Delphi 用WinInet 单元实现 POST提交数据

由于贪方便,用idhttp控件实现POST部分。结果发现频繁提交的时候总产生10054 等N多不可控错误。遂想换其它方法。百度找了下。基本都是靠webbrowser 、idhttp等控件提交的。于是,摸索着用 wininet.dll的api自己实现了一个webpost。效果不错。特地贴上方便自己以后检索。

代码:

function WebPagePost(sURL,sPostData:string):Pointer;stdcall;
const
  RequestMethod = 'POST';
  HTTP_VERSION  = 'HTTP/1.1';  //HTTP版本 我抓包看过 HTTP/1.0 HTTP/1.1。尚未仔细了解其区别。按MSDN来写的。留空默认是1.0
var
  dwSize:DWORD;
  dwFileSize: Int64;
  dwBytesRead,dwReserved:DWORD;
  hInte,hConnection,hRequest:HInternet;
  ContentSize:array[1..1024] of Char;
  HostPort:Integer;
  HostName,FileName,sHeader:String;
  procedure ParseURL(URL: string;var HostName,FileName:string;var HostPort:Integer);
  var
    i,p,k: DWORD;
    function StrToIntDef(const S: string; Default: Integer): Integer;
    var
      E: Integer;
    begin
      Val(S, Result, E);
      if E <> 0 then Result := Default;
    end;
  begin
    if lstrcmpi('http://',PChar(Copy(URL,1,7))) = 0 then System.Delete(URL, 1, 7);
    HostName := URL;
    FileName := '/';
    HostPort := INTERNET_DEFAULT_HTTP_PORT;
    i := Pos('/', URL);
    if i <> 0 then
    begin
      HostName := Copy(URL, 1, i-1);
      FileName := Copy(URL, i, Length(URL) - i + 1);
    end;
    p:=pos(':',HostName);
    if p <> 0 then
    begin
      k:=Length(HostName)-p;
      HostPort:=StrToIntDef(Copy(HostName,p+1,k),INTERNET_DEFAULT_HTTP_PORT);
      Delete(HostName,p,k+1);
    end;
  end;
begin
  Result := Pointer(-1);
  dwFileSize :=0;
  ParseURL(sURL,HostName,FileName,HostPort);
  // 函数原型见 http://technet.microsoft.com/zh-cn/subscriptions/aa385096(v=vs.85).aspx
  hInte := InternetOpen('', //UserAgent
                           INTERNET_OPEN_TYPE_PRECONFIG,nil,nil,0);
  if hInte<>nil then
  begin
    hConnection := InternetConnect(hInte,   // 函数原型见 http://technet.microsoft.com/zh-cn/query/ms909418
                                   PChar(HostName),
                                   HostPort,
                                   nil,
                                   nil,
                                   INTERNET_SERVICE_HTTP,
                                   0,
                                   0);
    if hConnection<>nil then
    begin
      hRequest := HttpOpenRequest(hConnection,  // 函数原型见 http://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/aa917871
                                  PChar(RequestMethod),
                                  PChar(FileName),
                                  HTTP_VERSION,
                                  '', //Referrer 来路
                                  nil,//AcceptTypes 接受的文件类型 TEXT/HTML */*
                                  INTERNET_FLAG_NO_CACHE_WRITE or
                                  INTERNET_FLAG_RELOAD,
                                  0);
      if hRequest<>nil then
      begin
        sHeader := 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' + #13#10;
    //    +'CLIENT-IP: 216.13.23.33'+#13#10
    //    'X-FORWARDED-FOR: 216.13.23.33' + #13#10+; 伪造代理IP

        // 函数原型见 http://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/aa384227(v=VS.85)
        HttpAddRequestHeaders(hRequest,PChar(sHeader),
                              Length(sHeader),
                              HTTP_ADDREQ_FLAG_ADD or HTTP_ADDREQ_FLAG_REPLACE);
        // 函数原型见 http://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/windows/desktop/aa384247(v=vs.85).aspx
        if HttpSendRequest(hRequest,nil,0,PChar(sPostData),Length(sPostData)) then
        begin
          dwReserved:=0;
          dwSize:=SizeOf(ContentSize);
          // 函数原型 http://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/subscriptions/downloads/aa384238.aspx
          if HttpQueryInfo(hRequest,HTTP_QUERY_CONTENT_LENGTH,@ContentSize,dwSize,dwReserved) then
          begin
            dwFileSize:=StrToInt(StrPas(@ContentSize));
            GetMem(Result, dwFileSize);
            InternetReadFile(hRequest,Result,dwFileSize,dwBytesRead);
          end;
        end;
      end;
      InternetCloseHandle(hRequest);
    end;
    InternetCloseHandle(hConnection);
  end;
  InternetCloseHandle(hInte);
end;


调用方法:

WebPagePost('http://www.xxx.com/register.php','user=xxx;pass=xxx');

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/MichaelJScofield/article/details/8798803
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