SSM框架系列学习总结0之IDEA+Maven+SSM整合

版权声明:本文为 梦蓝樱飞 原创文章,可以随意转载,但真诚希望在明确位置注明原文超链接的出处!!! 非常感谢! https://blog.csdn.net/menglanyingfei/article/details/79283848

这是我系列总结的最后一篇, 终于弄完了!
虽然有点累, 但是很充实, 很开心, 送一张图片给自己, 哈哈!
开心, SSM

Github地址

https://github.com/menglanyingfei/SSM-Demo

使用IDEA和Maven创建Java Web项目

下面演示直接截图:
image.png
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创建Maven项目时, 这里需要加入一个参数, 否则后面会创建失败:
Properties:
archetypeCatalog=internal
image.png

创建成功:
image.png

然后配置Tomcat服务器, 注意创建的时候选择本地的.
image.png
image.png
image.png

运行成功:
image.png

Github与IntelliJ IDEA整合

参考: http://www.cnblogs.com/MrJun/p/3351478.html

配置Maven依赖

在pom.xml中加入:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.wtu</groupId>
    <artifactId>SSM-Demo</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>SSM-Demo Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

    <properties>
        <!-- spring版本号 -->
        <spring.version>4.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <!-- mybatis版本号 -->
        <mybatis.version>3.2.6</mybatis.version>
        <!-- log4j日志文件管理包版本 -->
        <slf4j.version>1.7.7</slf4j.version>
        <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- 单元测试 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.11</version>
            <!-- 表示开发的时候引入,发布的时候不会加载此包 -->
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- Spring aop依赖包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mybatis核心包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mybatis/spring整合包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 导入java ee jar 包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax</groupId>
            <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
            <version>7.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 导入Mysql数据库链接jar包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.30</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 导入dbcp的jar包, 配置数据库连接池
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        -->

        <!-- 这里使用c3p0数据库连接池 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.5-pre8</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>mchange-commons-java</artifactId>
            <version>0.2.12</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- JSTL标签库 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 日志文件管理包 -->
        <!-- log start -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>${log4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 格式化对象,方便输出日志 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.41</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- log end -->

        <!-- 引入JSON -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
            <version>1.9.13</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 上传组件包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
            <version>1.9</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <finalName>SSM-Demo</finalName>
    </build>
</project>

Spring各模块配置

首先配置Mybatis的全局配置文件 sqlMapConfig.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">

<configuration> 
    <!-- 这里可以配置MyBatis的类型别名, 延迟加载, 二级缓存等等 -->

    <!-- 配置类型别名 -->
    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.wtu.model"/>
    </typeAliases>
</configuration>

spring-mapper.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"

       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd ">

    <!-- 加载属性文件, 从类路径下直接加载 -->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>

    <!-- 注册c3p0数据源 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${user}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${password}"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 注册SqlSessionFactory的对象
        由于SqlSessionFactory是个接口, 所以配置实现类
        然后mybatis和spring整合包正好提供了一个实现类 SqlSessionFactoryBean -->
    <bean id="factory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis/sqlMapConfig.xml"/>
        <!-- 自动扫描SQL映射xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 通过MapperScannerConfigurer批量扫描此包, 生成所有mapper
     接口的代理对象, 并且生成的每一个代理对象的id为接口名, 并且首字母小写 -->
    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.wtu.dao"/>
        <!-- 这里不能配置SqlSessionFactory
         而是需要sqlSessionFactoryBeanName 通过工厂的名字来加载 -->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="factory"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

数据库连接配置的属性文件 jdbc.properties:

driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
url=jdbc:mysql:///ssm-demo
user=root
password=lxy

Spring配置service层

spring-service.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd ">

    <!-- 注册JDBC事务管理器 -->
    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 注册事务切面 -->
    <tx:advice id="tx_advice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="*"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>

    <!-- 配置aop代理对象 -->
    <aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
        <aop:pointcut id="xxx"
                      expression="execution(* com.wtu.service.impl.UserServiceImpl.*(..))"/>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="tx_advice" pointcut-ref="xxx"/>
    </aop:config>

    <!-- 开启spring注解 -->
    <context:annotation-config/>

    <!-- 扫描service包, Ioc容器创建对象 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.wtu.service"/>
</beans>

