Eclipse安装CXF插件开发java web service 集成Spring


本文主要介绍在Eclipse[3.3.2]安装CXF插件。开发一个简单的java web service,以及和Spring的集成。
安装插件:
1,下载STP all_in_one,从http://ftp.daum.net/eclipse/stp/old-downloads-page/可以下载stp-all-in-one-incubation-0.7.0.200711162004.zip
安装这个插件,可以用link文件的方式安装,可参考 http://blog.csdn.net/kkdelta/archive/2009/03/12/3983999.aspx
2,下载CXF 运行环境所需的Jar包,
http://people.apache.org/repo/m2-snapshot-repository/org/apache/cxf/apache-cxf/
我用的是 apache-cxf-2.1-incubator-20080414.232258-49.zip
3,打开eclipse后,在菜单栏,windows-->preference-->soa tools 如下图,说明插件安装成功。


4,配置CXF运行环境,如下图,installed Runtimes---- Add--Appach CXF 2.0--Next 指定解压缩后的apache-cxf-2.1-incubator-20080414.232258-49.zip的路径。

开发Web Java Service
1,新建一个web project,在 这个project里建立下面的interface:
package com.test.cxf;
public interface WSprovider {
    public String testWS(String msgIn);
}
然后在这个建好后的project上点右键,JAX-WS Tools ---Enable JAX-WS --java first programing mode, 选择运行cxf环境-- 选择新建的interface--finish。
你的interface将被加上Java anotation如下:
package com.test.cxf;
import javax.jws.WebService;
@WebService(name="WSprovider", targetNamespace="http://cxf.test.com/")
public interface WSprovider {
    public String testWS(String msgIn);
}

2,在outline视图,选中testws(),右键选JAX-WX tools--〉create web method
你的interface将被加上Java anotation如下:
@WebService(name="WSprovider", targetNamespace="http://cxf.test.com/")
public interface WSprovider {
    @WebMethod(operationName="testWS", exclude=false)
    @ResponseWrapper(className="com.test.cxf.TestWSResponse", localName="testWSResponse", targetNamespace="http://cxf.test.com/")
    @RequestWrapper(className="com.test.cxf.TestWS", localName="testWS", targetNamespace="http://cxf.test.com/")
    public String testWS(String msgIn);
}
3,然后在project上点右键,JAX-WS Tools ---Generate All
会生成interface的实现类如下:

@WebService(endpointInterface = "com.test.cxf.WSprovider", serviceName = "WSproviderService")                     
public class WSproviderImpl implements WSprovider {
    public java.lang.String testWS(java.lang.String arg0) { 
        ........
    }
}

到此,简单的web service的开发就算完成了。
集成Spring
1,在WEB-INF下建立一个bean.xml文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:jaxws="http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
http://cxf.apache.org/jaxws http://cxf.apache.org/schemas/jaxws.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf.xml" />
    <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-extension-soap.xml" />
    <import resource="classpath:META-INF/cxf/cxf-servlet.xml" />

    <bean name="testService" class="com.test.cxf.WSCXFProviderImpl"/>
   
    <jaxws:endpoint
        id="testEndpoint"
        implementor="#testService"
        wsdlLocation="classpath:wsdl/prjCXFWeb.wsdl"
        address="/WSCXFProviderPort">
        <jaxws:features>
            <bean class="org.apache.cxf.feature.LoggingFeature"/>
        </jaxws:features>
    </jaxws:endpoint>     
</beans>
2,对生成的wsdl文件修改:
把<soap:address location="http://localhost:9090/WSproviderPort"/>
改成<soap:address location="http://localhost:8080/prjCXFWeb/services/WSCXFProviderPort" />
在你的src下新建一个wsdl文件,把改后的wsdl copy到此【为了对应bean.xml中的wsdlLocation】。

3,在web.xml中加入:
  <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>WEB-INF/beans.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>
            org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
        </listener-class>
    </listener>
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>
            org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet
        </servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/services/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
4,将web project发布到web container(e.g tomcat)中,web service便可以被调用了。
在IE中输入 http://localhost:8080/prjCXFWeb/services/WSCXFProviderPort?wsdl,能看到wsdl文件,证明
web service发布成功了。

如果不和Spring集成,可以自己实现一个CXFNonSpringServlet的servlet,在web.xml中配置这个servlet来处理web service的请求.
public class SimpleServlet extends CXFNonSpringServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    public void loadBus(ServletConfig servletConfig) throws ServletException {
        super.loadBus(servletConfig);
        BusFactory.setDefaultBus(getBus());
        Object implementor = new WSCXFProviderImpl();
        Endpoint.publish("/p1", implementor);
    }
}

    <!-- not using Spring -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>
            com.bt.cxf.ws.SimpleServlet
        </servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>CXFServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/services/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
在IE中输入 http://localhost:8080/prjCXFWeb/services/p1?wsdl,能看到wsdl文件,证明

web service发布成功了。[p1对应 ndpoint.publish("/p1", implementor);]

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