前后端分离 SpringBoot + SpringSecurity 权限解决方案

版权声明:有问题欢迎留言,转载请声明出处 https://blog.csdn.net/larger5/article/details/81047869

一、前言

这里写图片描述
之前在团队里边做的项目的基于 session 的登录拦截,属于后端全栈式的开发的模式:
全栈式使用 SpringBoot + SpringSecurity 做登录认证

而公司这边都是前后端分离鲜明的,前端不要接触过多的业务逻辑,都由后端解决,基本思路是这样的:
服务端通过 JSON字符串,告诉前端用户有没有登录、认证,前端根据这些提示跳转对应的登录页、认证页等。

二、代码

代码已经放在github 上了:https://github.com/larger5/SpringBoot_SpringSecurity.git
温馨提示:这些代码都是通用的~~
这里写图片描述

下面给个示例,该自上述的之前的代码

1.AjaxResponseBody 给前端JSON的格式

返回给前端的数据格式

package com.cun.security3.bean;

import java.io.Serializable;

public class AjaxResponseBody implements Serializable{

    private String status;
    private String msg;
    private Object result;
    private String jwtToken;

    public String getStatus() {
        return status;
    }

    public void setStatus(String status) {
        this.status = status;
    }

    public String getMsg() {
        return msg;
    }

    public void setMsg(String msg) {
        this.msg = msg;
    }

    public Object getResult() {
        return result;
    }

    public void setResult(Object result) {
        this.result = result;
    }

    public String getJwtToken() {
        return jwtToken;
    }

    public void setJwtToken(String jwtToken) {
        this.jwtToken = jwtToken;
    }
}

2.AjaxAuthenticationEntryPoint 未登录

用户没有登录时返回给前端的数据

package com.cun.security3.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.cun.security3.bean.AjaxResponseBody;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.web.AuthenticationEntryPoint;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class AjaxAuthenticationEntryPoint implements AuthenticationEntryPoint {

    @Override
    public void commence(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, AuthenticationException e) throws IOException, ServletException {
        AjaxResponseBody responseBody = new AjaxResponseBody();

        responseBody.setStatus("000");
        responseBody.setMsg("Need Authorities!");

        httpServletResponse.getWriter().write(JSON.toJSONString(responseBody));
    }
}

3.AjaxAuthenticationFailureHandler 登录失败

用户登录失败时返回给前端的数据

package com.cun.security3.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.cun.security3.bean.AjaxResponseBody;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AuthenticationFailureHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class AjaxAuthenticationFailureHandler implements AuthenticationFailureHandler {

    @Override
    public void onAuthenticationFailure(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, AuthenticationException e) throws IOException, ServletException {
        AjaxResponseBody responseBody = new AjaxResponseBody();

        responseBody.setStatus("400");
        responseBody.setMsg("Login Failure!");

        httpServletResponse.getWriter().write(JSON.toJSONString(responseBody));
    }
}

4.AjaxAuthenticationSuccessHandler 登录成功

用户登录成功时返回给前端的数据

package com.cun.security3.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.cun.security3.bean.AjaxResponseBody;
import org.springframework.security.core.Authentication;
import org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AuthenticationSuccessHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class AjaxAuthenticationSuccessHandler implements AuthenticationSuccessHandler {

    @Override
    public void onAuthenticationSuccess(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Authentication authentication) throws IOException, ServletException {
        AjaxResponseBody responseBody = new AjaxResponseBody();

        responseBody.setStatus("200");
        responseBody.setMsg("Login Success!");

        httpServletResponse.getWriter().write(JSON.toJSONString(responseBody));
    }
}

5.AjaxAccessDeniedHandler 无权访问

package com.cun.security3.config;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.cun.security3.bean.AjaxResponseBody;
import org.springframework.security.access.AccessDeniedException;
import org.springframework.security.web.access.AccessDeniedHandler;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class AjaxAccessDeniedHandler implements AccessDeniedHandler {

    @Override
    public void handle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, AccessDeniedException e) throws IOException, ServletException {
        AjaxResponseBody responseBody = new AjaxResponseBody();

        responseBody.setStatus("300");
        responseBody.setMsg("Need Authorities!");

        httpServletResponse.getWriter().write(JSON.toJSONString(responseBody));
    }
}

6.SpringSecurityConf 登录拦截全局配置

package com.cun.security3.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.config.http.SessionCreationPolicy;

@Configuration
public class SpringSecurityConf extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    AjaxAuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint;  //  未登陆时返回 JSON 格式的数据给前端(否则为 html)

    @Autowired
    AjaxAuthenticationSuccessHandler authenticationSuccessHandler;  // 登录成功返回的 JSON 格式数据给前端(否则为 html)

