用于Access数据库的DB操作类AccessHelper.cs

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;

namespace JonseTool
{
   public abstract class AccessHelper
    {
            // string s = Application.StartupPath.Replace(@"\bin\Debug", "") + @"\Data\#test.mdb";
            JonseTool.AccessHelper.ConnString = @"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + s + @";Persist Security Info=false;User Id=admin;Password=";
            //JonseTool.AccessHelper.ConnString = @"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + s + @";";

        public static string _sConnString = string.Empty;
        public static string ConnString
        {
            get{return _sConnString;}
            set{_sConnString = value;}
        }

        public static bool TestConn(string sConnStr="")
        {
            OleDbConnection myConn = null;
            bool bResult = false;
            try
            {
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sConnStr)) sConnStr = _sConnString;
                myConn = new OleDbConnection(_sConnString);
                myConn.Open();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
            finally
            {
                if (myConn != null && myConn.State.ToString() == "Open")
                    bResult = true;
            }

            myConn.Close();

            return bResult;
        }

        public static DataTable GetDataTable(out string sErr, string sSQL,string sConnStr="",params OleDbParameter[] cmdParams)
        {
            DataTable dt = null;
            sErr = string.Empty;

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sConnStr)) sConnStr = _sConnString;

            OleDbConnection accConn = null;
            try
            {
                accConn = new OleDbConnection(sConnStr);
                OleDbCommand accCmd = new OleDbCommand(sSQL, accConn);
                accConn.Open();

                if (cmdParams != null)  
               {
                   foreach (OleDbParameter parm in cmdParams)
                       accCmd.Parameters.Add(parm);  
                }
 
                OleDbDataAdapter adapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(accCmd);
                dt = new DataTable();
                adapter.Fill(dt);
                accConn.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                sErr = ex.Message;
            }
            return dt;
        }

        // 取dataset  
        public static DataSet GetDataSet(out string sError, string sSQL, string sConnStr = "", params OleDbParameter[] cmdParams)
        {
            DataSet ds = null;
            sError = string.Empty;
            try
            {
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sConnStr)) sConnStr = _sConnString;

                OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(sConnStr);
                conn.Open();
                OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand();
                cmd.Connection = conn;
                cmd.CommandText = sSQL;

                if (cmdParams != null)
                {
                    foreach (OleDbParameter parm in cmdParams)
                        cmd.Parameters.Add(parm);
                }

                OleDbDataAdapter dapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(cmd);
                ds = new DataSet();
                dapter.Fill(ds);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                sError = ex.Message;
            }
            return ds;
        }

        // 取某个单一的元素   
        public static object GetSingle(out string sError, string sSQL,string sConnStr)
        {
            DataTable dt = GetDataTable(out sError, sSQL,sConnStr);
            if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                return dt.Rows[0][0];
            }

            return null;
        }

        // 取最大的ID  
        public static Int32 GetMaxID(out string sError, string sKeyField, string sTableName,string sConnStr=null)
        {
            DataTable dt = GetDataTable(out sError, "select iif(isnull(max([" + sKeyField + "])),0,max([" + sKeyField + "])) as MaxID from [" + sTableName + "]", sConnStr);
            if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0)
            {
                return Convert.ToInt32(dt.Rows[0][0].ToString());
            }

            return 0;
        }

        // 执行 insert,update,delete 动作,也可以使用事务  
        public static bool UpdateData(out string sError, string sSQL,string sConnStr="",OleDbParameter[] cmdParams = null, bool bUseTransaction = false)
        {
            int iResult = 0;
            sError = string.Empty;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sConnStr)) sConnStr = _sConnString;

            if (!bUseTransaction)
            {
                try
                {
                    OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(sConnStr);
                    if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                        conn.Open();
                    OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand();
                    cmd.Connection = conn;
                    cmd.CommandText = sSQL;

                    if (cmdParams != null)
                    {
                        foreach (OleDbParameter parm in cmdParams)
                            cmd.Parameters.Add(parm);
                    }

                    iResult = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    sError = ex.Message;
                    iResult = -1;
                }
            }
            else // 使用事务  
            {
                OleDbTransaction trans = null;
                try
                {
                    OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(sConnStr);
                    if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                        conn.Open();
                    trans = conn.BeginTransaction();
                    OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand();
                    cmd.Connection = conn;
                    cmd.CommandText = sSQL;

                    if (cmdParams != null)
                    {
                        foreach (OleDbParameter parm in cmdParams)
                            cmd.Parameters.Add(parm);
                    }

                    cmd.Transaction = trans;
                    iResult = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    trans.Commit();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    sError = ex.Message;
                    iResult = -1;
                    trans.Rollback();
                }
            }

            return iResult > 0;
        } 
 
    }
}


示意图:

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