Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Sof

tomcat启动时,报异常:

严重: Exception starting filter struts2
Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%206.0/webapps/Mamami/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:53:89
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:431)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:69)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:51)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:275)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.setFilterDef(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:397)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:108)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:3693)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4342)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:761)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:741)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:120)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1023)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1015)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:448)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:552)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
Caused by: Unable to load configuration. - bean - jar:file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%206.0/webapps/Mamami/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:53:89
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:58)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418)
... 29 more
Caused by: Unable to load bean: type: class:org.apache.struts2.views.freemarker.FreemarkerManager - bean - jar:file:/C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%206.0/webapps/Mamami/WEB-INF/lib/struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-default.xml:53:89
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:221)
at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.register(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:101)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:169)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55)
... 31 more
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: freemarker/template/SimpleHash
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2389)
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:1836)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.register(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:211)
... 34 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: freemarker.template.SimpleHash
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1358)
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1204)

... 38 more


1.上来看到C:/Program%20Files/Apache%20Software%20Foundation/Tomcat%206.0中的%,心想难道是tomcat配置的路径中有特殊字符?

先试试,该tomcat的路径,修改环境变量。重启,问题依旧。

2.仔细看异常信息,发现好像是jar包冲突了,打开项目中的lib包与tomcat下的lib包,发现有重复的,将tomcat下的删除,(freemarker-2.3.13.jar、
struts2-core-2.1.6.jar、xwork-2.1.2.jar),重启,ok。


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