android6.0以后视频录制

效果图:测试手机华为mate8 android7.0

package com.scout.myapplication;

import android.Manifest;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.pm.ActivityInfo;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.graphics.PixelFormat;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.util.SparseIntArray;
import android.view.Surface;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.List;


public class Main2Activity extends Activity implements SurfaceHolder.Callback {
    private SurfaceView mSurfaceView;
    private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder;
    private Button btnStartStop;
    private boolean isRecording = false;//标记是否已经在录制
    private MediaRecorder mRecorder;//音视频录制类
    private Camera mCamera = null;//相机
    private Camera.Size mSize = null;//相机的尺寸
    private int mCameraFacing = Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_BACK;//默认后置摄像头
    private static final SparseIntArray orientations = new SparseIntArray();//手机旋转对应的调整角度
   static final int  REQUEST_CODE_ASK_CALL_PHONE=122;
    static {
        orientations.append(Surface.ROTATION_0, 90);
        orientations.append(Surface.ROTATION_90, 0);
        orientations.append(Surface.ROTATION_180, 270);
        orientations.append(Surface.ROTATION_270, 180);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setWindow();
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main2);
        Accessibility();
    }

    private void setWindow() {
        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);// 去掉标题栏
        getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);// 设置全屏
        // 设置竖屏显示
        setRequestedOrientation(ActivityInfo.SCREEN_ORIENTATION_PORTRAIT);
        // 选择支持半透明模式,在有surfaceview的activity中使用。
        getWindow().setFormat(PixelFormat.TRANSLUCENT);
    }

    private void initViews() {
        mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surfaceview);
        btnStartStop = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnStartStop);
        btnStartStop.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (!isRecording) {
                    startRecord();
                } else {
                    stopRecord();
                }
            }
        });
        SurfaceHolder holder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();// 取得holder
        holder.setFormat(PixelFormat.TRANSPARENT);
        holder.setKeepScreenOn(true);
        holder.addCallback(this); // holder加入回调接口
    }

    /**
     * 初始化相机
     */
    private void initCamera() {
        if (Camera.getNumberOfCameras() == 2) {
            mCamera = Camera.open(mCameraFacing);
        } else {
            mCamera = Camera.open();
        }

        CameraSizeComparator sizeComparator = new CameraSizeComparator();
        Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();

        if (mSize == null) {
            List<Camera.Size> vSizeList = parameters.getSupportedPreviewSizes();
            Collections.sort(vSizeList, sizeComparator);

            for (int num = 0; num < vSizeList.size(); num++) {
                Camera.Size size = vSizeList.get(num);

                if (size.width >= 800 && size.height >= 480) {
                    this.mSize = size;
                    break;
                }
            }
            mSize = vSizeList.get(0);

            List<String> focusModesList = parameters.getSupportedFocusModes();

            //增加对聚焦模式的判断
            if (focusModesList.contains(Camera.Parameters.FOCUS_MODE_CONTINUOUS_VIDEO)) {
                parameters.setFocusMode(Camera.Parameters.FOCUS_MODE_CONTINUOUS_VIDEO);
            } else if (focusModesList.contains(Camera.Parameters.FOCUS_MODE_AUTO)) {
                parameters.setFocusMode(Camera.Parameters.FOCUS_MODE_AUTO);
            }
            mCamera.setParameters(parameters);
        }
        int rotation = getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getRotation();
        int orientation = orientations.get(rotation);
        mCamera.setDisplayOrientation(orientation);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        initCamera();
    }

    @Override
    public void onPause() {
        releaseCamera();
        super.onPause();
    }

