Android Retrofit2&OkHttp3添加统一的请求头Header

在使用Retrofit时,有时候需要设置Set-Cookie等请求头,如果每一个url都需要,那么直接来个拦截器就好了。

官方说明:

  • OkHttp3下OkHttpClient的 List< Interceptor> interceptors()方法,返回的是一个不可编辑的列表,如果对其进行编辑会报出UnSupportedOperationException
  • Interceptor的典型使用场景,就是对request和response的Headers进行编辑

如下图所示:

这里写图片描述

注意Header头,不要照抄,要灵活运用。

让所有网络请求都附上你的 token:

Interceptor mTokenInterceptor = new Interceptor() {
    @Override public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
        Request originalRequest = chain.request();
        if (Your.sToken == null || alreadyHasAuthorizationHeader(originalRequest)) {
            return chain.proceed(originalRequest);
        }
        Request authorised = originalRequest.newBuilder()
            .header("Authorization", Your.sToken)
            .build();
        return chain.proceed(authorised);
    }
};
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为OkHttpClient 添加两个以上的拦截器,如下代码所示:

public class RestDataSource implements Repository {

    private final MarvelService mMarvelService;

    @Inject
    public RestDataSource() {
        // Log信息
        HttpLoggingInterceptor loggingInterceptor = new HttpLoggingInterceptor();
        loggingInterceptor.setLevel(HttpLoggingInterceptor.Level.BASIC);

        // 公私密匙
        MarvelSigningInterceptor signingInterceptor = new MarvelSigningInterceptor(
                BuildConfig.MARVEL_PUBLIC_KEY, BuildConfig.MARVEL_PRIVATE_KEY);

        // OkHttp3.0的使用方式
        OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .addInterceptor(signingInterceptor)
                .addInterceptor(loggingInterceptor)
                .build();

        // 选择人物信息
        Gson customGsonInstance = new GsonBuilder()
                .registerTypeAdapter(new TypeToken<List<AvengersCharacter>>() {
                        }.getType(),
                        new MarvelResultsDeserializer<AvengersCharacter>())
                .create();

        // 适配器
        Retrofit marvelApiAdapter = new Retrofit.Builder()
                .baseUrl(MarvelService.END_POINT)
                .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create(customGsonInstance))
                .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
                .client(client)
                .build();

        // 服务
        mMarvelService = marvelApiAdapter.create(MarvelService.class);
    }

    // 返回人物信息
    @Override
    public Observable<List<AvengersCharacter>> getCharacters(int currentOffset) {
        return mMarvelService.getCharacters(currentOffset);
    }
}
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下面来个完整的配置:

import okhttp3.Interceptor;
import okhttp3.OkHttpClient;
import okhttp3.Request;
import okhttp3.Response;
import retrofit2.Retrofit;

public class RetrofitAPIManager {

    public static final String SERVER_URL = "url";

    public static ClientAPI provideClientApi() {
        Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
                .baseUrl(SERVER_URL)
                .client(genericClient())
                .build();
        return retrofit.create(ClientAPI.class);
    }


    public static OkHttpClient genericClient() {
        OkHttpClient httpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .addInterceptor(new Interceptor() {
                    @Override
                    public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
                        Request request = chain.request()
                                .newBuilder()
                                .addHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8")
                                .addHeader("Accept-Encoding", "gzip, deflate")
                                .addHeader("Connection", "keep-alive")
                                .addHeader("Accept", "*/*")
                                .addHeader("Cookie", "add cookies here")
                                .build();
                        return chain.proceed(request);
                    }

                })
                .build();

        return httpClient;
    }
}
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