    @Autowired
    AjaxAuthenticationFailureHandler authenticationFailureHandler;  //  登录失败返回的 JSON 格式数据给前端(否则为 html)

    @Autowired
    AjaxLogoutSuccessHandler  logoutSuccessHandler;  // 注销成功返回的 JSON 格式数据给前端(否则为 登录时的 html)

    @Autowired
    AjaxAccessDeniedHandler accessDeniedHandler;    // 无权访问返回的 JSON 格式数据给前端(否则为 403 html 页面)

    @Autowired
    SelfAuthenticationProvider provider; // 自定义安全认证

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        // 加入自定义的安全认证
        auth.authenticationProvider(provider);
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {

        http.csrf().disable()

                .httpBasic().authenticationEntryPoint(authenticationEntryPoint)

                .and()
                .authorizeRequests()

                .anyRequest()
                .authenticated()// 其他 url 需要身份认证

                .and()
                .formLogin()  //开启登录
                .successHandler(authenticationSuccessHandler) // 登录成功
                .failureHandler(authenticationFailureHandler) // 登录失败
                .permitAll()

                .and()
                .logout()
                .logoutSuccessHandler(logoutSuccessHandler)
                .permitAll();

        http.exceptionHandling().accessDeniedHandler(accessDeniedHandler); // 无权访问 JSON 格式的数据

    }
}

7.SelfUserDetails 自定义 user 对象

package com.cun.security3.config;

import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Set;

/**
 *  ① 定义 user 对象
 */
public class SelfUserDetails implements UserDetails, Serializable {
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private Set<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities;

    @Override
    public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
        return this.authorities;
    }

    public void setAuthorities(Set<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities) {
        this.authorities = authorities;
    }

    @Override
    public String getPassword() { // 最重点Ⅰ
        return this.password;
    }

    @Override
    public String getUsername() { // 最重点Ⅱ
        return this.username;
    }

    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return true;
    }
}

8.SelfUserDetailsService 用户认证、权限

package com.cun.security3.config;

import org.springframework.security.authentication.encoding.Md5PasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

/**
 *  ② 根据 username 获取数据库 user 信息
 */
@Component
public class SelfUserDetailsService implements UserDetailsService {
    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {

        //构建用户信息的逻辑(取数据库/LDAP等用户信息)
        SelfUserDetails userInfo = new SelfUserDetails();
        userInfo.setUsername(username); // 任意用户名登录

        Md5PasswordEncoder md5PasswordEncoder = new Md5PasswordEncoder();
        String encodePassword = md5PasswordEncoder.encodePassword("123", username); // 模拟从数据库中获取的密码原为 123
        userInfo.setPassword(encodePassword);

        Set authoritiesSet = new HashSet();
        GrantedAuthority authority = new SimpleGrantedAuthority("ROLE_ADMIN"); // 模拟从数据库中获取用户角色

        authoritiesSet.add(authority);
        userInfo.setAuthorities(authoritiesSet);

        return userInfo;
    }
}

9.SelfAuthenticationProvider 前端交互

package com.cun.security3.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationProvider;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.BadCredentialsException;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.encoding.Md5PasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.core.Authentication;
import org.springframework.security.core.AuthenticationException;
import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

@Component
public class SelfAuthenticationProvider implements AuthenticationProvider {
    @Autowired
    SelfUserDetailsService userDetailsService;

    @Override
    public Authentication authenticate(Authentication authentication) throws AuthenticationException {
        String userName = (String) authentication.getPrincipal(); // 这个获取表单输入中返回的用户名;
        String password = (String) authentication.getCredentials(); // 这个是表单中输入的密码;

        Md5PasswordEncoder md5PasswordEncoder = new Md5PasswordEncoder();
        String encodePwd = md5PasswordEncoder.encodePassword(password, userName);

        UserDetails userInfo = userDetailsService.loadUserByUsername(userName);

        if (!userInfo.getPassword().equals(encodePwd)) {
            throw new BadCredentialsException("用户名密码不正确,请重新登陆!");
        }

        return new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(userName, password, userInfo.getAuthorities());
    }

    @Override
    public boolean supports(Class<?> authentication) {
        return true;
    }
}

三、使用 postman 测试 ajax

1.未登录

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2.登录失败

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3.登录成功

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4.注销成功

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四、其他

温馨提示:session+cookie 不安全 ~
上述略有前后端分离的影子,真正前后端开发还要引入 JWT,有空再叙


后来还是写好了:
2018.7.18 更新:前后端分离 SpringBoot + SpringSecurity + JWT + RBAC 实现用户无状态请求验证

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