HDU1312——Red and Black (DFS)

Red and Black

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 12907    Accepted Submission(s): 7983


Problem Description
There is a rectangular room, covered with square tiles. Each tile is colored either red or black. A man is standing on a black tile. From a tile, he can move to one of four adjacent tiles. But he can't move on red tiles, he can move only on black tiles.

Write a program to count the number of black tiles which he can reach by repeating the moves described above.
 

Input
The input consists of multiple data sets. A data set starts with a line containing two positive integers W and H; W and H are the numbers of tiles in the x- and y- directions, respectively. W and H are not more than 20.

There are H more lines in the data set, each of which includes W characters. Each character represents the color of a tile as follows.

'.' - a black tile
'#' - a red tile
'@' - a man on a black tile(appears exactly once in a data set)
 

Output
For each data set, your program should output a line which contains the number of tiles he can reach from the initial tile (including itself).
 

Sample Input
6 9
....#......#..............................#@...#.#..#.
11 9
.#..........#.#######..#.#.....#..#.#.###.#..#.#..@#.#..#.#####.#..#.......#..#########............
11 6
..#..#..#....#..#..#....#..#..###..#..#..#@...#..#..#....#..#..#..
7 7
..#.#....#.#..###.###...@...###.###..#.#....#.#..
0 0
 

Sample Output
45
59
6
13

问题描述:'@'位置为人所在的位置,' . '为黑色块, ' # '为红色块,人儿只能走黑色块,问可以走多少块。
其实就是问@旁边有多少' . ' 是连着的
这个和HDU1241找油田那个题很像,不是很难,但是……呵!!!

AC代码

代码1:
和HDU1241做法一样

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include <math.h>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;

char a[21][21];
int b[21][21],m,n,sum;
void dfs(int i,int j)
{
    if(a[i][j]=='#'||i<0||i>m-1||j<0||j>n-1||b[i][j]==1||a[i][j]!='.') 
        return ;
    b[i][j]=1;
    sum++;
    dfs(i+1,j);
    dfs(i-1,j);
    dfs(i,j-1);
    dfs(i,j+1);
}
int main()
{
    while(cin>>n>>m)
    {
        int x,y;
        if(m==0&&n==0) return 0;
        sum=0;
        for(int i=0; i<21; i++)
        {
            for(int j=0; j<21; j++)
            {
                b[i][j]=0;
            }
        }
        for(int i=0; i<m; i++)
        {
            for(int j=0; j<n; j++)
            {
                cin>>a[i][j];
                if(a[i][j]=='@')
                {
                    x=i;
                    y=j;
                    a[i][j]='.';
                }
            }
        }
        dfs(x,y);
        /*for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            for(int j=0;j<m;j++)
            {
                cout<<b[i][j];
            }
            cout<<endl;
        }*/
        cout<<sum<<endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

代码2:

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include <math.h>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;

char a[25][25];
int m,n;
int sum;
void dfs(int i,int j)
{
    a[i][j]='!';///访问过的位置标记成!
    sum++;
    if(i-1>=0&&a[i-1][j]=='.')///各个方向
        dfs(i-1,j);
    if(i+1<m&&a[i+1][j]=='.')
        dfs(i+1,j);
    if(j-1>=0&&a[i][j-1]=='.')
        dfs(i,j-1);
    if(j+1>=0&&a[i][j+1]=='.')
        dfs(i,j+1);
}
int main()
{
    while(cin>>n>>m)
    {
        if(n==0&m==0)
            break;
        for(int i=0; i<m; i++) ///这个地方输入如果改成 for(int i=0; i<n; i++)
             cin>>a[i];        ///                          for(int j=0;j<m;j++)
                               ///                              cin>>a[i][j];
                               ///最后一组数据结果是错的,我也不知道为啥
        sum=0;
        for(int i=0; i<m; i++)
            for(int j=0; j<n; j++)
            {
                if(a[i][j]=='@') ///找人儿的位置,@
                    dfs(i,j);
            }
        cout<<sum<<endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

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