Mybatis中Collection集合标签的使用

mybatis简单的CURD就不用多说了,网上相关博客文档一大堆。分析一下Mybatis里面的collection聚集查询。
假设一个班级有多名学生为例,通过班级号查询出该班级的信息,和班级里面的所有学生的信息,一般的做法就是通过班级号把班级的信息查询出来,再通过班级ID号把该班级里面的所有学生查询出来,我们不用这种通用的方法

1.班级实体类可以定义为这样:

import java.util.List;

public class ClazzEntity {

    private int clazzID;

    private String clazzName;

    private List<StudentEntity> studentList;

    public int getClassID() {
        return clazzID;
    }

    public int getClazzID() {
        return clazzID;
    }

    public void setClazzID(int clazzID) {
        this.clazzID = clazzID;
    }

    public String getClazzName() {
        return clazzName;
    }

    public void setClazzName(String clazzName) {
        this.clazzName = clazzName;
    }

    public List<StudentEntity> getStudentList() {
        return studentList;
    }

    public void setStudentList(List<StudentEntity> studentList) {
        this.studentList = studentList;
    }
}

学生实体类定义:

package com.cn.hnust.pojo;

public class StudentEntity {

    private int stuID;

    private String stuName;

    private int stuAge;

    private String stuAddress;

    public int getStuID() {
        return stuID;
    }

    public void setStuID(int stuID) {
        this.stuID = stuID;
    }

    public String getStuName() {
        return stuName;
    }

    public void setStuName(String stuName) {
        this.stuName = stuName;
    }

    public int getStuAge() {
        return stuAge;
    }

    public void setStuAge(int stuAge) {
        this.stuAge = stuAge;
    }

    public String getStuAddress() {
        return stuAddress;
    }

    public void setStuAddress(String stuAddress) {
        this.stuAddress = stuAddress;
    }
}

2.数据库建表语句:

CREATE TABLE student_t
(
stuno INT PRIMARY KEY,
stuname VARCHAR(20),
stuage INT,
stuaddress VARCHAR(20) ,
classid INT
);
CREATE TABLE class_t
(
classid INT PRIMARY KEY,
classname VARCHAR(20)
);

插入数据记录如图所示:
3.查询ClazzEntity中的学生信息列表StudentEntity,通过mybatis中的collection标签来配置,其中,ofType是查询返回的学生信息对应的实体类,select为要执行的查询学生列表的查询语句,mybatis的xml配置文件如下所示:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="com.cn.hnust.dao.InfoManageDao" >

  <resultMap id="ClazzResultMap" type="com.cn.hnust.pojo.ClazzEntity" >
    <id column="classID" property="clazzID" jdbcType="INTEGER" />
    <result column="className" property="clazzName" jdbcType="VARCHAR" />
    <collection property="studentList" column="classID" javaType="ArrayList" 
                ofType="com.cn.hnust.pojo.StudentEntity" select="getStudentByClassID"/>
  </resultMap>

  <resultMap id="StudentResultMap" type="com.cn.hnust.pojo.StudentEntity">  
    <id property="stuID" column="stuID" />  
    <result property="stuName" column="stuName" />  
    <result property="stuAge" column="stuAge" />  
    <result property="stuAddress" column="stuAddress" />
  </resultMap>  

<select id="getClassByID" resultMap="ClazzResultMap" parameterType="java.lang.Integer" >
    select classID,className
    from class_t
    where classID = #{clazzID}
</select>

<select id="getStudentByClassID" resultMap="StudentResultMap" parameterType="java.lang.Integer" >
    select stuID,stuName,stuAge,stuAddress,classID
    from student_t
    where classID = #{clazzID}
</select>

</mapper>

这样就可以查到一个班级的信息,和班级里面的所有学生信息:
ClazzEntity [clazzID=1, clazzName=junior, studentList=[StudentEntity [stuID=1001, stuName=wanghai, stuAge=18, stuAddress=beijing], StudentEntity [stuID=1002, stuName=zhangdong, stuAge=20, stuAddress=shanghai]]]

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