Java 模板变量替换——字符串替换器

说明

  • 这里分享 3 种方法,从功能最强大的开始

可选方法

org.apache.commons.text

  • 参考文档:https://commons.apache.org/proper/commons-text/javadocs/api-release/index.html
  • 代码:
     Map valuesMap = new HashMap();
     valuesMap.put("animal", "quick brown fox");
     valuesMap.put("target", "lazy dog");
     String templateString = "The ${animal} jumped over the ${target}.";
     StringSubstitutor sub = new StringSubstitutor(valuesMap);
     String resolvedString = sub.replace(templateString);
    
  • 输出:The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog.
  • 可以为变量设置默认值,格式为:${undefined.number:-1234567890},其中 undefined.number是变量名,:-是分隔符,1234567890是默认值。
  • 代码:
     Map valuesMap = new HashMap();
     valuesMap.put("animal", "quick brown fox");
     valuesMap.put("target", "lazy dog");
     String templateString = "The ${animal} jumped over the ${target}. ${undefined.number:-1234567890}.";
     StringSubstitutor sub = new StringSubstitutor(valuesMap);
     String resolvedString = sub.replace(templateString);
    
  • 输出:The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog. 1234567890.

java.text.MessageFormat

  • 代码:
    Object[] params = new Object[]{"hello", "!"};
    String msg = MessageFormat.format("{0} world {1}", params);
    
  • 输出:hello world!

java.lang.String

  • 代码:
    String s = String.format("My name is %s. I am %d.", "Andy", 18);
    
  • 输出:My name is Andy. I am 18.
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