然后配置log4j:
直接在类路径下添加log4j.properties:

#定义LOG输出级别
log4j.rootLogger=INFO,Console,File
#定义日志输出目的地为控制台
log4j.appender.Console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.Console.Target=System.out
#可以灵活地指定日志输出格式,下面一行是指定具体的格式
log4j.appender.Console.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.Console.layout.ConversionPattern=[%c] - %m%n

#文件大小到达指定尺寸的时候产生一个新的文件
log4j.appender.File = org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
#指定输出目录
log4j.appender.File.File = logs/SSM-Demo.log
#定义文件最大大小
log4j.appender.File.MaxFileSize = 10MB
# 输出所以日志,如果换成DEBUG表示输出DEBUG以上级别日志
log4j.appender.File.Threshold = ALL
log4j.appender.File.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.File.layout.ConversionPattern =[%p] [%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss}][%c]%m%n
建表的SQL语句
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user`;

CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,  
  `user_name` varchar(40) NOT NULL,  
  `password` varchar(255) NOT NULL,  
  `age` int(4) NOT NULL,  
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)  
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;  

/* Data for the table `user` */

insert  into `user`(`id`,`user_name`,`password`,`age`) values (1,'小阳','666',21);

SSM框架——使用MyBatis Generator自动创建代码

参考: http://blog.csdn.net/zhshulin/article/details/23912615
image.png

若没有积分, 下载地址:
https://github.com/menglanyingfei/SSM-Demo/tree/master/MyBatis%20Generator%E8%87%AA%E5%8A%A8%E5%88%9B%E5%BB%BA%E4%BB%A3%E7%A0%81%E5%B7%A5%E5%85%B7

image.png

最后配置springmvc.xml和web.xml

springmvc.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" 
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"

    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd ">

    <!-- 批量扫描Controller包下的所有类, 使用IOC容器创建对象 -->
    <!-- 自动扫描该包, 使SpringMVC认为包下用了@Controller注解的类是控制器 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.wtu.controller"/>

    <!-- 配置注解形式的适配器和映射器 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven />

    <!-- 配置视图解析器 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <!-- 这里的配置, 我的理解是自动给后面controller的方法 return的字符串加上前缀和后缀,
        变成一个可用的url地址. 其实, 我也是这样理解的, 哈哈! -->
        <!-- 前缀 -->
        <property name="prefix" value="/jsp"/>
        <!-- 后缀 -->
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 文件上传 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver"
          class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <!-- 默认编码 -->
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8" />
        <!-- 文件大小最大值 -->
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760000" />
        <!-- 内存中的最大值 -->
        <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960" />
    </bean>
</beans>

web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
         version="3.0">

  <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>

    <!-- 配置全局初始化参数, 加载spring的配置文件 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring/spring-*.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- 编码过滤器, 解决中文乱码 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- Spring监听器, 配置启动服务器就开启springIOC容器的监听器 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <!-- 防止Spring内存溢出的监听器 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!--配置前端控制器 Spring MVC Servlet -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring/springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <!-- 此处可以可以配置成*.do,对应struts的后缀习惯 -->
        <!--<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>-->
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>/index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

Controller中的方法:

/**
 * User类的控制器, 视图显示
 *
 * menglanyingfei
 * on 2017.11.02 17:34
 */

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {
    @Resource
    private UserService userService;

    @RequestMapping("/showUser")
    public String toIndex(HttpServletRequest request, Model model) {
        // 应该这样输入/user/showUser?id=1
        int userId = Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("id"));
        User user = userService.getUserById(userId);
        model.addAttribute("user", user);
        return "/showUser";

//        return "forward:/jsp/showUser.jsp";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/showUser1")
    public ModelAndView home(HttpServletRequest request, Model model) {
        // 应该这样输入/user/showUser1?id=1
        int userId = Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("id"));
        User user = userService.getUserById(userId);
        model.addAttribute("user", user);

        ModelAndView mav = new ModelAndView();

        mav.setViewName("/showUser");

        return mav;
    }
}

然后在浏览器输入
http://localhost:8080/项目名/user/showUser1?id=1

最终结果:
image.png

完整代码地址

https://github.com/menglanyingfei/SSM-Demo

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