python在线编译器的简单原理及简单实现

我们先来看一下效果(简单的写了一个):





原理:将post请求的代码数据写入了服务器的一个文件,然后用服务器的python编译器执行返回结果


实现代码:

#flaskrun.py
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# __author__="ZJL"

from flask import Flask
from flask import request
from flask import Response
import json
import zxby

app = Flask(__name__)


def Response_headers(content):
    resp = Response(content)
    resp.headers['Access-Control-Allow-Origin'] = '*'
    return resp


@app.route('/')
def hello_world():
    return Response_headers('hello world!!!')


@app.route('/run', methods=['POST'])
def run():
    if request.method == 'POST' and request.form['code']:
        code = request.form['code']
        print(code)
        jsondata = zxby.main(code)
        return Response_headers(str(jsondata))


@app.errorhandler(403)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "403"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


@app.errorhandler(404)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "404"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


@app.errorhandler(400)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "400"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


@app.errorhandler(405)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "405"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


@app.errorhandler(410)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "410"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


@app.errorhandler(500)
def page_not_found(error):
    content = json.dumps({"error_code": "500"})
    resp = Response_headers(content)
    return resp


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run(debug=True)

#zxby.py
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# __author__="ZJL"

import os, sys, subprocess, tempfile, time

# 创建临时文件夹,返回临时文件夹路径
TempFile = tempfile.mkdtemp(suffix='_test', prefix='python_')
# 文件名
FileNum = int(time.time() * 1000)
# python编译器位置
EXEC = sys.executable


# 获取python版本
def get_version():
    v = sys.version_info
    version = "python %s.%s" % (v.major, v.minor)
    return version


# 获得py文件名
def get_pyname():
    global FileNum
    return 'test_%d' % FileNum


# 接收代码写入文件
def write_file(pyname, code):
    fpath = os.path.join(TempFile, '%s.py' % pyname)
    with open(fpath, 'w', encoding='utf-8') as f:
        f.write(code)
    print('file path: %s' % fpath)
    return fpath


# 编码
def decode(s):
    try:
        return s.decode('utf-8')
    except UnicodeDecodeError:
        return s.decode('gbk')

    # 主执行函数


def main(code):
    r = dict()
    r["version"] = get_version()
    pyname = get_pyname()
    fpath = write_file(pyname, code)
    try:
        # subprocess.check_output 是 父进程等待子进程完成,返回子进程向标准输出的输出结果
        # stderr是标准输出的类型
        outdata = decode(subprocess.check_output([EXEC, fpath], stderr=subprocess.STDOUT, timeout=5))
    except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
        # e.output是错误信息标准输出
        # 错误返回的数据
        r["code"] = 'Error'
        r["output"] = decode(e.output)
        return r
    else:
        # 成功返回的数据
        r['output'] = outdata
        r["code"] = "Success"
        return r
    finally:
        # 删除文件(其实不用删除临时文件会自动删除)
        try:
            os.remove(fpath)
        except Exception as e:
            exit(1)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    code = "print(11);print(22)"
    print(main(code))
运行app.run()方法,通过post提交代码,就ok了。我们可以对输出结过做进一步的处理,我这只是为了解一下原理,就没继续了。
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