# 2020年OCP考试071真题解析

Which three statements are true about external tables?

A) They can be temporary tables.

B) They can be used in queries containing joins.

C) They can be used in queries containing sorts.

D) Their metadata is stored in the database.

E) DML statements can modify them

F) They can be indexed.

Oracle Database allows you read-only access to data in external tables. External tables are defined as tables that do not reside in the database, and can be in any format for which an access driver is provided. By providing the database with metadata describing an external table, the database is able to expose the data in the external table as if it were data residing in a regular database table. The external data can be queried directly and in parallel using SQL.

You can, for example, select, join, or sort external table data. You can also create views and synonyms for external tables. However, no DML operations (UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE) are possible, and no indexes can be created, on external tables.

External tables also provide a framework to unload the result of an arbitrary SELECT statement into a platform-independent Oracle-proprietary format that can be used by Oracle Data Pump.

Note:

The DBMS_STATS package can be used for gathering statistics for external tables. The ANALYZE statement is not supported for gathering statistics for external tables.

1.DBMS_STATS包可用于收集外部表的统计信息。

2. ANALYZE语句不可以用来收集外部表的统计信息。

The means of defining the metadata for external tables is through the CREATE TABLE...ORGANIZATION EXTERNAL statement. This external table definition can be thought of as a view that allows running any SQL query against external data without requiring that the external data first be loaded into the database. An access driver is the actual mechanism used to read the external data in the table. When you use external tables to unload data, the metadata is automatically created based on the datatypes in the SELECT statement.

Oracle Database provides two access drivers for external tables. The default access driver is ORACLE_LOADER, which allows the reading of data from external files using the Oracle loader technology. The ORACLE_LOADER access driver provides data mapping capabilities which are a subset of the control file syntax of SQL*Loader utility. The second access driver, ORACLE_DATAPUMP, lets you unload data--that is, read data from the database and insert it into an external table, represented by one or more external files--and then reload it into an Oracle Database.

The Oracle Database external tables feature provides a valuable means for performing basic extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL) tasks that are common for data warehousing.

Oracle数据库外部表功能提供了一种宝贵的手段，可以执行数据仓库中常见的基本提取，转换和加载（ETL）任务。

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