让你的Winform应用在运行时可自由拖放控件位置

有这样一个场景,有AB两个客户总对界面摆放有着不同的喜好,一个喜欢查询条件输入区(被放在一个groupbox中)在界面的上半部分,输入区在下半部分(被放在另一个groupbox中),另一个用户则正好相反,所以我们在界面设计确认时今天A在时,我们听他的要求,改一次,明天A去开会了,B来确认,又让我们改回来,几次下来,觉得很痛苦,如果界面有区多的区域,比如说一个查询条件输入区、一个业务数据录入区、一个输出区,这种情况下,客户的喜好更是会让你左改右改,所以我们最后决定提供以GroupBox为单位的,运行时可拖拽上下位置的功能,让不同的客户根据自己的喜好去拖拽,我们后台自动保存设定就是了。

场景描述很复杂,但代码实现却很简练:

一个全权负责拖放管理的类实现:

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
namespace Subindex
{
 /// <summary>
 ///
 /// </summary>
 public  class DragDropAgent//4 groupBox control in runtime dragDrop support, Written By Linnet 2006-4-6
 {
  private DragDropAgent()
  {
   //
   // TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
   //
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 得到一个包含首层父控件的控件的对象名,如form1下groupbox1中的textbox1,将返回form1.textbox1
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="sender">要获得对象名的控件实例</param>
  /// <returns></returns>
  public static string getFullName(Control sender)
  {
   string name=sender.Name;
   while (sender.Parent!=null)
    sender=sender.Parent;
   return sender.Name+"."+name;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 设置指定GroupBox控件的拖放操作,根据CanDrag和CanDrop决定拖出/放入的支持
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="sender">要设置拖放特性的GroupBox对象</param>
  /// <param name="CanDrag">是否可以拖出</param>
  /// <param name="CanDrop">是否可以放入</param>
  public static void DragDropHook(GroupBox sender,bool CanDrag,bool CanDrop)
  {
   if (CanDrag) DragHook(sender);
   if (CanDrop) DropHook(sender); 
   gutPosition(sender);
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 设置指定GroupBox控件的拖放操作,同时支持拖出和放入
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="sender">要设置拖放特性的GroupBox对象</param>
  public static void DragDropHook(GroupBox sender)
  {
   DragDropHook(sender,true,true);
  }

  private static void DragHook(GroupBox sender)
  {
   sender.MouseDown+=new MouseEventHandler(Do_Drag);
  }

  private static void DropHook(GroupBox sender)
  {
   
   sender.AllowDrop=true;
   sender.DragDrop+=new DragEventHandler(Drag_Drop);
   sender.DragEnter+=new DragEventHandler(Drag_Enter);
  }


  private static void Drag_Enter(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e)
  {
   if (e.Data.GetDataPresent(new GroupBox().GetType()))
    e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move ;
  }

  private  static void Do_Drag(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
  {
   (sender as Control) .DoDragDrop(sender, DragDropEffects.Move);

  }

  private static void Drag_Drop(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e)
  {
   try
   {

    GroupBox self=sender as GroupBox;

    GroupBox ct= e.Data.GetData(self.GetType()) as GroupBox;

    if (self==ct) return;

    Control parent=self.Parent;

    int ord=parent.Controls.GetChildIndex(self);

    int ordself=self.Top>ct.Top?ord+1:ord-1;

    DockStyle dss=self.Dock;
    self.Dock=ct.Dock;;
    ct.Dock=dss;
    //    System.Drawing.Point dps=self.Location;
    //    self.Location=ct.Location;
    //    ct.Location=dps;

    if (ordself>ord)
    {
     setPosition(self,ordself);
     setPosition(ct,ord);
    }
    else
    {
     setPosition(ct,ord);
     setPosition(self,ordself);
    }

   }
   catch (Exception ee)
   {
    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(ee.Message,"Error");

   }
  }

  private static void gutPosition(GroupBox sender)
  {

   string order=AppSettings.ReadSetting(getFullName(sender)+":Order");
   string dock=AppSettings.ReadSetting(getFullName(sender)+":Dock");
   try
   {
    int Position=int.Parse(order);
    sender.Parent.Controls.SetChildIndex(sender,Position);
    Position=int.Parse(dock);
    sender.Dock=(DockStyle)Position;
   }
   catch
   {

