of times that the people touched each other: England-0; USA-2; France-10;Puerto Rico-180.

In some Asian countries, you must not touch the head of another person. In Arab countries, you eat using the fingers of your right hand; the left hand is not used at all. In parts of Asia you must not sit with your feet pointing at another person. Foreigners should follow these customs when they are visiting these countries.



Lesson 11

Body Language 2

It is good manners for an Arab to stand close to his friend when they are talking. But English people do not like to be too close to one another unless there is a reason. It could be very interesting to watch an Arab and an Englishman talking together. The Arab who is friendly will stand close to his friend,but the Englishman will move back in order to keep a certain distance away. When they finish their talk, the two may be quite a distance from the place where they were standing.

People from the United States or Arab countries stand closer than people from Britain when they are talking together. City people in Britain and the United States stand closer than those who live in the country.

When one uses a foreign language, it is important to know the meanings of gestures and movements in the foreign country. Using body language in a correct way will help communicate with people and make the stay in a foreign country easy and comfortable.



Grammar The Infinitive

They don’t like to be too close to one another.

They will move back to keep a certain distance away.

Would you like me to do something for you?

Haveyou got anything to say?

It is a pleasure to meet you.

Waving one’s hand is to say “Goodbye”.

I don’t know how to communicate with foreigners.

Unit4 Newspapers

Lesson 13

Betty and Zhou Lan are talking in the students’ dining room.

Betty: Zhou Lan, can I have a look at your copy of China Daily?

Zhou Lan: Soure,go ahead.

Betty: I want to have a look at what’s on this weekend. Let me see now.

Zhou Lan: Is there anything good on?

Betty: “The Red Roses” are giving a performance at the People’s Theatre. Do you know what they are?

Zhou Lan: They’re a pop group. They’re said to be very good. What time does the performance start?

Betty: 7 p.m. Will you be free then?

Zhou Lan: Yes, I’ll be free. I’d like to go.

Betty: Let’s go together then. I’ll meet you at the theatre at six-thirty.

Zhou Lan: Good! See you then. Bye.



Work in groups of four. Ask each other these questions. Then report your answers to the rest of the class.

Which newspapers and magazines do you read?

Which newspapers and magazines do you buy?

Which part of the newspaper do you find most interesting?

Which part of the newspaper do you find least interesting?



Read the passage to find

Read the passage to find answers to these questions:

What does an editor do?

What do journalists do?

Lesson 14

How a newspaper in produced

Every morning, the newspaper chief editor holds a meeting with the journalists. They discuss the main events of the day. Reporters are then sent to cover the events.

As soon as the reporters know what to write about, they get down to work. They telephoe people and fix a time for a face to face intreview with them. Sometimes they do telephone interviews. Checking information is very important. They go to the newspaper’s own library to look up any information that they need. This is called “doing one’s homework”.

At the same time, the picture editor decides which photographs are needed for the next day’s paper. Photographers are then sent to take the pictures. Sometimes old ones are used from the newspaper’s own icture librar. Doing this can save a lot of time and money.

All the people who work on a newspaper must be able to work fast. For example, there might be a big fire, or an important person might die. In this situation, everyone has to move fast. Journalists have to stop working on one story and start working immediately on the important new one. They must find out the new information as quickly as possible. A photographer is sent immediately to take photographs.

Later in the day, everything is put together at the news desk. Reporters return, type their stories into the computer and hand them to the editor. Photographers return and the photos are quickly developed.

The chief editor decides which will be the most important story on the front page. Sometimes this will have to be changed if something more important happens late in the day. Other editors read the stories which the reporters have written and make any necessary changes. They also write the headlines for each story. Doing this is more difficult in English than in Chinese. In English space for the headlines they have written.

Finally,there is no more time left for adding new stories, and the time for printing the newspaper has come. This is done on fast-moving printing machines. The newspapers are then delivered by lorry, plane or rail. Speed is important. People want to buy the latest newspaper; nobody wants to buy yesterday’s.

