C# 导出Excel方法总结

转载 2010年06月03日 16:15:00

 #region DataGridView数据显示到Excel
        /// <summary>
        /// 打开Excel并将DataGridView控件中数据导出到Excel
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dgv">DataGridView对象 </param>
        /// <param name="isShowExcle">是否显示Excel界面 </param>
        /// <remarks>
        /// add com "Microsoft Excel 11.0 Object Library"
        /// using Excel=Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
        /// </remarks>
        /// <returns> </returns>
        public bool DataGridviewShowToExcel(DataGridView dgv, bool isShowExcle)
        {
            if (dgv.Rows.Count == 0)
                return false;
            //建立Excel对象
            Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
            excel.Application.Workbooks.Add(true);
            excel.Visible = isShowExcle;
            //生成字段名称
            for (int i = 0; i < dgv.ColumnCount; i++)
            {
                excel.Cells[1, i + 1] = dgv.Columns[i].HeaderText;
            }
            //填充数据
            for (int i = 0; i < dgv.RowCount - 1; i++)
            {
                for (int j = 0; j < dgv.ColumnCount; j++)
                {
                    if (dgv[j, i].ValueType == typeof(string))
                    {
                        excel.Cells[i + 2, j + 1] = "'" + dgv[j, i].Value.ToString();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        excel.Cells[i + 2, j + 1] = dgv[j, i].Value.ToString();
                    }
                }
            }
            return true;
        }
        #endregion

        #region DateGridView导出到csv格式的Excel
        /// <summary>
        /// 常用方法,列之间加/t,一行一行输出,此文件其实是csv文件,不过默认可以当成Excel打开。
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// using System.IO;
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="dgv"></param>
        private void DataGridViewToExcel(DataGridView dgv)
        {
            SaveFileDialog dlg = new SaveFileDialog();
            dlg.Filter = "Execl files (*.xls)|*.xls";
            dlg.FilterIndex = 0;
            dlg.RestoreDirectory = true;
            dlg.CreatePrompt = true;
            dlg.Title = "保存为Excel文件";

            if (dlg.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
            {
                Stream myStream;
                myStream = dlg.OpenFile();
                StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(myStream, System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(-0));
                string columnTitle = "";
                try
                {
                    //写入列标题
                    for (int i = 0; i < dgv.ColumnCount; i++)
                    {
                        if (i > 0)
                        {
                            columnTitle += "/t";
                        }
                        columnTitle += dgv.Columns[i].HeaderText;
                    }
                    sw.WriteLine(columnTitle);

                    //写入列内容
                    for (int j = 0; j < dgv.Rows.Count; j++)
                    {
                        string columnValue = "";
                        for (int k = 0; k < dgv.Columns.Count; k++)
                        {
                            if (k > 0)
                            {
                                columnValue += "/t";
                            }
                            if (dgv.Rows[j].Cells[k].Value == null)
                                columnValue += "";
                            else
                                columnValue += dgv.Rows[j].Cells[k].Value.ToString().Trim();
                        }
                        sw.WriteLine(columnValue);
                    }
                    sw.Close();
                    myStream.Close();
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(e.ToString());
                }
                finally
                {
                    sw.Close();
                    myStream.Close();
                }
            }
        }
        #endregion

        #region DataGridView导出到Excel,有一定的判断性
        /// <summary>
        ///方法,导出DataGridView中的数据到Excel文件
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// 添加 com "Microsoft Excel 11.0 Object Library"
        /// 命名空间:using Excel=Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
        /// 命名空间:using System.Reflection;
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name= "dgv"> DataGridView </param>
        public static void DataGridViewToExcel(DataGridView dgv)
        {


