idea导入Maven项目报错,spring boot相关类找不到问题

今天从 http://start.spring.io/ 下载的demo项目,导入idea后,
pom文件一直报 Maven: org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:unknown错
Maven: org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web:unknown错,还有就是依赖的jar包下划红线,
然后感觉就是自己maven镜像里面搜不到这个包。


开始用的这个地址
http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/
结果好多依赖包没有,换成下面地址
http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/repositories/central/

重新导入,问题解决。

这里确实很坑,有些仓库地址的包不全,结果使用后报错,排查原因好费劲。

附上我的maven settings.xml配置
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<settings> 
<localRepository>D:\develop\.m2\repository</localRepository><!--自定义本地仓库路径-->
    <mirrors>
        <mirror>
            <id>alimaven</id>
            <name>aliyun maven</name>
            <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/repositories/central/</url>
            <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
        </mirror>
    </mirrors>

</settings>

ps:关于localRepository的值写法

写法一:默认(没有写localRepository)<localRepository>~/.m2/repository</localRepository>
        或<localRepository>${user.home}/.m2/repository</localRepository>
    “~”代表用户的目录,比如windows下一般都是C:\Documents and Settings\[你的用户名]\

    写法二: 磁盘绝对路径 <localRepository>D:\develop\.m2\repository</localRepository>

    写法三:配置M2_HOME变量 M2_HOME <localRepository>%M2_HOME%/repository</localRepository>

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springboot2.1 引入spring-boot-starter-web时启动 报错

01-21

``` java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [NonLoginAuthenticator[StandardEngine[Tomcat].StandardHost[localhost].TomcatEmbeddedContext[]]] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.report(FutureTask.java:122) [na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.get(FutureTask.java:192) [na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:914) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.startInternal(StandardHost.java:831) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1382) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1372) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run$$$capture(FutureTask.java:266) [na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java) [na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.InlineExecutorService.execute(InlineExecutorService.java:75) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService.submit(AbstractExecutorService.java:134) [na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:907) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.startInternal(StandardEngine.java:262) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.startInternal(StandardService.java:423) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.startInternal(StandardServer.java:933) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.startup.Tomcat.start(Tomcat.java:398) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.initialize(TomcatWebServer.java:106) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.<init>(TomcatWebServer.java:86) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory.getTomcatWebServer(TomcatServletWebServerFactory.java:415) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory.getWebServer(TomcatServletWebServerFactory.java:174) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.createWebServer(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:181) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.onRefresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:154) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:540) [spring-context-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:142) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:775) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:316) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1260) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1248) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at com.example.demo.DemoApplication.main(DemoApplication.java:10) [classes/:na] Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [NonLoginAuthenticator[StandardEngine[Tomcat].StandardHost[localhost].TomcatEmbeddedContext[]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.handleSubClassException(LifecycleBase.java:441) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:198) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:181) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5041) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1382) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1372) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run$$$capture(FutureTask.java:266) [na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java) [na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.InlineExecutorService.execute(InlineExecutorService.java:75) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService.submit(AbstractExecutorService.java:134) [na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:907) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 30 common frames omitted Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1178) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 41 common frames omitted 2019-01-21 22:19:30.303 ERROR 30556 --- [ main] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase : A child container failed during start java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: A child container failed during start at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.report(FutureTask.java:122) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.get(FutureTask.java:192) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:914) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.startInternal(StandardEngine.java:262) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.startInternal(StandardService.java:423) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.startInternal(StandardServer.java:933) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.startup.Tomcat.start(Tomcat.java:398) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.initialize(TomcatWebServer.java:106) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.<init>(TomcatWebServer.java:86) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory.getTomcatWebServer(TomcatServletWebServerFactory.java:415) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory.getWebServer(TomcatServletWebServerFactory.java:174) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.createWebServer(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:181) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.onRefresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:154) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:540) [spring-context-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:142) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:775) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:316) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1260) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1248) [spring-boot-2.1.2.RELEASE.jar:2.1.2.RELEASE] at com.example.demo.DemoApplication.main(DemoApplication.java:10) [classes/:na] Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: A child container failed during start at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:926) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.startInternal(StandardHost.java:831) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1382) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1372) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run$$$capture(FutureTask.java:266) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.InlineExecutorService.execute(InlineExecutorService.java:75) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService.submit(AbstractExecutorService.java:134) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:907) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 21 common frames omitted Caused by: java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [NonLoginAuthenticator[StandardEngine[Tomcat].StandardHost[localhost].TomcatEmbeddedContext[]]] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.report(FutureTask.java:122) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.get(FutureTask.java:192) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:914) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 30 common frames omitted Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [NonLoginAuthenticator[StandardEngine[Tomcat].StandardHost[localhost].TomcatEmbeddedContext[]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.handleSubClassException(LifecycleBase.java:441) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:198) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:181) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5041) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1382) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase$StartChild.call(ContainerBase.java:1372) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run$$$capture(FutureTask.java:266) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.InlineExecutorService.execute(InlineExecutorService.java:75) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.AbstractExecutorService.submit(AbstractExecutorService.java:134) ~[na:1.8.0_191] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.startInternal(ContainerBase.java:907) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 30 common frames omitted Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1178) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] ... 41 common frames omitted Disconnected from the target VM, address: '127.0.0.1:57321', transport: 'socket' 2019-01-21 22:19:30.321 INFO 30556 --- [ main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService : Stopping service [Tomcat] 2019-01-21 22:19:30.322 WARN 30556 --- [ main] ConfigServletWebServerApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextException: Unable to start web server; nested exception is org.springframework.boot.web.server.WebServerException: Unable to start embedded Tomcat 2019-01-21 22:19:30.322 INFO 30556 --- [ main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled. 2019-01-21 22:19:30.333 ERROR 30556 --- [ main] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter : *************************** APPLICATION FAILED TO START *************************** Description: An attempt was made to call the method javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; but it does not exist. Its class, javax.servlet.ServletContext, is available from the following locations: jar:file:/C:/Program%20Files%20(x86)/JAVA/JDK/jre/lib/ext/servlet-api.jar!/javax/servlet/ServletContext.class jar:file:/C:/Mavn/maven-repository/org/apache/tomcat/embed/tomcat-embed-core/9.0.14/tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar!/javax/servlet/ServletContext.class It was loaded from the following location: file:/C:/Program%20Files%20(x86)/JAVA/JDK/jre/lib/ext/servlet-api.jar Action: Correct the classpath of your application so that it contains a single, compatible version of javax.servlet.ServletContext Process finished with exit code 1 ``` idea生成的springboot项目,当pom文件引入spring-boot-starter-web时 启动报错 问答

idea配置spring-boot,引入的test路径找不到

03-12

idea配置spring-boot,引入的test路径找不到 pom配置文件: ``` <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd"> <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion> <parent> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId> <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version> <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository --> </parent> <groupId>com.example</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot</artifactId> <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version> <name>spring-boot</name> <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description> <properties> <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding> <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding> <java.version>1.8</java.version> </properties> <dependencies> <!-- 启动web支持 --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId> </dependency> <!-- 添加单元测试 --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> <!-- 添加处理器,spring-boot默认加载的是yml文件,这个配置就是用于引入传统的xml或properties配置 --> <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-configuration-processor</artifactId> <optional>true</optional> </dependency> </dependencies> <build> <plugins> <plugin> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId> </plugin> </plugins> </build> </project> ``` 报错截图: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201903/12/1552370851_670003.png) 依赖包: ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201903/12/1552370943_799650.png) ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201903/12/1552370954_624153.png) 问答

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