Lesson 15



China Daily

China has its own English language newspaper, China Daily, which is published in Beijing. It appears from Monday to Saturday with a Sunday edition of Business Weekly each week. It has all the usual sections of a newspaper, including Home News - news about China, International News - news from abroad, Business News, Travel News and Sports News

There are plenty of pictures, and a weather report every day. There are reports on new plays, movies,books,new restaurants and so on. There are also longer articles about businesses, or people with interesting jobs, or about the weekend and the TB programmes in the coming week.

China Daily has plenty of advertisements, which help to cut the costs of making the newspaper. There are advertisements for computer companies, businesses, hotels, airlines, travel companies, jobs and so on.

Many foreigners like to read this newspaper. It is also popular with students of English, who read it in order to improve their English. Sun Yao, a student of English, Sun Yao, a student of English in Beijing, said,”I like reading China Daily. Learning new words and useful expressions is very important for me, so I read it every day. I can see how English is used in everyday life as well. Besides, I enjoy learning about news things from politics to sports and music.”

Pairwork. Join the two halves to make sentences.









Powerlisten CDROM Feed

Movies dribs and drabs

史瓦辛格

[File : tr0.avi]

Oh,hello!

Hello! I thought I'd see you again, I just didn't know it would be do soon.

What's the point of waiting?

I agree.

So, you said your clients are looking for something for the lobby of the new property headquarters?

Yes, they would like something very dramatic.

That's a nice piece. And I talked to a number of people.

And they all said you're the one to see.

Really? Checking on me? So.. What did these people say about me exactly?

For example, they said you can read ancient Sanskirt without having to know the sounds of the words, and other art dealers and acheologists don't readlly like you very much.

It's just because I can use my diplomatic contacts to export cultural treasures from countries which tell them to take a hide.

The most of our pieces come from ancient Persia unfortunately ancient Persia sets twenty feet under the sand of Iran, Iraq and Syria, not the most popular places with us.

So I had to become an expert in international diplomacy. Well, Mr.Ranker? Do you see anything you like? Maybe.

辛特勒

[ File: xi.avi ]

The unconditional surrender of Germany has just been announced. At midnight tonight, the war is over. Tomorrow you will begin the process of looking for suriors of your families. In most cases, you won't find them. After six long years of murder, victims have been mourned throughout the world. We survived. Many of you have come up to me and thanks me. Thank youselves. Thank your fearless Stan and others among you who worried about you but faced death at every moment. I am a member of the Nazi Party. I am a munitions manufacturer. I am a profiteer of slave labor. I am A criminal. At midnight, you will be free and I will be hunted.I will remain with you until Five minutes after midnight, after which time and I hope you'll forgive me and I have to flee. I know you have received orders from our commandant, for he has recieved from his superiors, to dispose of the population of this camp. Now would be the time to do it. Here they are. They are all here. This is your opportunity. Or, you could leave, and return to your families as men, instead of murderers.

闻香识女人

[File:We0.avi]

Charlie, ah, we are here, come on up.

This is Donny.

Hey, Charlie.

Hi, Erm, Mrs.Rossy, I guess I finished screwed up.

Oh, you couldn't have.

That's a bad interview.

That was no interview, Charlie, you're in. You're the only one that showed up.You have to take the job. He sleep a lot, you can watch television and call your girl friend,…I promise you easy 300 bucks.

I don't get an easy feeling.

His bark is worse than his bite. You know, he's a great soldier, a real hero. The man grows on you By Sunday night you'll be best friends. Charlie, please. I want to get away with my husband for a few days, nor could Franco come with us. Six months ago he could some times tell light from dark, but now there's nothing. I just feel, better to have someone else around, just in case. Please ?

OK, Mrs.Rossy, sure.

[File:We1.avi]

Mr.Simpson, I'm not quite through with you yet. One of the few purposes of this office is that I am empowered to handle certain matters on my own as I see fit. Do you unerstand?

Yes, sir.

Good. The Dean of Admissions of Harvard and I havean arrangement. Along with usual sheet of applicants submitted by Baird of which a fortunate two-thirds are guaranteed admittance, I add one name: somebody who is a standout and yet underpriviledged, still cannot afford to pay the board and tuition in Cambridge. Do you know on whose behalf I arafted the memo this year?

