Spring boot(9) 的异常,以及异常页面的处理

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一,如果发生错误,

返回的页面内容如下

Whitelabel Error Page

This application has no explicit mapping for /error, so you are seeing this as a fallback.

Thu Aug 04 16:02:48 CST 2016
There was an unexpected error (type=Internal Server Error, status=500).


二,在src/main/resources/templates下面新建error.html,则出现异常会跳转到error.html页面(我的spring boot采用了thymeleaf模板)

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<title>error_test</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
</head>
<body>
	<h5>error page</h5>
</body>
</html>

但是以上的最终展示都对用户不够友好。

三,自定义异常处理

@ControllerAdvice
public class ExeptionHandler {

	@ExceptionHandler(value = Exception.class)
	public ModelAndView defaultErrorHandler(HttpServletRequest req, Exception e) {
		ModelAndView mv = new ModelAndView();
		mv.addObject("e", e);
		mv.addObject("uri", req.getRequestURI());
		return mv;
	}
}
然后修改error.html页面

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<title>error_test</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
</head>
<body>
	<h5>error page</h5>
	<div th:text="${uri}"></div>
	<div th:text="${e.toString()}"></div>
</body>
</html>
测试示例:

		try {
			int a = 100/0;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			throw e;
		}
页面最终显示

error page
/redis/get
java.lang.ArithmeticException: / by zero

四,tips:可以在application.properties里自定义错误页面的请求路径

比如

error.path=/error


具体springboot 异常处理的原理可以阅读 http://www.open-open.com/lib/view/open1446607376779.html

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