c++ builder 中的 XMLDocument 类详解(6) - 访问节点属性

//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
#ifndef Unit1H
#define Unit1H
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#include <Classes.hpp>
#include <Controls.hpp>
#include <StdCtrls.hpp>
#include <Forms.hpp>
#include <msxmldom.hpp>
#include <XMLDoc.hpp>
#include <xmldom.hpp>
#include <XMLIntf.hpp>
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
class TForm1 : public TForm
{
__published:    // IDE-managed Components
    TButton *btn_1;
    TButton *btn_2;
    TButton *btn_3;
    TXMLDocument *XMLDocument1;
    void __fastcall FormCreate(TObject *Sender);
    void __fastcall btn_1Click(TObject *Sender);
    void __fastcall btn_2Click(TObject *Sender);
    void __fastcall btn_3Click(TObject *Sender);
private:    // User declarations
public:     // User declarations
    __fastcall TForm1(TComponent* Owner);
};
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
extern PACKAGE TForm1 *Form1;
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#endif
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
#include <vcl.h>
#pragma hdrstop
  
#include "Unit1.h"
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#pragma package(smart_init)
#pragma resource "*.dfm"
TForm1 *Form1;
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
__fastcall TForm1::TForm1(TComponent* Owner)
    : TForm(Owner)
{
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
void __fastcall TForm1::FormCreate(TObject *Sender)
{
    XMLDocument1->LoadFromFile("D:\\code\\B_C_B\\XMLDocument\\test.xml");
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
void __fastcall TForm1::btn_1Click(TObject *Sender)
{
    //获取根元素属性
    _di_IXMLNodeList nodeList;
    _di_IXMLNode node;
  
    //根结点有几个属性
    ShowMessage(IntToStr(XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->AttributeNodes->Count));
  
    //通过属性名访问属性, 一般用 Attributes['属性名']}
    ShowMessage(XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->Attributes["备注"]);
  
    //通过属性位置访问属性, 必须用 AttributeNodes->noces[位置ID]
    ShowMessage(XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->AttributeNodes->Nodes[0]->Text);
  
    //但通过 AttributeNodes['属性名'] 也可以访问属性, 譬如
    ShowMessage(XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->AttributeNodes->FindNode("备注")->Text);
  
    //AttributeNodes 是某个节点的属性列表, 它也是一个节点列表对象, 譬如
    nodeList=XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->AttributeNodes;
    node=nodeList->Nodes[0];
    ShowMessage(node->Text);
    node=nodeList->FindNode("备注");
    ShowMessage(node->Text);
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
  
  
void __fastcall TForm1::btn_2Click(TObject *Sender)
{
    //访问第二个人的属性信息
    _di_IXMLNodeList nodeList;
    _di_IXMLNode node;
  
    nodeList=XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->ChildNodes;
    node=nodeList->Nodes[1];
  
    ShowMessage(IntToStr(node->AttributeNodes->Count));
    ShowMessage(node->Attributes["职务"]);   //副科长
    ShowMessage(node->AttributeNodes->Nodes[0]->Text); //副科长
  
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
void __fastcall TForm1::btn_3Click(TObject *Sender)
{
    //访问某个结点的所有属性
    _di_IXMLNodeList nodeList;
    _di_IXMLNode node;
    int num;
  
    nodeList=XMLDocument1->DocumentElement->ChildNodes;
    node=nodeList->Nodes[0];
    num=node->AttributeNodes->Count;
  
    for(int i=0;i<num;i++)//这不是num-1
        ShowMessage(node->AttributeNodes->Nodes[i]->Text);//分别显示:科长 正局级
}
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------
本博客注有“转”字样的为转载文章,其余为本人原创文章,转载请务必注明出处或保存此段。欢迎交流c++ 编程技术 QQ:290387340
展开阅读全文
博主设置当前文章不允许评论。

没有更多推荐了,返回首页