No, I…

You. You, Mr.Simpson. Now can you tell me who did it?

No, sir I can't.

You take the weekend to thin about it, Mr.Simpson. Good afternoon.

[File:We2.avi]

Sit down, Mr.Slay.

I'm not finished. As I came in here I heard those words: Cradle of leadership. Well, when the bough breaks, the cradle will fall, and it has fallen here. It has fallen. Makers of men creators of leaders here, be careful what kind of leaders you're producing here.I don't know if Charlie's silence here today is right or wrong. I'm not a judge or jury; but I can tell you this: he won't sell anybody else to buy his future! And that, my friends, is called integrity. That's called courage. Now that's the stuff leaders should be made of. Now I have come to the crossroads in my life. I always knew what the right path was. Without exception I knew, but I never took it. You know why? It was too damned hard. Now there's Charlie, He's come to the crossroads. He's chosen a path; it's the right path. It's a path made of principle, the least character. Let him continue on his journey. You're holding this boy's future in your hands. Committee. It's a valuable future. Believe me. Don't destroy it. Protect it. Embrace it. It's gonna make you proud one day, I promise you.

阿甘

[File:G0.avi]

You can't sit here.

(You know it's funny what a young man recollects, 'cause I don't remember being born, I I don't recall what I got for my first Christmas, I don't know went I first when on my first outdor picnic, but… I do remember the first time. I heard the sweetest voice of all the world.)

You can sit here if you wanna. (I have never seen anything so beautiful I my life. She was like an angel.) You're going to sit here, aren't you?

[File:G1.avi]

(College ran by a little fast, 'cause I played so much football. They even put me on the thing called the All Amerian Team, where you got to meet the President of the United States.) "President Kennedy met with the collegians of the All American Football Team at the Oval Office today" (Now the really gook thing about meeting the President of the United States is the food. They put you in a little room with just about anything you want to eat and drink. Says number one, I wasn't hungry but thirsty; and nuber two, they was free. I almost drank about fifteen bottles of them.)

Congratulations.How does it feel to be in All American's?

It's an honor, sir.

Congratulations.How does it feel to be in All American's?

Very good,sir.

Congratulations.How does it feel to be in All American's?

Very good,sir.

Congratulations.How do you feel?

I've got to pee.

Ha.. I believe he's got to pee.

[File:G2.avi]

What's the matter, Mom?

I'm dying, Forrest. Come on in, sit over here.

Why are you dying, Mom?

My time, just my time. Don't you be afraid, sweetheart. Death is just a part of life; soon we are all destined to do. I didn't know it but I was destined to be your Mama. I did the best I could.

You do good. Mom.

Well, but I haven't believed in making your own destiny; you have to do the best with what God gave you.

What's my destiny, Mom?

You're going to have to figure that out for yourself. Life's a box of chocolates. Forrest, you never know what you're going to get.

(Mama always had a way to explain the things I couldn't understand then.)

I will miss you, Forrest.

(She has got the cancer, and died on a Tuesday. I bought her a new hat with little flowers on it.)



Reports and Speechs and News

奥斯卡



[File : 奥斯卡.wav ]

Thank you for dropping by on your way to the party. As the 29th President of the Academy, I welcome you all to our 69th Annual Award. There are over 6000 of us in the Academy who share at least one wonderful and fulfilling thing with over a billion of you out there: We love movies. We don't always love the same movie, nor do we always agree which are art and which are artless. But that's what adds spice to our Awards in the form of suspense, spirited discussion and emotional clashes. Still, going to the movies brings us together to share our humanity. In what sometimes feels like an ear of isolation, we find ourselves too often alone with our technology, sitting alone to read our computer screens, or listening to radio and watching television alone. Fortunately we still have our houses of worship, ballgames and movies to remind us that we are related by humanity, not machinery. So we in our Academy propose an agreement with you: you keep going to the movies, and we'll keep making them.

