Maven的安装与配置

一、安装本地Maven

tips: 官网为外网,下载速度较慢,这里提供3.6.3版本的三方链接下载Maven下载

  1. 无视下载速度以及需要其他版本的伙伴点此进入Maven官网下载

  2. 选择左侧Download
    在这里插入图片描述

  3. 点击箭头所指的链接进行下载
    在这里插入图片描述

  4. 下载完成后,选择一个路径进行解压

  5. 然后配置path环境变量,如图

  • 系统变量:MAVEN_HOME = F:\dev\apache-maven-3.6.1
  • 系统变量:path = %MAVEN_HOME%\bin
    MAVEN_HOME:
    在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

path:
在这里插入图片描述

  1. 然后win+R 运行cmd 输入 mvn -version,如图所示则配置成功

在这里插入图片描述

二、配置settings文件

  1. 在F:\dev\apache-maven-3.6.1\conf下可以找到settings文件,打开(嫌麻烦的直接看最后一步)

  2. 找到第52行,这里是maven默认的仓库
    在这里插入图片描述

  3. 我们复制第53行

<span style="color:#000000"><code><localRepository>/path/to/local/repo</localRepository>
</code></span>
  • 1

将它拿到注释外并将中间的内容改成你需要的路径,如图

<span style="color:#000000"><code><localRepository>F:/repository</localRepository>
</code></span>
  • 1

这里的路径随便设置,注意这里是正斜杠
在这里插入图片描述

  1. 因为国外的服务器下载jar包很慢所以我们改为阿里云服务器(大约在150行左右),这两个仓库只用选一个(根据大家反馈建议使用第一个,第二个在有的版本可能会出现warning)
<span style="color:#000000"><code> <!-- 阿里云仓库 -->
        <mirror>
            <id>alimaven</id>
            <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
            <name>aliyun maven</name>
            <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/repositories/central/</url>
        </mirror>
     或者
      <mirror>
		<id>nexus-aliyun</id>
		<mirrorOf>*</mirrorOf>
        <name>Nexus aliyun</name>
        <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public</url>
	 </mirror>

</code></span>
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13
  • 14
  • 15
  1. 如图,要夹在两个mirrors标签之间
    在这里插入图片描述

  2. 在最后配置jdk,也要夹在两个profiles标签之间(我这里使用的为jdk8)

<span style="color:#000000"><code><!-- java版本 --> 
<profile>
      <id>jdk-1.8</id>
      <activation>
	    <activeByDefault>true</activeByDefault>
        <jdk>1.8</jdk>
      </activation>

      <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>1.8</maven.compiler.source>
		<maven.compiler.target>1.8</maven.compiler.target>
		<maven.compiler.compilerVersion>1.8</maven.compiler.compilerVersion>
      </properties>
</profile>

</code></span>
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13
  • 14
  • 15

在这里插入图片描述

  1. 配置完成,在命令行输入mvn help:system测试,看到下载链接里面是ailiyun的链接表示配置成功

  2. 嫌麻烦的直接复制配置文件的内容即可,不过路径还是要改(参考第3步)

<span style="color:#000000"><code class="language-xml"><span style="color:#5c6370"><?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?></span>

<span style="color:#5c6370"><!--
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
distributed with this work for additional information
regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
"License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
software distributed under the License is distributed on an
"AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
specific language governing permissions and limitations
under the License.
--></span>

<span style="color:#5c6370"><!--
 | This is the configuration file for Maven. It can be specified at two levels:
 |
 |  1. User Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for a single user,
 |                 and is normally provided in ${user.home}/.m2/settings.xml.
 |
 |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 |
 |                 -s /path/to/user/settings.xml
 |
 |  2. Global Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for all Maven
 |                 users on a machine (assuming they're all using the same Maven
 |                 installation). It's normally provided in
 |                 ${maven.conf}/settings.xml.
 |
 |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 |
 |                 -gs /path/to/global/settings.xml
 |
 | The sections in this sample file are intended to give you a running start at
 | getting the most out of your Maven installation. Where appropriate, the default
 | values (values used when the setting is not specified) are provided.
 |
 |--></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>settings</span> <span style="color:#d19a66">xmlns</span><span style="color:#669900"><span style="color:#999999">=</span><span style="color:#999999">"</span>http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0<span style="color:#999999">"</span></span>
          <span style="color:#d19a66">xmlns:xsi</span><span style="color:#669900"><span style="color:#999999">=</span><span style="color:#999999">"</span>http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance<span style="color:#999999">"</span></span>
          <span style="color:#d19a66">xsi:schemaLocation</span><span style="color:#669900"><span style="color:#999999">=</span><span style="color:#999999">"</span>http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.0.0.xsd<span style="color:#999999">"</span></span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- localRepository
   | The path to the local repository maven will use to store artifacts.
   |
   | Default: ${user.home}/.m2/repository
  <localRepository>/path/to/local/repo</localRepository>
  --></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>localRepository</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>F:/repository<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>localRepository</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- interactiveMode
   | This will determine whether maven prompts you when it needs input. If set to false,
   | maven will use a sensible default value, perhaps based on some other setting, for
   | the parameter in question.
   |
   | Default: true
  <interactiveMode>true</interactiveMode>
  --></span>

