C# WPF下自定义滚动条ScrollViewer样式

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/mpegfour/article/details/78877654
一、实现对ScrollViewer样式的自定义主要包括:
1、滚动条宽度设置
2、滚动条颜色
3、滚动条圆角
4、滚动条拉动时的效果mouseover
二、实现效果:

三、实现方法
1、创建资源字典(ResourceDictionary)文件
由于style代码比较多,之间在控件文件中加载style比较混乱,也不利于其它窗口复用,这里单独创建了ScrollViewDictionary.xaml文件代码如下:

<ResourceDictionary xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
                    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml">
    <ControlTemplate x:Key="MyScrollViewer" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollViewer}">
        <!--View区域背景色-->
        <Grid x:Name="Grid" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
                <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <Rectangle x:Name="Corner" Grid.Column="1" Fill="White" Grid.Row="1"/>
            <ScrollContentPresenter x:Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter" CanContentScroll="{TemplateBinding CanContentScroll}" CanHorizontallyScroll="False" CanVerticallyScroll="False" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" Grid.Column="0" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Grid.Row="0"/>
            <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar" AutomationProperties.AutomationId="VerticalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Grid.Column="1" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}" Minimum="0" Grid.Row="0" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding VerticalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}" Style="{DynamicResource MyScrollBarStyle}"/>
            <ScrollBar x:Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar" AutomationProperties.AutomationId="HorizontalScrollBar" Cursor="Arrow" Grid.Column="0" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}" Minimum="0" Orientation="Horizontal" Grid.Row="1" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{Binding HorizontalOffset, Mode=OneWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}"  Style="{DynamicResource MyScrollBarStyle}"/>
        </Grid>
    </ControlTemplate>

    
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="ScrollBarDisabledBackground" Color="#F4F4F4"/>

    <Style x:Key="VerticalScrollBarPageButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"/>
        <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
                    <Rectangle Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}"/>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>
    <!--滚动条颜色、圆角等设置-->
    <Style x:Key="ScrollBarThumb" TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
        <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
                    <!--滚动条颜色和圆角设置-->
                    <Rectangle Name="thumbRect" Fill="#03ffea" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3"/>
                    <!--鼠标拉动滚动条时的颜色-->
                    <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True">
                            <Setter Property="Fill" Value="CornflowerBlue" TargetName="thumbRect" />
                        </Trigger>
                    </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>
    <Style x:Key="HorizontalScrollBarPageButton" TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle" Value="true"/>
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent"/>
        <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
                    <Rectangle Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" Height="{TemplateBinding Height}" Width="{TemplateBinding Width}"/>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>
    <Style x:Key="MyScrollBarStyle" TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="AliceBlue"/>
        <Setter Property="Stylus.IsPressAndHoldEnabled" Value="false"/>
        <Setter Property="Stylus.IsFlicksEnabled" Value="false"/>
<!--滚动条宽度-->
        <Setter Property="Width" Value="8"/>
        <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="6"/>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
                    <!--滚动条背景色--> 
                    <Grid x:Name="Bg" Background="#001f55" SnapsToDevicePixels="true" Width="8">
                        <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                            <RowDefinition />
                        </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                        <Track x:Name="PART_Track" IsDirectionReversed="true" IsEnabled="{TemplateBinding IsMouseOver}">
                            <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                                <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageUpCommand}" Style="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                            </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                            <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                                <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageDownCommand}" Style="{StaticResource VerticalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                            </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                            <Track.Thumb>
                                <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}"/>
                            </Track.Thumb>
                        </Track>
                    </Grid>
                    <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
                            <Setter Property="Background" TargetName="Bg" Value="{StaticResource ScrollBarDisabledBackground}"/>
                        </Trigger>
                    </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
        <Style.Triggers>
            <Trigger Property="Orientation" Value="Horizontal">
                <Setter Property="Width" Value="Auto"/>
                <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="0"/>
                <Setter Property="Height" Value="6"/>
                <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="6"/>
                <Setter Property="Background" Value="AliceBlue"/>
                <Setter Property="Template">
                    <Setter.Value>
                        <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ScrollBar}">
                            <Grid x:Name="Bg" Background="Red" SnapsToDevicePixels="true">
                                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                    <ColumnDefinition />
                                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                <Track x:Name="PART_Track"  IsEnabled="{TemplateBinding IsMouseOver}">
                                    <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                                        <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageLeftCommand}" Style="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                                    </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
                                    <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                                        <RepeatButton Command="{x:Static ScrollBar.PageRightCommand}" Style="{StaticResource HorizontalScrollBarPageButton}"/>
                                    </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
                                    <Track.Thumb>
                                        <Thumb Style="{StaticResource ScrollBarThumb}" />
                                    </Track.Thumb>
                                </Track>
                            </Grid>
                            <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                                <Trigger Property="IsEnabled" Value="false">
                                    <Setter Property="Background" TargetName="Bg" Value="{StaticResource ScrollBarDisabledBackground}"/>
                                </Trigger>
                            </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        </ControlTemplate>
                    </Setter.Value>
                </Setter>
            </Trigger>
        </Style.Triggers>
    </Style>
</ResourceDictionary>


2、在窗口中引用资源字典 
<Window.Resources>
        <ResourceDictionary>
            <ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                <ResourceDictionary Source="ScrollViewDictionary.xaml" />
            </ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        </ResourceDictionary>        
    </Window.Resources>
3、scrollViewer中使用新样式
 <ScrollViewer Template="{StaticResource MyScrollViewer}" Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="1" VerticalAlignment="Top" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" x:Name="scrList" Margin="0" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" Height="350" Width="250">
            <StackPanel Orientation="Vertical" Name="layerList" ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" Width="250" >
            </StackPanel>
        </ScrollViewer>

自定义完成,以上是所有步骤和代码,可以根据自己程序的整体设计来更改颜色、宽度、圆角等效果。


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