Ladies and Gentlemen, last year's best actor: Nicolas Cage:

Oscar Wield once pointed out that while we looked to the dramatist to give romance to realism, we asked the actress to give realism to romance. The immensely talented women nominated tonight for Best Actress do just that and more. The nominees for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role are: Brenda Blethyn in Secrets and Lies, Diane Keaton in Marbin's Room, Frances McDormand in Fargo, Christin Scott Thomas in The English Patient, Emily Watson in Breaking The Waves. The Oscar goes to, the Oscar goes to Frances McDormand in Fargo.

It is impossible to maintain one's composure in this situation. What am I doing here? Especially considering the extraordinary group of women with whom I was nominated. We five women were fortunate to have the choice, not just the opportunity, but the choice to play such rich, complex femal characters. And I congratulate producers like Walking Teddler in Polygram for allowing directors to let, allowing directors to make autonomous casting decisions based on qualifications, and not just market value. And I encourage, I

encourage writers and directors to keep these really interesting female roles coming while you edit, even if you throw a few for men as well My family, friends and colleagues here tonight and all around the world, they know exactly who they are, you know who you are, and I hope you already know how much your support and your care means to me. I'm gonna name three: the co-writer director and producer of Fargo, Mr.Etha Coen who helped make an actor of me, his brother Mr.Joel Coen who made a woman of me, and our moon and our son, Mr.Pedrow McDormand Coen who's made a real mother of me. Thank you for acknowledging out work.

The parts the nominees for the Best actor in a leading Role played are all basically challenged in some way. I think there are time challenges, so why don't we just cut to the chase here and let us just give this lucky guy ad extra eleven seconds. Thus I'll go ahead, OK? The nominees for the Best Actor in a Leading Role are: Tom Cruise in Jerry McGuire, Ralph Fiennes in the English Patient, Woody Harrelson in the People Versus Larry Flint, Geoffrey Rush in Shine, Billy Bob Thornton in Sling Blade. And the Oscar goes to Geoffrey Rush in Shine.

Ladies and gentlemen, please welcome our great actor Mr. Al Paccino: Ah,(thank you) well, we've come to the part of the show now that;s you've all been waiting for. It's the half -way mark. I thought and tried it. Anyway, ah, the nominees for Best Picture are:

The English Patient. Saul Zaentz producer, Fargo, Ethan Coen producer, Jerry McGuire, Jame Alburques, Lawrence Mark Brichencequet and Camenren Crow producers, Secrets and Lies, Simon Chelion Williams producer, Shine, Jame Scott producer. And the Oscar goes to The English Patient, Saul Zaentz.

Well, it's a pretty great night. Stay tuned for "Good Morning, America." I'm really glad to have been here this year. Thank you and good night, everybody.



克林顿

[ File: Cliton.wav ]

Ladies and Gentlemen,the president of the United States of America, William Jefferson Cliton.

My fellow citizens, at this last presidential inauguration of the 20st century, let us lift our eyes toward the challenges that await us in the next century. It is our great, good fortune. The time and chance have put us not only at the edge of a new century and a new millennium, but on the edge of a bright new prospect in human affairs, a moment that will define our course and our character for decades to come. We must keep our old democracy forever young. Guided by the ancient vision of a promised land, let our sights upon the land of new promise The promise of America was born in the 18th century, out of the bold conviction that we are all created equal. It was extended and preserved in the 19th century when our nation spread across the continent, saved the Union and abolished the awful scurge of slavery. Then, in turmoil and tryout , that promise exploded over the world stage to make this the American century. And what a century it has been. America became the world's mightiest industrial power, saved the world from tyranny in two world wars and a long Cold War, and time and again, reached out across the globe to millions who like us long for the blessings of liberty. Along the way, Americans produced the great middle class and security in old age, built unrival centers of learning and opened public schools to all, split the atom and explored the heavens invented the computer nad the microchip, and deepened the world's frame of justice by making a revolution in Civil Rights for AfricanAmericans and all minorities and extending the circle of citizenship, opportunity and dignity to women. Now for the third time, a new century is upon us and another time to choose. We began the 19th century with a choice to spread our nation from coast to coast. We began the 20th century with a choice to harness the Industrial Revolution to our values of free enterprise, conservation and human decency. Those choices made all the difference.

At the dawn of 21st century, a free people must now choose to shape the forces of the infiormation age and the global society to unleash the limitless potential of all our people and , yes , to form a more perfect union.