  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- offline
   | Determines whether maven should attempt to connect to the network when executing a build.
   | This will have an effect on artifact downloads, artifact deployment, and others.
   |
   | Default: false
  <offline>false</offline>
  --></span>

  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- pluginGroups
   | This is a list of additional group identifiers that will be searched when resolving plugins by their prefix, i.e.
   | when invoking a command line like "mvn prefix:goal". Maven will automatically add the group identifiers
   | "org.apache.maven.plugins" and "org.codehaus.mojo" if these are not already contained in the list.
   |--></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>pluginGroups</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- pluginGroup
     | Specifies a further group identifier to use for plugin lookup.
    <pluginGroup>com.your.plugins</pluginGroup>
    --></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>pluginGroups</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>

  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- proxies
   | This is a list of proxies which can be used on this machine to connect to the network.
   | Unless otherwise specified (by system property or command-line switch), the first proxy
   | specification in this list marked as active will be used.
   |--></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>proxies</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- proxy
     | Specification for one proxy, to be used in connecting to the network.
     |
    <proxy>
      <id>optional</id>
      <active>true</active>
      <protocol>http</protocol>
      <username>proxyuser</username>
      <password>proxypass</password>
      <host>proxy.host.net</host>
      <port>80</port>
      <nonProxyHosts>local.net|some.host.com</nonProxyHosts>
    </proxy>
    --></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>proxies</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>

  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- servers
   | This is a list of authentication profiles, keyed by the server-id used within the system.
   | Authentication profiles can be used whenever maven must make a connection to a remote server.
   |--></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>servers</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- server
     | Specifies the authentication information to use when connecting to a particular server, identified by
     | a unique name within the system (referred to by the 'id' attribute below).
     |
     | NOTE: You should either specify username/password OR privateKey/passphrase, since these pairings are
     |       used together.
     |
    <server>
      <id>deploymentRepo</id>
      <username>repouser</username>
      <password>repopwd</password>
    </server>
    --></span>

    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- Another sample, using keys to authenticate.
    <server>
      <id>siteServer</id>
      <privateKey>/path/to/private/key</privateKey>
      <passphrase>optional; leave empty if not used.</passphrase>
    </server>
    --></span>
  <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>servers</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>

  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- mirrors
   | This is a list of mirrors to be used in downloading artifacts from remote repositories.
   |
   | It works like this: a POM may declare a repository to use in resolving certain artifacts.
   | However, this repository may have problems with heavy traffic at times, so people have mirrored
   | it to several places.
   |
   | That repository definition will have a unique id, so we can create a mirror reference for that
   | repository, to be used as an alternate download site. The mirror site will be the preferred
   | server for that repository.
   |--></span>
  
