SQLServer2000存储图片

微软的答案: 
   
  VB6向SQL  SERVER存入图象: 
  http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;258038 
   
  VB.NET向SQL  SERVER存入图象: 
  http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;308042 
   
  C#向SQL  SERVER存入图象: 
  http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;309158

 

 

本文总结如何在.Net WinForm和.Net WebForm(asp.net)中将图片存入SQL Server中并读取显示的方法 。
1.使用asp.net将图片上传并存入SQL Server中,然后从SQL Server中读取并显示出来:
1)上传并存入SQL Server
数据库结构
create table test
{
id identity(1,1),
FImage image
}
相关的存储过程
Create proc UpdateImage
(
@UpdateImage Image
)
As
Insert Into test(FImage) values(@UpdateImage)
GO
在UpPhoto.aspx文件中添加如下:
<input id="UpPhoto" name="UpPhoto" runat="server" type="file">
<asp:Button id="btnAdd" name="btnAdd" runat="server" Text="上传"></asp:Button>
然后在后置代码文件UpPhoto.aspx.cs添加btnAdd按钮的单击事件处理代码:
private void btnAdd_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
//获得图象并把图象转换为byte[]
HttpPostedFile upPhoto=UpPhoto.PostedFile;
int upPhotoLength=upPhoto.ContentLength;
byte[] PhotoArray=new Byte[upPhotoLength];
Stream PhotoStream=upPhoto.InputStream;
PhotoStream.Read(PhotoArray,0,upPhotoLength);
//连接数据库
SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;
cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=PhotoArray;
//如果你希望不使用存储过程来添加图片把上面四句代码改为:
//string strSql="Insert into test(FImage) values(@FImage)";
//SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
//cmd.Parameters.Add("@FImage",SqlDbType.Image);
//cmd.Parameters["@FImage"].Value=PhotoArray;
conn.Open();
cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
conn.Close();
}
2)从SQL Server中读取并显示出来
在需要显示图片的地方添加如下代码:
<asp:image id="imgPhoto" runat="server" ImageUrl="ShowPhoto.aspx"></asp:image>
ShowPhoto.aspx主体代码:
private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
if(!Page.IsPostBack)
{
SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection()
conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
string strSql="select * from test where id=2";//这里假设获取id为2的图片
SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
conn.Open();
SqlDataReader reader=cmd.ExecuteReader();
reader.Read();
Response.ContentType="application/octet-stream";
Response.BinaryWrite((Byte[])reader["FImage"]);
Response.End();
reader.Close();
}
}

2.在WinForm中将图片存入SQL Server,并从SQL Server中读取并显示在picturebox中
1),存入SQL Server
数据库结构和使用的存储过过程,同上面的一样
首先,在窗体中加一个OpenFileDialog控件,命名为ofdSelectPic ;
然后,在窗体上添加一个打开文件按钮,添加如下单击事件代码:
Stream ms;
byte[] picbyte;
//ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog();
if (ofdSelectPic.ShowDialog()==DialogResult.OK)
{
if ((ms=ofdSelectPic.OpenFile())!=null)
{
//MessageBox.Show("ok");
picbyte=new byte[ms.Length];
ms.Position=0;
ms.Read(picbyte,0,Convert.ToInt32(ms.Length));
//MessageBox.Show("读取完毕!");
//连接数据库
SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand("UpdateImage",conn);
cmd.CommandType=CommandType.StoredProcedure;
cmd.Parameters.Add("@UpdateImage",SqlDbType.Image);
cmd.Parameters["@UpdateImage"].Value=picbyte;
conn.Open();
cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
conn.Close();
ms.Close();
}
}
2)读取并显示在picturebox中
首先,添加一个picturebox,名为ptbShow
然后,添加一个按钮,添加如下响应事件:
SqlConnection conn=new SqlConnection();
conn.ConnectionString="Data Source=localhost;Database=test;User Id=sa;Pwd=sa";
string strSql="select FImage from test where id=1";
SqlCommand cmd=new SqlCommand(strSql,conn);
conn.Open();
SqlDataReader reader=cmd.ExecuteReader();
reader.Read();
MemoryStream ms=new MemoryStream((byte[])reader["FImage"]);

Image image=Image.FromStream(ms,true);
reader.Close();
conn.Close();
ptbShow.Image=image;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
 
 
 
 
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.IO;
6.Double-click Button1, and then add the following code to the Button1_Click event handler.

Note Uid <user name> must have permissions to perform these operations on the database.
{
SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("Server=Darkover;uid=<username>;pwd=<strong password>;database=northwind");
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("Select * From MyImages", con);
SqlCommandBuilder MyCB = new SqlCommandBuilder(da);
DataSet ds = new DataSet("MyImages");

da.MissingSchemaAction = MissingSchemaAction.AddWithKey;
FileStream fs = new FileStream(@"C:/winnt/Gone Fishing.BMP", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Read);

byte[] MyData= new byte[fs.Length];
fs.Read(MyData, 0, System.Convert.ToInt32(fs.Length));

fs.Close();

da.Fill(ds,"MyImages");

DataRow myRow;
myRow=ds.Tables["MyImages"].NewRow();

myRow["Description"] = "This would be description text";
myRow["imgField"] = MyData;
ds.Tables["MyImages"].Rows.Add(myRow);
da.Update(ds, "MyImages");

con.Close();

}
7.Double-click Button2, and then add the following code to the Button2_Click event handler.

Note Uid <user name> must have permissions to perform these operations on the database.
{
SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection("Server=Darkover;uid=<username>;pwd=<strong password>;database=northwind");
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("Select * From MyImages", con);
SqlCommandBuilder MyCB = new SqlCommandBuilder(da);
DataSet ds = new DataSet("MyImages");

byte[] MyData= new byte[0];

da.Fill(ds, "MyImages");
DataRow myRow;
myRow=ds.Tables["MyImages"].Rows[0];

MyData = (byte[])myRow["imgField"];
int ArraySize = new int();
ArraySize = MyData.GetUpperBound(0);

FileStream fs = new FileStream(@"C:/winnt/Gone Fishing2.BMP", FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
fs.Write(MyData, 0,ArraySize);
fs.Close();
}
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