When last we gathered, out march to this new future seemed less certain than it does today. We vowed then to set a clear course to renew our nation. In these four years, we have been touched by tragedy, exhilarated by challenge, strengthened by achievement.

America stands alone as the world's indispensable nation. Once again our economy is the strongest on earth, one agaion we are building stronger families, thriving communities, better education opportunities, a cleaner environment. Problems that once seemed destined to deepen now've bent to our efforts. Our streets are safer, and record numbers of our fellow citizens have moved from welfare to work. And once again we have resolved for our time a great debate over the role of government. Today we can declare government is not the problem, and government is not the solution. We, the American people, we are the solution.

Our founders understood that well and gave us a democracy, strong enough to endure for centuries, flexible enough to face our common challenges and advance our common dreams in each new day. As times change, so government must change. We need a new government for a new century, humble enough not to try to solve all our problems for us, but strong enough to give us the tools to solve our problems for ourselves, a government that is smaller, lives within its means and does more with less, yet where it can stand up for our values and interests around the world and where it can give Americans the power to make a real difference in their everyday lives, government should do more, not less. The preeminent mission of our new government is to give all Americans an opportunity, not a guarantee, but a real opportunity to build better bives.

Beyond that, my fellow citizens, the future is up to us. Our founders taught us that the preservation of our liberty and our union depends upon responsible citizenship. And we need a new sense of responsibility for a new century. There is work to do, work that government alone can not do, teaching children to read, hiring people of wealthier roles, coming out from behind locked doors and shuttered windows, to help reclaim our streets from drugs and gangs and crime, taking time out of our own lives to serve others. Each and everyone of us, in our won way, must assume personal responsibility, not only for ourselves and our families, but for our neighbors and our nation.

Our greatest responsibility is to embrace a new spirit of community for a new century. For any one of us to succeed, we must succeed as one America. The challenge of our past remains the challenge of our future. Will we be one nation, one people with one common destiny or not? Will we all come together or come apart? The divide of racej has been the America's constant curse, and each new wave of immigrants gives new targets to old prejudices. Prejudice and contempt clogged in the pretense of religious or political convictions are no different. These forces have nearly destroyed our nation in the past. They plague us still. They fill the fanaticism of terror and they torment the lives of millions in fractured nations all around the world. These obsessions crippled both those who hate and, of course, those who are hated, robbing both of what they might become. We can not, we will not succumb to the dark impulses that lurk in the far regions of the soul everywhere. We shall overcome them. And we shall replace them with the generous spirit of a people who feel at home with one another. Our rich texture of racial, religious and political diversity will be a godsend in the 21st century. Great rewards will come to those who can live together, learn together, work together, forge new ties that bind together. As this new ear approches, we can already see its broad outlines. Ten years ago, the Internet was the mystical province of physicists. Today, it is a commonplace encyclopedia for millions of school children. Scientists now are decoding the blue print of human life. Cures for our most feared illnesses seem close at hand. The world is no longer divided into two hostile camps, instead, now we are building bonds with nations that once were our adversaries. Growing connections of commerce and culture give us a chance to lift the fortunes and spirits of people the world over. And for the very first time in all of history, more people on this planet live under democracy than dictatorship.

评克林顿



[File : 评克林顿.wav ]

Editorial writers gave President Bill Clinton's second Inqugural Speech average ardes for both presentation and content.

The New York Times, U.S. Inaugural Addresses often evoke a sense of triumph in a vision of battles to come. For lovers of such sailing rhetoric, president Cliton's was distinctly earth - bound.

Toronto star, Canada: Chastened by setbacks and scandals - and saddled by voters wit their Republican controlled Congress - the President retreated into lofty sentiments and vague generalities.

The Guardian, Britain: Mr. Clinton tried too hard for his memorable line. It was an uninspired inspirationalism. A Johnny Appleseed view of human progress and ultimately a disappointing speech.

Hong Kong Standard: Do inaugural addresses provide a clear foretaste of what the next four years will hold? Of course not. No president has ever lived up to these promises.