    /**
     * 开始录制
     */
    private void startRecord() {

        if (mRecorder == null) {
            mRecorder = new MediaRecorder(); // 创建MediaRecorder
        }
        if (mCamera != null) {
            mCamera.stopPreview();
            mCamera.unlock();
            mRecorder.setCamera(mCamera);
        }
        try {
            // 设置音频采集方式
            mRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.CAMCORDER);
            //设置视频的采集方式
            mRecorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA);
            //设置文件的输出格式
            mRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.MPEG_4);//aac_adif, aac_adts, output_format_rtp_avp, output_format_mpeg2ts ,webm
            //设置audio的编码格式
            mRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB);
            //设置video的编码格式
            mRecorder.setVideoEncoder(MediaRecorder.VideoEncoder.H264);
            //设置录制的视频编码比特率
            mRecorder.setVideoEncodingBitRate(1024 * 1024);
            //设置录制的视频帧率,注意文档的说明:
            mRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(30);
            //设置要捕获的视频的宽度和高度
            mSurfaceHolder.setFixedSize(320, 240);//最高只能设置640x480
            mRecorder.setVideoSize(320, 240);//最高只能设置640x480
            //设置记录会话的最大持续时间(毫秒)
            mRecorder.setMaxDuration(60 * 1000);
            mRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder.getSurface());
            String path = getExternalCacheDir().getPath();
            if (path != null) {
                File dir = new File(path + "/videos");
                if (!dir.exists()) {
                    dir.mkdir();
                }
                path = dir + "/" + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".mp4";
                //设置输出文件的路径
                mRecorder.setOutputFile(path);
                //准备录制
                mRecorder.prepare();
                //开始录制
                mRecorder.start();
                isRecording = true;
                btnStartStop.setText("停止");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     * 停止录制
     */
    private void stopRecord() {
        try {
            //停止录制
            mRecorder.stop();
            //重置
            mRecorder.reset();
            btnStartStop.setText("开始");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        isRecording = false;
    }

    /**
     * 释放MediaRecorder
     */
    private void releaseMediaRecorder() {
        if (mRecorder != null) {
            mRecorder.release();
            mRecorder = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 释放相机资源
     */
    private void releaseCamera() {
        try {
            if (mCamera != null) {
                mCamera.stopPreview();
                mCamera.setPreviewCallback(null);
                mCamera.unlock();
                mCamera.release();
            }
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {
        } finally {
            mCamera = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,
                               int height) {
        // 将holder,这个holder为开始在onCreate里面取得的holder,将它赋给mSurfaceHolder
        mSurfaceHolder = holder;
        if (mCamera == null) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            //设置显示
            mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(holder);
            mCamera.startPreview();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            releaseCamera();
            finish();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        // 将holder,这个holder为开始在onCreate里面取得的holder,将它赋给mSurfaceHolder
        mSurfaceHolder = holder;
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        // surfaceDestroyed的时候同时对象设置为null
        if (isRecording && mCamera != null) {
            mCamera.lock();
        }
        mSurfaceView = null;
        mSurfaceHolder = null;
        releaseMediaRecorder();
        releaseCamera();
    }

    private class CameraSizeComparator implements Comparator<Camera.Size> {
        public int compare(Camera.Size lhs, Camera.Size rhs) {
            if (lhs.width == rhs.width) {
                return 0;
            } else if (lhs.width > rhs.width) {
                return 1;
            } else {
                return -1;
            }
        }
    }
    /**
     * 对于6.0以后的机器动态权限申请
     */
    /**
     * 对于6.0以后的机器动态权限申请
     */
    public void Accessibility() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23) {
            int checkCallPhonePermission = ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(Main2Activity.this, Manifest.permission.CAMERA);
            int checkCallPhonePermission2 = ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(Main2Activity.this, Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE);
            int checkCallPhonePermission3 = ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(Main2Activity.this, Manifest.permission.RECORD_AUDIO);
            if (checkCallPhonePermission != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&checkCallPhonePermission2 != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && checkCallPhonePermission3 != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(Main2Activity.this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.CAMERA,Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE, Manifest.permission.RECORD_AUDIO}, REQUEST_CODE_ASK_CALL_PHONE);
                return;
            } else {
                initViews();

            }
        } else {
            initViews();
        }
    }


    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions, int[] grantResults) {
        switch (requestCode) {
            case REQUEST_CODE_ASK_CALL_PHONE:
                if (grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && grantResults[1] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                    // Permission Granted
                    initViews();

                } else {
                    // Permission Denied
                    Toast.makeText(Main2Activity.this, "CALL_PHONE Denied", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                            .show();
                }
                break;
            default:
                super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
        }
    }

}

布局文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <SurfaceView
        android:id="@+id/surfaceview"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnStartStop"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="55dip"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:text="开始"
        tools:context=".MainActivity" />

</LinearLayout>

权限声明
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" >
</uses-permission>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" >
</uses-permission>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" >
</uses-permission>

注意  如果


targetSdkVersion 在23以下就不会执行动态权限申请    

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