Codeforces Round #279 (Div. 2) F DFS 树上最长上升子序列



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F. Treeland Tour
time limit per test5 seconds
memory limit per test256 megabytes
inputstandard input
outputstandard output
The "Road Accident" band is planning an unprecedented tour around Treeland. The RA fans are looking forward to the event and making bets on how many concerts their favorite group will have.

Treeland consists of n cities, some pairs of cities are connected by bidirectional roads. Overall the country has n - 1 roads. We know that it is possible to get to any city from any other one. The cities are numbered by integers from 1 to n. For every city we know its value ri — the number of people in it.

We know that the band will travel along some path, having concerts in some cities along the path. The band's path will not pass one city twice, each time they move to the city that hasn't been previously visited. Thus, the musicians will travel along some path (without visiting any city twice) and in some (not necessarily all) cities along the way they will have concerts.

The band plans to gather all the big stadiums and concert halls during the tour, so every time they will perform in a city which population is larger than the population of the previously visited with concert city. In other words, the sequence of population in the cities where the concerts will be held is strictly increasing.

In a recent interview with the leader of the "road accident" band promised to the fans that the band will give concert in the largest possible number of cities! Thus the band will travel along some chain of cities of Treeland and have concerts in some of these cities, so that the population number will increase, and the number of concerts will be the largest possible.

The fans of Treeland are frantically trying to figure out how many concerts the group will have in Treeland. Looks like they can't manage without some help from a real programmer! Help the fans find the sought number of concerts.

Input
The first line of the input contains integer n (2 ≤ n ≤ 6000) — the number of cities in Treeland. The next line contains n integers r1, r2, ..., rn (1 ≤ ri ≤ 106), where ri is the population of the i-th city. The next n - 1 lines contain the descriptions of the roads, one road per line. Each road is defined by a pair of integers aj, bj (1 ≤ aj, bj ≤ n) — the pair of the numbers of the cities that are connected by the j-th road. All numbers in the lines are separated by spaces.

Output
Print the number of cities where the "Road Accident" band will have concerts.

Examples
input
6
1 2 3 4 5 1
1 2
2 3
3 4
3 5
3 6
output
4
input
5
1 2 3 4 5
1 2
1 3
2 4
3 5
output
3


题意:

n个城市,n-1条边,任意两个城市都有路径到达。现在一个乐队开演唱会,乐队沿着一条路途径城市。

乐队每开一次演唱会,当前城市的人口数量一定要比之前开演唱会的城市的人口数量多。

每个城市的人口数量为ai,问乐队最多能在多少个城市开演唱会


思路:

其实就是求树上的最长上升子序列。

枚举每个节点当作第一个开演唱会的城市,DFS下去,在链上更新最长上升子序列。

存下当前城市的人口数在栈中的下标。(栈中存的是到当前节点最优的上升子序列)

具体看代码。


代码:

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<string>
#include<vector>
#include <ctime>
#include<queue>
#include<set>
#include<map>
#include<stack>
#include<iomanip>
#include<cmath>
#define mst(ss,b) memset((ss),(b),sizeof(ss))
#define maxn 0x3f3f3f3f
#define MAX 1000100
///#pragma comment(linker, "/STACK:102400000,102400000")
typedef long long ll;
typedef unsigned long long ull;
#define INF (1ll<<60)-1
using namespace std;
int n;
struct edge{
    int v,next;
}e[120010];
int head[6060],tot=0;
int a[6060];
void Add(int u,int v){
    e[tot].v=v;
    e[tot].next=head[u];
    head[u]=tot++;
}
int ans=0;
int dp[6001];
int anw[6001],cnt=0;
void DFS(int u,int fa){
    for(int i=head[u];i!=-1;i=e[i].next){
        int v=e[i].v;
        if(v==fa) continue;
        int f=0,tmp=-1;
        if(a[v]>anw[cnt]){
            anw[++cnt]=a[v];
            dp[v]=cnt;
            f=-1;
        } else {
            int x=lower_bound(anw+1,anw+cnt+1,a[v])-anw;
            tmp=anw[x];
            anw[x]=a[v];
            dp[v]=x;
            f=x;
        }
        DFS(v,u);
        if(f==-1) cnt--;
        else if(f>0){
            anw[f]=tmp;
        }
    }
}
int main(){
    scanf("%d",&n);
    mst(head,-1);
    for(int i=1;i<=n;i++) scanf("%d",&a[i]);
    for(int i=1;i<n;i++){
        int v,u;
        scanf("%d%d",&u,&v);
        Add(u,v);
        Add(v,u);
    }
    for(int i=1;i<=n;i++) {
        mst(dp,0);
        cnt=1;
        anw[1]=a[i];
        DFS(i,0);
        for(int j=1;j<=n;j++) ans=max(ans,dp[j]);
    }
    printf("%d\n",ans);
    return 0;
}


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