阿里云各种API如何使用

阿里云API调用方法

在这里小小推荐下我的个人博客

csdn:雷园的csdn博客

个人博客:雷园的个人博客

简书:雷园的简书

  1. 添加依赖

        <!-- commons -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang</artifactId>
            <version>2.6</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- api接口 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpcore</artifactId>
            <version>4.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.15</version>
        </dependency>
  1. 下载HttpUtils.java,工具类下载
    或者直接copy这段代码:HttpUtils.java
package com.leiyuan.bs.util;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpDelete;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPut;
import org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.Scheme;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.SchemeRegistry;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.entity.ByteArrayEntity;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;

public class HttpUtils {

    /**
     * get
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doGet(String host, String path, String method,
                                     Map<String, String> headers,
                                     Map<String, String> querys)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpGet request = new HttpGet(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * post form
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param bodys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method,
                                      Map<String, String> headers,
                                      Map<String, String> querys,
                                      Map<String, String> bodys)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (bodys != null) {
            List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairList = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();

            for (String key : bodys.keySet()) {
                nameValuePairList.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key, bodys.get(key)));
            }
            UrlEncodedFormEntity formEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairList, "utf-8");
            formEntity.setContentType("application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8");
            request.setEntity(formEntity);
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Post String
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method,
                                      Map<String, String> headers,
                                      Map<String, String> querys,
                                      String body)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
            request.setEntity(new StringEntity(body, "utf-8"));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Post stream
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPost(String host, String path, String method,
                                      Map<String, String> headers,
                                      Map<String, String> querys,
                                      byte[] body)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (body != null) {
            request.setEntity(new ByteArrayEntity(body));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Put String
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPut(String host, String path, String method,
                                     Map<String, String> headers,
                                     Map<String, String> querys,
                                     String body)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPut request = new HttpPut(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(body)) {
            request.setEntity(new StringEntity(body, "utf-8"));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Put stream
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @param body
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doPut(String host, String path, String method,
                                     Map<String, String> headers,
                                     Map<String, String> querys,
                                     byte[] body)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpPut request = new HttpPut(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        if (body != null) {
            request.setEntity(new ByteArrayEntity(body));
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * Delete
     *
     * @param host
     * @param path
     * @param method
     * @param headers
     * @param querys
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static HttpResponse doDelete(String host, String path, String method,
                                        Map<String, String> headers,
                                        Map<String, String> querys)
            throws Exception {
        HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

        HttpDelete request = new HttpDelete(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
            request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
        }

        return httpClient.execute(request);
    }

    private static String buildUrl(String host, String path, Map<String, String> querys) throws
            UnsupportedEncodingException {
        StringBuilder sbUrl = new StringBuilder();
        sbUrl.append(host);
        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(path)) {
            sbUrl.append(path);
        }
        if (null != querys) {
            StringBuilder sbQuery = new StringBuilder();
            for (Map.Entry<String, String> query : querys.entrySet()) {
                if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
                    sbQuery.append("&");
                }
                if (StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey()) && !StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
                    sbQuery.append(query.getValue());
                }
                if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey())) {
                    sbQuery.append(query.getKey());
                    if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
                        sbQuery.append("=");
                        sbQuery.append(URLEncoder.encode(query.getValue(), "utf-8"));
                    }
                }
            }
            if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
                sbUrl.append("?").append(sbQuery);
            }
        }

        return sbUrl.toString();
    }

    private static HttpClient wrapClient(String host) {
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        if (host.startsWith("https://")) {
            sslClient(httpClient);
        }

        return httpClient;
    }

    private static void sslClient(HttpClient httpClient) {
        try {
            SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
                public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                    return null;
                }

                public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

                }

                public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

                }
            };
            ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
            SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
            ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
            ClientConnectionManager ccm = httpClient.getConnectionManager();
            SchemeRegistry registry = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
            registry.register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));
        } catch (KeyManagementException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ex) {
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        }
    }
}
  1. 从API官方文档中查看调用代码,例如
public static void main(String[] args) {
	    String host = "http://ali-news.showapi.com";
	    String path = "/newsList";
	    String method = "GET";
	    String appcode = "你自己的AppCode";
	    Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>();
	    //最后在header中的格式(中间是英文空格)为Authorization:APPCODE 83359fd73fe94948385f570e3c139105
	    headers.put("Authorization", "APPCODE " + appcode);
	    Map<String, String> querys = new HashMap<String, String>();
	    querys.put("channelId", "5572a108b3cdc86cf39001cd");
	    querys.put("channelName", "channelName");
	    querys.put("maxResult", "20");
	    querys.put("needAllList", "1");
	    querys.put("needContent", "0");
	    querys.put("needHtml", "0");
	    querys.put("page", "1");
	    querys.put("title", "title");


	    try {
	    	/**
	    	* 重要提示如下:
	    	* HttpUtils请从
	    	* https://github.com/aliyun/api-gateway-demo-sign-java/blob/master/src/main/java/com/aliyun/api/gateway/demo/util/HttpUtils.java
	    	* 下载
	    	*
	    	* 相应的依赖请参照
	    	* https://github.com/aliyun/api-gateway-demo-sign-java/blob/master/pom.xml
	    	*/
	    	HttpResponse response = HttpUtils.doGet(host, path, method, headers, querys);
	    	System.out.println(response.toString());
	    	//获取response的body
	    	//System.out.println(EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()));
	    } catch (Exception e) {
	    	e.printStackTrace();
	    }
	}

EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity())即为返回数据。

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