            #region   验证可操作性

            //申明保存对话框
            SaveFileDialog dlg = new SaveFileDialog();
            //默然文件后缀
            dlg.DefaultExt = "xls ";
            //文件后缀列表
            dlg.Filter = "EXCEL文件(*.XLS)|*.xls ";
            //默然路径是系统当前路径
            dlg.InitialDirectory = Directory.GetCurrentDirectory();
            //打开保存对话框
            if (dlg.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.Cancel) return;
            //返回文件路径
            string fileNameString = dlg.FileName;
            //验证strFileName是否为空或值无效
            if (fileNameString.Trim() == " ")
            { return; }
            //定义表格内数据的行数和列数
            int rowscount = dgv.Rows.Count;
            int colscount = dgv.Columns.Count;
            //行数必须大于0
            if (rowscount <= 0)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("没有数据可供保存 ", "提示 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return;
            }

            //列数必须大于0
            if (colscount <= 0)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("没有数据可供保存 ", "提示 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return;
            }

            //行数不可以大于65536
            if (rowscount > 65536)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("数据记录数太多(最多不能超过65536条),不能保存 ", "提示 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return;
            }

            //列数不可以大于255
            if (colscount > 255)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("数据记录行数太多,不能保存 ", "提示 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                return;
            }

            //验证以fileNameString命名的文件是否存在,如果存在删除它
            FileInfo file = new FileInfo(fileNameString);
            if (file.Exists)
            {
                try
                {
                    file.Delete();
                }
                catch (Exception error)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(error.Message, "删除失败 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                    return;
                }
            }
            #endregion
            Excel.Application objExcel = null;
            Excel.Workbook objWorkbook = null;
            Excel.Worksheet objsheet = null;
            try
            {
                //申明对象
                objExcel = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application();
                objWorkbook = objExcel.Workbooks.Add(Missing.Value);
                objsheet = (Excel.Worksheet)objWorkbook.ActiveSheet;
                //设置EXCEL不可见
                objExcel.Visible = false;

                //向Excel中写入表格的表头
                int displayColumnsCount = 1;
                for (int i = 0; i <= dgv.ColumnCount - 1; i++)
                {
                    if (dgv.Columns[i].Visible == true)
                    {
                        objExcel.Cells[1, displayColumnsCount] = dgv.Columns[i].HeaderText.Trim();
                        displayColumnsCount++;
                    }
                }
                //设置进度条
                //tempProgressBar.Refresh();
                //tempProgressBar.Visible   =   true;
                //tempProgressBar.Minimum=1;
                //tempProgressBar.Maximum=dgv.RowCount;
                //tempProgressBar.Step=1;
                //向Excel中逐行逐列写入表格中的数据
                for (int row = 0; row <= dgv.RowCount - 1; row++)
                {
                    //tempProgressBar.PerformStep();

                    displayColumnsCount = 1;
                    for (int col = 0; col < colscount; col++)
                    {
                        if (dgv.Columns[col].Visible == true)
                        {
                            try
                            {
                                objExcel.Cells[row + 2, displayColumnsCount] = dgv.Rows[row].Cells[col].Value.ToString().Trim();
                                displayColumnsCount++;
                            }
                            catch (Exception)
                            {

                            }

                        }
                    }
                }
                //隐藏进度条
                //tempProgressBar.Visible   =   false;
                //保存文件
                objWorkbook.SaveAs(fileNameString, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value,
                        Missing.Value, Excel.XlSaveAsAccessMode.xlShared, Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value,
                        Missing.Value, Missing.Value);
            }
            catch (Exception error)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(error.Message, "警告 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                return;
            }
            finally
            {
                //关闭Excel应用
                if (objWorkbook != null) objWorkbook.Close(Missing.Value, Missing.Value, Missing.Value);
                if (objExcel.Workbooks != null) objExcel.Workbooks.Close();
                if (objExcel != null) objExcel.Quit();

                objsheet = null;
                objWorkbook = null;
                objExcel = null;
            }
            MessageBox.Show(fileNameString + "/n/n导出完毕! ", "提示 ", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);

        }

        #endregion

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