kongxx的专栏

有困难要上,没有困难创造困难也要上!

使用C#在应用程序间发送消息

使用C#在应用程序间发送消息

作者:kongxx

首先建立两个C#应用程序项目。

第一个项目包含一个Windows Form(Form1),Form1上有一个Button和一个TextBox

第二个项目包含一个Windows Form(Form1),Form1上有两个Button,分别用来测试第一个应用程序中ButtonClick事件和修改第一个应用程序中TextBox的值。

第一个应用程序中Form的代码如下:

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form {
 private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
 private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1;

 private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

 [STAThread]
 static void Main() {
  Application.Run(new Form1());
 }

 public Form1()
 {
  InitializeComponent();
 }
 protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
 {
  if( disposing )
  {
   if(components != null)
   {
    components.Dispose();
   }
  }
  base.Dispose( disposing );
 }

 #region Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码
 private void InitializeComponent()
 {
  this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
  this.textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
  this.SuspendLayout();
  //
  // button1
  //
  this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 24);
  this.button1.Name = "button1";
  this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
  this.button1.Text = "button1";
  this.button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
  //
  // textBox1
  //
  this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 64);
  this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
  this.textBox1.TabIndex = 1;
  this.textBox1.Text = "textBox1";
  //
  // Form1
  //
  this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(6, 14);
  this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
  this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
  this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
  this.Name = "Form1";
  this.Text = "Form1";  
  this.ResumeLayout(false);

 }
 #endregion

 private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) {
  MessageBox.Show("This is button1 click!");
 }
}

 

第二个应用程序中Form的代码如下:

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

public class TestForm1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form {
 private System.Windows.Forms.Button button1;
 private System.Windows.Forms.Button button2;

 private System.ComponentModel.Container components = null;

 [STAThread]
 static void Main() {
  Application.Run(new TestForm1());
 }

 public TestForm1()
 {
  InitializeComponent();
 }
 protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
 {
  if( disposing )
  {
   if(components != null)
   {
    components.Dispose();
   }
  }
  base.Dispose( disposing );
 }

 #region Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码
 private void InitializeComponent()
 {
  this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
  this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
  this.SuspendLayout();
  //
  // button1
  //
  this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 24);
  this.button1.Name = "button1";
  this.button1.TabIndex = 0;
  this.button1.Text = "button1";
  this.button1.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button1_Click);
  //
  // button2
  //
  this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(32, 64);
  this.button2.Name = "button2";
  this.button2.TabIndex = 0;
  this.button2.Text = "button2";
  this.button2.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.button2_Click);
  //
  // TestForm1
  //
  this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(6, 14);
  this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
  this.Controls.Add(this.button1);
  this.Controls.Add(this.button2);  
  this.Name = "TestForm1";
  this.Text = "TestForm1";  
  this.ResumeLayout(false);

 }
 #endregion

 private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) {
  IntPtr hwnd_win ;   
  IntPtr hwnd_button ;

  hwnd_win = FindWindow("WindowsForms10.Window.8.app3","Form1");
  hwnd_button = FindWindowEx(hwnd_win ,new IntPtr(0) ,"WindowsForms10.BUTTON.app3","button1");  

  const int BM_CLICK = 0x00F5;
  Message msg = Message.Create(hwnd_button ,BM_CLICK ,new IntPtr(0),new IntPtr(0));
  PostMessage(msg.HWnd ,msg.Msg ,msg.WParam ,msg.LParam); 
 }
 private void button2_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e) {
  const int WM_CHAR = 0x0102;
  IntPtr hwnd_win ;
  IntPtr hwnd_textbox ;

  hwnd_win = FindWindow("WindowsForms10.Window.8.app3","Form1");   
  hwnd_textbox = FindWindowEx(hwnd_win ,new IntPtr(0) ,"WindowsForms10.EDIT.app3","textBox1");     
  
  string strtext = "测试aaa";
  UnicodeEncoding encode = new UnicodeEncoding();
  char[] chars = encode.GetChars(encode.GetBytes(strtext));
  Message msg ;
  foreach (char c in chars ) {
   msg = Message.Create(hwnd_textbox ,WM_CHAR ,new IntPtr(c),new IntPtr(0));
   PostMessage(msg.HWnd ,msg.Msg ,msg.WParam ,msg.LParam); 
  }
 }

 [DllImport("user32.dll")]
 public static extern IntPtr FindWindow(string lpClassName, string lpWindowName);
 
 [DllImport("user32.dll")]
 public static extern IntPtr FindWindowEx(IntPtr hwndParent,IntPtr hwndChildAfter,string lpszClass,string lpszWindow);

 [DllImport("user32.dll",CharSet=CharSet.Unicode)]  
 public static extern IntPtr PostMessage(IntPtr hwnd,int wMsg,IntPtr wParam,IntPtr lParam);
}

以上代码可以在VS.NET中编译运行,也可以使用csc.exe编译,如使用一下命令行:

F:>csc.exe Form1.cs

<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

 

F:>csc.exe TestForm1.cs

 

编译后生成两个.exe文件。

首先运行第一个程序,显示Form1窗体,然后运行第二个程序,显示TestForm1窗体。

TestForm1窗体上点击button1按钮(向Form1窗体上的button1发送消息)此时显示对话框提示“This is button1 click!”。

TestForm1窗体上点击button2按钮(向Form1窗体上的textBox1发送消息)此时在Form1上的textBox1上显示“测试aaa”。

阅读更多
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/kongxx/article/details/66805
个人分类: .Net
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

C#实现qq消息的发送

2014年12月08日 67KB 下载

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

不良信息举报

使用C#在应用程序间发送消息

最多只允许输入30个字

加入CSDN,享受更精准的内容推荐,与500万程序员共同成长!
关闭
关闭