SpringBoot和Mybatis的整合

版权声明:转载请注明出处! https://blog.csdn.net/litianxiang_kaola/article/details/79481422

这里介绍两种整合SpringBoot和Mybatis的模式,分别是“全注解版” 和 “注解xml合并版”。

前期准备

开发环境

  • 开发工具:IDEA
  • JDK:1.8
  • 技术:SpringBoot、Maven、Mybatis

创建项目





项目结构

Maven依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>demo</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>demo</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.0.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

全注解版

SpringBoot配置文件

这里使用yml格式的配置文件,将application.properties改名为application.yml。

#配置数据源
spring:
  datasource:
     url: jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/dianping?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
     username: root
     password: 123
     driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

SpringBoot会自动加载application.yml相关配置,数据源就会自动注入到sqlSessionFactory中,sqlSessionFactory会自动注入到Mapper中。

实体类

public class Happiness {
    private Long id;
    private String city;
    private Integer num;

    //getters、setters、toString
}

映射类

@Mapper
public interface HappinessDao {
    @Select("SELECT * FROM happiness WHERE city = #{city}")
    Happiness findHappinessByCity(@Param("city") String city);

    @Insert("INSERT INTO happiness(city, num) VALUES(#{city}, #{num})")
    int insertHappiness(@Param("city") String city, @Param("num") Integer num);
}

Service类

事务管理只需要在方法上加个注解:@Transactional

@Service
public class HappinessService {
    @Autowired
    private HappinessDao happinessDao;

    public Happiness selectService(String city){
        return happinessDao.findHappinessByCity(city);
    }

    @Transactional
    public void insertService(){
        happinessDao.insertHappiness("西安", 9421);
        int a = 1 / 0; //模拟故障
        happinessDao.insertHappiness("长安", 1294);
    }
}

Controller类

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/demo")
public class HappinessController {
    @Autowired
    private HappinessService happinessService;

    @RequestMapping("/query")
    public Happiness testQuery(){
        return happinessService.selectService("北京");
    }

    @RequestMapping("/insert")
    public Happiness testInsert(){
        happinessService.insertService();
        return happinessService.selectService("西安");
    }
}

测试

http://localhost:8080/demo/query
http://localhost:8080/demo/insert

注解xml合并版

项目结构

SpringBoot配置文件

#配置数据源
spring:
  datasource:
     url: jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/dianping
     username: root
     password: 123
     driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

#指定mybatis映射文件的地址
mybatis:
  mapper-locations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

映射类

@Mapper
public interface HappinessDao {
    Happiness findHappinessByCity(String city);
    int insertHappiness(HashMap<String, Object> map);
}

映射文件

<mapper namespace="com.example.demo.dao.HappinessDao">
    <select id="findHappinessByCity" parameterType="String" resultType="com.example.demo.domain.Happiness">
        SELECT * FROM happiness WHERE city = #{city}
    </select>

    <insert id="insertHappiness" parameterType="HashMap" useGeneratedKeys="true" keyProperty="id">
        INSERT INTO happiness(city, num) VALUES(#{city}, #{num})
    </insert>
</mapper>

Service类

事务管理只需要在方法上加个注解:@Transactional

@Service
public class HappinessService {
    @Autowired
    private HappinessDao happinessDao;

    public Happiness selectService(String city){
        return happinessDao.findHappinessByCity(city);
    }

    @Transactional
    public void insertService(){
        HashMap<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        map.put("city", "西安");
        map.put("num", 9421);

        happinessDao.insertHappiness(map);
        int a = 1 / 0; //模拟故障
        happinessDao.insertHappiness(map);
    }
}

Controller类

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/demo")
public class HappinessController {
    @Autowired
    private HappinessService happinessService;

    @RequestMapping("/query")
    public Happiness testQuery(){
        return happinessService.selectService("北京");
    }

    @RequestMapping("/insert")
    public Happiness testInsert(){
        happinessService.insertService();
        return happinessService.selectService("西安");
    }
}

测试

http://localhost:8080/demo/query
http://localhost:8080/demo/insert
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