Spring Boot 2020 官方基础68课程第二十二个 Accessing Data with JPA

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Spring Boot 2020 官方基础68课程第22个 springboot data jpa demo

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创建一个SpringBoot项目,依赖JPA and H2 dependencies.

package com.dongyu.springbootguide22.accessingdatajpa;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Entity
public class Customer {

  @Id
  @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
  private Long id;
  private String firstName;
  private String lastName;

  protected Customer() {}

  public Customer(String firstName, String lastName) {
    this.firstName = firstName;
    this.lastName = lastName;
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
    return String.format(
        "Customer[id=%d, firstName='%s', lastName='%s']",
        id, firstName, lastName);
  }

  public Long getId() {
    return id;
  }

  public String getFirstName() {
    return firstName;
  }

  public String getLastName() {
    return lastName;
  }
}

修改启动类增加Command.

package com.dongyu.springbootguide22;

import com.dongyu.springbootguide22.accessingdatajpa.Customer;
import com.dongyu.springbootguide22.accessingdatajpa.CustomerRepository;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.CommandLineRunner;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;


 

@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {
	private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DemoApplication.class);

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
	}



	@Bean
	public CommandLineRunner demo(CustomerRepository repository) {
	  return (args) -> {
		// save a few customers
		repository.save(new Customer("Jack", "Bauer"));
		repository.save(new Customer("Chloe", "O'Brian"));
		repository.save(new Customer("Kim", "Bauer"));
		repository.save(new Customer("David", "Palmer"));
		repository.save(new Customer("Michelle", "Dessler"));
  
		// fetch all customers
		log.info("Customers found with findAll():");
		log.info("-------------------------------");
		for (Customer customer : repository.findAll()) {
		  log.info(customer.toString());
		}
		log.info("");
  
		// fetch an individual customer by ID
		Customer customer = repository.findById(1L);
		log.info("Customer found with findById(1L):");
		log.info("--------------------------------");
		log.info(customer.toString());
		log.info("");
  
		// fetch customers by last name
		log.info("Customer found with findByLastName('Bauer'):");
		log.info("--------------------------------------------");
		repository.findByLastName("Bauer").forEach(bauer -> {
		  log.info(bauer.toString());
		});
		// for (Customer bauer : repository.findByLastName("Bauer")) {
		//  log.info(bauer.toString());
		// }
		log.info("");
	  };
	}
}

JPA是SpringBoot默认启动的。

 

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