新兴市场



[ File : 新兴市场.wav ]

Some money managers are looking at emerging markets like Hong Kong, Russia and India for winners. So far this year, 60 new emerging markets funds have been launched making the sector the fastest growing area for fund companies. But emerging markets funds have lagged the tolled pays of the US market, and that's just one of the many reasons the man considered to be the guru of emerging markets believes they belong in most portfolios. Mark Mobius, president of Templeton Emerging Markets Funds is normally speeding around the globe looking for bargain stocks. But he stopped in New York recently to publicize the latest edition of his book appropriately titled Mobius on the Emerging Markets. And he says the market he is most excited about right now is Hong Kong. While considering the free market British colony is about to be turned over to communist China, I asked him why he is so optimistic.

I realize that it is an opportunity there, ah, that is a , probably opportunity of a life time. Because if things go well, the market could move up substantially from where it is now. I also realize there is a risk, and we've signed about 25% risk of something going wrong with this transition. But the upside is very very good. And you have a situation where Hong Kong is a very efficient business - like environment, is the best place to be if you want to invest in China. To just give you one example, the largest infrastructure project in the world - the new airport in Hong Kong, and the fastest growing major economy in the world right at your door step.

Mark, how do investors choose which emerging market funds to buy? There are so many funds out there.

For the individual investor new to emerging markets, he or she is best to be in the global emerging markets funds where there are many companies, many countries, and diversification is very good. Because I may love Hong Kong but the market could change and you'd better offer a diversified portfolio because even if Hong Kong gets hit, you are in man other markets.

You have a Russia fund. What's your rush now investing in that country?

I was in Russian two weeks ago and an American businessman got shot. So I mean, sometimes you do find it difficult to justify being there. But it's a great country and has a great future in my view.

Should investors be scared of emerging markets, what should they expect?

Usually what I'd like to tell people is look at the fund you are thinking about investing in, and look at the last five years and see how far it's gone down in its worst periods. And if you are not willing to accept that kind of decline, don't invest. And in these emerging markets, you can look at as much as a 30% decline in one year.

So you've got to be ready for that kind of volatility.

Where are you investing personally?

In our funds? I've, I focus on the emerging market funds and also all the specialized funds. The most risky funds are the ones I like.

Are you100% investing in the emerging markets?

Yes. (As) a matter of fact, I am. Maybe I shouldn't say this on the air because that's something that we don't recommend people to do. You know, we recommend people to, to be in global funds, not only in the emerging markets funds.

But why, Why are you 100% invested in the emerging markets?

Because I think that there the growths will be the greatest. And I'd like to be with the growths.

I just want to point out that Mobius reiterated that he can afford to put money at risk. But for people who can't, he recommends avoiding emerging markets entirely.

里奇



[File : 里奇.wav]

He was called the maestro of melo. He wroth the songs that made us feel so good. He even won an Oscar for this one.

Here I am bolding the Oscar. I have got the Golden Globe. This is 1986. You've decided to take a year off. Ten years later we are sitting here. Thank you very much. What happened?

To lionel Richie, the pop star at the top of this game, a short break turned into a lost decade filled with ersonal trogedies. We visited hime at his home high in the Hollywood Hills where he began story as he dropped out with a failing health of his father he so adored.

There is nothing harder than losing a parent. - Especially when you know them as well as I know my father. Lionel Richie Senior had been the tough retired military dad.

And then he threw a curve ball and told me, "Son, now you take care of me now, you hear?". He was the best in the worst times. And had a great, full life.

How did the death itself affect you?

Fortunately he didn't die suddenly. Ah, in fact, when I was growing up, ah, I used to always put my hand next to my father's hand to see if I was growing yet. - Oh.

And of course, he would always, his hand would always be larger.

Towards the end, Richie would have his father's hand clasping his cast in bronze.

And this is his hand? - That's his hand on the right and that's my hand on the left. It is the most amazing thing that some days when I just want to come I and I want to just be close. I'll come to hold his hand his hand, just can't go, you know. Dad, what should I do now?

Richie said for those three years he kept writing songs. He just wouldn't leave his father to record them.

