C语言反转单链表

反转单链表

        定义一个函数,输入一个链表的头结点,反转该链表并输出反转后链表的头结点。链表结点定义如下:

        struct node
        {
                int val;
                struct node *pNext;
      };


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

struct node
{
    int val;
    struct node *pNext;
};


struct node *gen()
{
    struct node *pHead = NULL;

    for(int i = 10; i > 0; i--){
        struct node * p = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
        p -> val = i;
        p -> pNext = pHead;
        pHead = p;
    }   
    return pHead;
}

void display(struct node *pHead)
{
    while( pHead != NULL)
    {   
        printf("%d ", pHead->val);
        pHead = pHead->pNext;
    }   
    printf("\n");
}

//递归实现
struct node * reverse(struct node *pHead)
{
    if (pHead == NULL || pHead -> pNext == NULL)
    {   
        return pHead;
    }   
    struct node *p = pHead -> pNext;
    struct node *pNewHead =  reverse(p);
    p -> pNext = pHead;
    pHead ->pNext = NULL;
    return pNewHead;
}

//尾递归实现
struct node * do_reverse_tail(struct node *pHead, struct node *pNewHead)
{
    if(pHead == NULL)
    {
        return pNewHead;
    }
    else
    {
        struct node *pNext = pHead->pNext;
        pHead->pNext = pNewHead;
        return do_reverse_tail(pNext, pHead);
    }
}

struct node * reverse_tail(struct node *pHead)
{
    return do_reverse_tail(pHead, NULL);
}

//迭代实现
struct node * reverse_it(struct node *pHead)
{
    struct node *pNewHead = NULL;
    struct node *pPrev = NULL;
    struct node *pCur = pHead;
    while(pCur != NULL)
    {
        struct node *pTmp = pCur->pNext;
        if(pTmp == NULL)
        {
            pNewHead = pCur;
        }
        pCur->pNext = pPrev;
        pPrev = pCur;
        pCur = pTmp;
    }

    return pNewHead;
}

int main()
{
    struct node *pHead = gen();
    display(pHead);
    pHead = reverse_it(pHead);
    display(pHead);
}



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