   }
  }

  private static void setPosition(GroupBox sender,int Position)
  {
   sender.Parent.Controls.SetChildIndex(sender,Position);

   AppSettings.WriteSetting(getFullName(sender)+":Order",Position.ToString());
   AppSettings.WriteSetting(getFullName(sender)+":Dock",((int)sender.Dock).ToString());


  }

 


 }
}

 

 

只要将所有groupBox的Dock属性设为同一方向后,只需要Form_Load时调用只需一句就可实现运行时拖放:

   DragDropAgent.DragDropHook(this.grpIndex);
   DragDropAgent.DragDropHook(this.grpWrap);//可拖动可放入,如果要设计成只可拖动或只可放入的请修改DragDropAgent类的那个实现方法的为public

另外,上述类中使用了负责配置文件写入的AppSettings类,代码也一并给出:

using System;
using System.Xml; 
using System.Configuration;
using System.Reflection;
using System.IO;

namespace Subindex
{
 /// <summary>
 ///
 /// </summary>
 public class AppSettings
 {
  private static readonly string configFile;
  private AppSettings()
  {
   //
   // TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
   //
  }
  static AppSettings()
  {
   configFile=getConfigFilePath();
  }
 
//  public static string ReadSetting(string key)
//  {
//   string s=null;
//   try
//   {
//
//    s= ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings[key];
//   }
//   catch (Exception e)
//   {
//    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(e.Message);
//   }
//   return s;
//  }

 

  public static string ReadSetting(string Key)
  {
   string Path="/configuration/appSettings/add";
   XmlDocument doc = loadConfigDocument();
   //if (doc.SelectSingleNode(Path) == null) return null;
   XmlElement elem = (XmlElement)doc.SelectSingleNode(string.Format(Path+"[@key='{0}']", Key));
   return elem==null?null:elem.GetAttribute("value");;
  }


  public static void WriteSetting(string Key, string Value)
  {
   XmlDocument doc = loadConfigDocument();

   if (doc.SelectSingleNode("//configuration") == null)
    doc.AppendChild(doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element,"configuration",""));

   XmlNode node =  doc.SelectSingleNode("//appSettings");

   if (node == null)
   {
    node=doc.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element,"appSettings","");
    doc.SelectSingleNode("//configuration").AppendChild(node);
    
   }

   try
   {
    XmlElement elem = (XmlElement)node.SelectSingleNode(string.Format("//add[@key='{0}']", Key));

    if (elem != null)
    {
     elem.SetAttribute("value", Value);
    }
    else
    {
     elem = doc.CreateElement("add");
     elem.SetAttribute("key", Key);
     elem.SetAttribute("value", Value);
     node.AppendChild(elem);
    }
    doc.Save(configFile);
   }
   catch
   {
    throw;
   }
  }

  public static void RemoveSetting(string key)
  {
   XmlDocument doc = loadConfigDocument();

   XmlNode node =  doc.SelectSingleNode("//appSettings");

   try
   {
    if (node == null)
     throw new InvalidOperationException("appSettings section not found in config file.");
    else
    {
     node.RemoveChild(node.SelectSingleNode(string.Format("//add[@key='{0}']", key)));
     doc.Save(configFile);
    }
   }
   catch (NullReferenceException e)
   {
    throw new Exception(string.Format("The key {0} does not exist.", key), e);
   }
  }

  private static XmlDocument loadConfigDocument()
  {
   XmlDocument doc = null;
   try
   {
    doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.Load(configFile);
   }
   catch (Exception e)
   {
    System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show(e.Message);
   }
   return doc;

  }

  public static string getConfigFilePath()
  {
   string configFile=Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location + ".config";
   if (!File.Exists(configFile)) CreateFile(configFile);
   return configFile;
  }

  public static bool ConfigFileExist()
  {
   string configFile=Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().Location + ".config";
   return File.Exists(configFile);
  }

  private static void CreateFile(string FileName)
  {
   XmlTextWriter writer = new XmlTextWriter(FileName,System.Text.Encoding.Default);
   writer.WriteStartElement("configuration");
   writer.WriteStartElement("appSettings");
   writer.WriteEndElement() ;
   writer.Flush();
   writer.Close();
  }
 }

}

 
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