    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- mirror
	<mirrors>
     | Specifies a repository mirror site to use instead of a given repository. The repository that
     | this mirror serves has an ID that matches the mirrorOf element of this mirror. IDs are used
     | for inheritance and direct lookup purposes, and must be unique across the set of mirrors.
     |
    <mirror>
      <id>mirrorId</id>
      <mirrorOf>repositoryId</mirrorOf>
      <name>Human Readable Name for this Mirror.</name>
      <url>http://my.repository.com/repo/path</url>
    </mirror>
	 </mirrors>
     --></span>
     <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- 阿里云仓库 --></span>
 <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>mirrors</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
	 <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>mirror</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
			<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>id</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>nexus-aliyun<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>id</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
			<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>mirrorOf</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>*<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>mirrorOf</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
			<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>name</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>Nexus aliyun<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>name</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
			<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>url</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>url</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
	<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>mirror</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>mirrors</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- profiles
   | This is a list of profiles which can be activated in a variety of ways, and which can modify
   | the build process. Profiles provided in the settings.xml are intended to provide local machine-
   | specific paths and repository locations which allow the build to work in the local environment.
   |
   | For example, if you have an integration testing plugin - like cactus - that needs to know where
   | your Tomcat instance is installed, you can provide a variable here such that the variable is
   | dereferenced during the build process to configure the cactus plugin.
   |
   | As noted above, profiles can be activated in a variety of ways. One way - the activeProfiles
   | section of this document (settings.xml) - will be discussed later. Another way essentially
   | relies on the detection of a system property, either matching a particular value for the property,
   | or merely testing its existence. Profiles can also be activated by JDK version prefix, where a
   | value of '1.4' might activate a profile when the build is executed on a JDK version of '1.4.2_07'.
   | Finally, the list of active profiles can be specified directly from the command line.
   |
   | NOTE: For profiles defined in the settings.xml, you are restricted to specifying only artifact
   |       repositories, plugin repositories, and free-form properties to be used as configuration
   |       variables for plugins in the POM.
   |
   |--></span>
    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- profile
	<profiles>
     | Specifies a set of introductions to the build process, to be activated using one or more of the
     | mechanisms described above. For inheritance purposes, and to activate profiles via <activatedProfiles/>
     | or the command line, profiles have to have an ID that is unique.
     |
     | An encouraged best practice for profile identification is to use a consistent naming convention
     | for profiles, such as 'env-dev', 'env-test', 'env-production', 'user-jdcasey', 'user-brett', etc.
     | This will make it more intuitive to understand what the set of introduced profiles is attempting
     | to accomplish, particularly when you only have a list of profile id's for debug.
     |
     | This profile example uses the JDK version to trigger activation, and provides a JDK-specific repo.
    <profile>
      <id>jdk-1.4</id>

      <activation>
        <jdk>1.4</jdk>
      </activation>

      <repositories>
        <repository>
          <id>jdk14</id>
          <name>Repository for JDK 1.4 builds</name>
          <url>http://www.myhost.com/maven/jdk14</url>
          <layout>default</layout>
          <snapshotPolicy>always</snapshotPolicy>
        </repository>
      </repositories>
    </profile>
    --></span>

    <span style="color:#5c6370"><!--
     | Here is another profile, activated by the system property 'target-env' with a value of 'dev',
     | which provides a specific path to the Tomcat instance. To use this, your plugin configuration
     | might hypothetically look like:
     |
     | ...
     | <plugin>
     |   <groupId>org.myco.myplugins</groupId>
     |   <artifactId>myplugin</artifactId>
     |
     |   <configuration>
     |     <tomcatLocation>${tomcatPath}</tomcatLocation>
     |   </configuration>
     | </plugin>
     | ...
     |
     | NOTE: If you just wanted to inject this configuration whenever someone set 'target-env' to
     |       anything, you could just leave off the <value/> inside the activation-property.
     |
    <profile>
      <id>env-dev</id>

      <activation>
        <property>
          <name>target-env</name>
          <value>dev</value>
        </property>
      </activation>

      <properties>
        <tomcatPath>/path/to/tomcat/instance</tomcatPath>
      </properties>
    </profile>
	  
    --></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>profiles</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>profile</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
      <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>id</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>jdk-1.8<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>id</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
      <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>activation</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
	    <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>activeByDefault</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>true<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>activeByDefault</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
        <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>jdk</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>1.8<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>jdk</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
      <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>activation</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>

      <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>properties</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
        <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>maven.compiler.source</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>1.8<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>maven.compiler.source</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
		<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>maven.compiler.target</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>1.8<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>maven.compiler.target</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
		<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"><</span>maven.compiler.compilerVersion</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>1.8<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>maven.compiler.compilerVersion</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
      <span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>properties</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>profile</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>profiles</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span>



  <span style="color:#5c6370"><!-- activeProfiles
   | List of profiles that are active for all builds.
   |
  <activeProfiles>
    <activeProfile>alwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
    <activeProfile>anotherAlwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
  </activeProfiles>
  --></span>
<span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#e06c75"><span style="color:#999999"></</span>settings</span><span style="color:#999999">></span></span></code></span>
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页