But you know that industry was saying, "Lionel was lost." - I know. I know. But if someone said, you know, spending time with your father or your new album? There's just no contest.

Are you afraid of marriage? - I am not afraid, terrified is the word now. - Did your divorce cost you a lot of money?

Oh, yes it did. But at the same time, ah, I mean I make it. - But you're also notoriously frugal. - Well, for those friends of mine who said to me, Lionel has very dime he every earned. I can now tell them, now I don't.

Lionel had been a real rich guy. - Oh, did you say it? - I did. - OK. - I guess one can say, you know that all of us have traumas in our lives and we are all traumatized by these incidences we don't expect, like death of parents and divorces. But we don't all stop our careers.

Well, in most cases, most of us can't stop the careers, as I told one guy, I could afford my misery. You know I am finding out that right now I'm fourteen years old. I have got Nicol.

Nicol, his adopted daughter from his first marriage, healing his musical hand some melodies his latest release - Louder than Words .

Were you afraid you couldn't come back?

No. I wasn't afraid to come back. The challenge was that - will the music be accepted? And in this one new album with Climbing I had a chance to bury it if you will You know, write down my thoughts about this period of my life and put it away.

So what is Lionel Richie's destiny? - I think my job is to be the messenger of a very simple corny word - love. I think I was supposed to touch hearts.

芝加哥



[File : 芝加哥.wav ]

Expensive land and expensive labor drove many manufacturers out of the big cities during the 1970's and 80's, taking jobs and prosperity with them. But now business leaders, politicians and urban planners across the country are doing what it takes to bring industry back and keep it there. And as Betsy Karetnick reports from Chicago in this week's cover story, it looks like those efforts just might be working.

Chicago's city skyline reflects years of middle - western economic expansion. The city's financial services are thriving. The service sector is growing. The unemployment rate for the metropolitan area near a historic low. But even as a gleaming new sports stadium mirrors that city's good fortune there is one sector of the economy that hasn't kept up - manufacturing.

Jenkins: "Well, in the wake of the, ah, huge restructuring of industry, manufacturing industry in Chicago the late 70's,early 80's, we lost a couple hundred thousand manufacturing jobs."

Including a big chunk of the country's meat and food processing industries, and steel and metal manufacturing jobs. Say, economic renaissance in Chicago. And nobody thinks of the city's manufactures. But now there is a small but growing interest looking to preserve that manufacturing base. One of the results has been the creation of socalled industrial corridors like Goose Island.

In an effort to bring its economic miracle to tis factories, Chicago has created 22 industrial corridors which groups this base of manufactures by location. Cmpanies work in partnership with grass roots level developing groups and the city government to solve problems like transportation routes. Industrial corridors are part of Chicago's and other cities' efforts to revive local economy's heavy dependence on manufacturing jobs.

Bolton:"Manufacturing drives the service sector, the real estate sector, the insurance sector. No matter where those jobs show up, you need a manufacturing base in order to sustain it somewhere."

Sustaining and expanding the manufacturing base is exactly what the city government is trying to do. Not only with industrial corridors but with tax incentives and low - cost loans. City hall is also providing dollars for business family infrastructure. Consider Version, a few years ago the company that builds machinery to manufacture metal components for appliances and cars considered moving to the suburbs. But the city intervened, building roads and raising viaducts to make transportation easier. Version President Richard Metzger says the company grew,adding jobs along the way.

Metzger:"Employment of this company was approximately 400 people in, uh, 19891990, in that time range. Eh, today we are approximately 700 to 725 people."

Metzger says the company's location made it easy to find workers. Urban developers say that inner city work force gains importance as labor markets get even tighter.

Tilson:"There is an available work force, ah, often with, ah, with specialized skills, ah, that can be very attractive to, ah, many different, ah, employers."

Still, a dedication to the inner city can be challenging, as corrugated boxer maker Pride Container found out when he tried to expand.

Sharfstein:"There's not a balance in my opinion of good industrial space to support the total needs of the community."

Without a suitable city location, Pride Container opened a satellite in the suburbs. But there may be a bigger issue than space holding back manufacturing's renassance, and that's the widely touted labor force.

Jenkin
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