Jenkins常用插件之Deploy Plugin

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该插件主要运用在Java项目中,功能是“将成功编译的War/Jar包部署到远程的应用服务器上,该功能的实现主要基于Cargo。当前支持的应用服务器版本如下:
- Tomcat 4.x/5.x/6.x/7.x
- JBoss 3.x/4/x
- Glassfish 2.x/3.x
以下是使用该插件的具体步骤:

第一步:Deploy Plugin下载和安装

  1. 在网上下载Deploy Plugin插件,下载文件为deploy.hpi
  2. 在jenkins中安装Deploy Plugin插件,系统管理–>插件管理–>高级上传deploy.hpi进行安装
    这里写图片描述

第二步:编译工具maven的下载和配置

  1. 在网上下载maven安装包apache-maven-3.3.9-bin.zip
  2. 解压apache-maven-3.3.9-bin.zip至D:\BuildTool
  3. 设置环境变量
    —新建系统变量:MAVEN_HOME,值为:D:\BuildTool\apache-maven-3.3.9
    —设置PATH变量,追加值为:;%MAVEN_HOME%\bin
  4. 验证环境变量–打开CMD,输入mvn -v,查看结果
    这里写图片描述
  5. 修改maven的settings.xml文件,在pluginGroups节点增加cargo插件,进行远程部署
    这里写图片描述

第三步:修改Tomcat配置

  1. 修改tomcat的tomcat-users.xml文件,增加tomcat的manager用户
    这里写图片描述
  2. 启动tomcat

第四步:新建示例maven项目WebProject

  1. 运用Eclipse创建一个maven项目,名称为WebProject
  2. 修改构建文件pom.xml,主要注意build节点的配置
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>me.gacl.maven</groupId>
  <artifactId>WebProject</artifactId>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>WebProject Maven Webapp</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
  <!-- 将Web项目自动部署到tomcat服务器的相关 配置信息-->
  <build>
    <!-- 将WebProject项目打包成WebProject.war自动部署到tomcat服务器的webapps目录下面 -->
    <finalName>WebProject</finalName>
    <!-- 利用cargo插件把项目部署到远程的tomcat容器中 -->  
    <plugins>
          <plugin>
              <groupId>org.codehaus.cargo</groupId>
              <artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>1.2.3</version>
                <configuration>
                    <container>
                          <!-- 指明使用的tomcat服务器版本 -->
                        <containerId>tomcat7x</containerId>
                        <type>remote</type>
                    </container>
                    <configuration>
                        <type>runtime</type> 
                        <cargo.remote.username>admin</cargo.remote.username> 
                        <cargo.remote.password>admin</cargo.remote.password> 
                        <cargo.tomcat.manager.url>http://192.168.1.100:8080/manager</cargo.tomcat.manager.url> 
                    </configuration>
                </configuration>
                <executions>  
                  <execution>  
                      <phase>deploy</phase>  
                      <goals>  
                          <goal>redeploy</goal>  
                      </goals>  
                  </execution>  
              </executions>
          </plugin>
      </plugins>
  </build>
</project>

第五步:在Jenkins中构建项目mavenTestWeb

  1. 创建一个maven项目的Job,名称为mavenTestWeb
    这里写图片描述
  2. 添加Job的详细描述信息
    这里写图片描述
  3. 配置源码管理
    这里写图片描述
  4. 配置构建触发器
    这里写图片描述
  5. 配置构建
    这里写图片描述
  6. 构建后操作配置
    这里写图片描述
  7. 构建验证,查看控制台输出的日志信息
Started by user anonymous
Building in workspace D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace
Checking out a fresh workspace because there's no workspace at D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace
Cleaning local Directory .
Checking out https://pc-20160123cxrq/svn/MyRepository/trunk/%E6%BA%90%E4%BB%A3%E7%A0%81/WebProject at revision '2016-04-17T14:35:01.952 +0800'
A         pom.xml
A         .classpath
A         .project
A         .settings
A         .settings\org.eclipse.jdt.core.prefs
A         .settings\org.eclipse.m2e.core.prefs
A         src
A         src\main
A         src\main\resources
A         src\main\webapp
A         src\main\webapp\WEB-INF
A         src\main\webapp\WEB-INF\web.xml
A         src\main\webapp\index.jsp
At revision 39

No changes for https://pc-20160123cxrq/svn/MyRepository/trunk/%E6%BA%90%E4%BB%A3%E7%A0%81/WebProject since the previous build
[workspace] $ cmd.exe /C '"D:\CItools\apache-maven-3.3.9\bin\mvn.cmd clean install -Dmaven.test.skip=true && exit %%ERRORLEVEL%%"'
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]                                                                         
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building WebProject Maven Webapp 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ WebProject ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (GBK actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 0 resource
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Not copying test resources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Not compiling test sources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Tests are skipped.
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.2:war (default-war) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [WebProject] in [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [20 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war
[INFO] WEB-INF\web.xml already added, skipping
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-install-plugin:2.4:install (default-install) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Installing D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war to C:\.m2\repository\me\gacl\maven\WebProject\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
[INFO] Installing D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\pom.xml to C:\.m2\repository\me\gacl\maven\WebProject\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 1.037 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2016-04-17T14:35:05+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 13M/220M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
Parsing POMs
[workspace] $ "D:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_79/bin/java" -cp "D:\Program Files\Jenkins\plugins\maven-plugin\WEB-INF\lib\maven31-agent-1.5.jar;D:\CItools\apache-maven-3.3.9\boot\plexus-classworlds-2.5.2.jar;D:\CItools\apache-maven-3.3.9/conf/logging" jenkins.maven3.agent.Maven31Main D:\CItools\apache-maven-3.3.9 "D:\Program Files\Jenkins\war\WEB-INF\lib\remoting-2.53.3.jar" "D:\Program Files\Jenkins\plugins\maven-plugin\WEB-INF\lib\maven31-interceptor-1.5.jar" "D:\Program Files\Jenkins\plugins\maven-plugin\WEB-INF\lib\maven3-interceptor-commons-1.5.jar" 6271
<===[JENKINS REMOTING CAPACITY]===>channel started
Executing Maven:  -B -f D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\pom.xml clean install
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]                                                                         
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building WebProject Maven Webapp 0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Deleting D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ WebProject ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (GBK actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 0 resource
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ WebProject ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (GBK actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\src\test\resources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] No tests to run.
[JENKINS] Recording test results
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.2:war (default-war) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [WebProject] in [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [18 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war
[INFO] WEB-INF\web.xml already added, skipping
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-install-plugin:2.4:install (default-install) @ WebProject ---
[INFO] Installing D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war to C:\.m2\repository\me\gacl\maven\WebProject\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
[INFO] Installing D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\pom.xml to C:\.m2\repository\me\gacl\maven\WebProject\0.0.1-SNAPSHOT\WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 1.408 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2016-04-17T14:35:08+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 17M/226M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[JENKINS] Archiving D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\pom.xml to me.gacl.maven/WebProject/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.pom
[JENKINS] Archiving D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war to me.gacl.maven/WebProject/0.0.1-SNAPSHOT/WebProject-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.war
channel stopped
Deploying D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war to container Tomcat 7.x Remote
  [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war] is not deployed. Doing a fresh deployment.
  Deploying [D:\Program Files\Jenkins\jobs\mavenTestWeb\workspace\target\WebProject.war]
Finished: SUCCESS

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