快速验证身份证号码和获取生日、性别

       /// <summary>

        /// 验证身份证号码

        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="Id"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool CheckIDCard(string Id)
        {
            if (Id.Length == 18)
            {
                bool check = CheckIDCard18(Id);
                return check;
            }
            else if (Id.Length == 15)
            {
                bool check = CheckIDCard15(Id);
                return check;
            }
            else
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

        private static bool CheckIDCard18(string Id)
        {
            long n = 0;
            if (long.TryParse(Id.Remove(17), out n) == false || n < Math.Pow(10, 16) || long.TryParse(Id.Replace('x', '0').Replace('X', '0'), out n) == false)
            {
                return false;//数字验证
            }
            string address = "11x22x35x44x53x12x23x36x45x54x13x31x37x46x61x14x32x41x50x62x15x33x42x51x63x21x34x43x52x64x65x71x81x82x91";
            if (address.IndexOf(Id.Remove(2)) == -1)
            {
                return false;//省份验证
            }
            string birth = Id.Substring(6, 8).Insert(6, "-").Insert(4, "-");
            DateTime time = new DateTime();
            if (DateTime.TryParse(birth, out time) == false)
            {
                return false;//生日验证
            }
            string[] arrVarifyCode = ("1,0,x,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2").Split(',');
            string[] Wi = ("7,9,10,5,8,4,2,1,6,3,7,9,10,5,8,4,2").Split(',');
            char[] Ai = Id.Remove(17).ToCharArray();
            int sum = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < 17; i++)
            {
                sum += int.Parse(Wi[i]) * int.Parse(Ai[i].ToString());
            }
            int y = -1;
            Math.DivRem(sum, 11, out y);
            if (arrVarifyCode[y] != Id.Substring(17, 1).ToLower())
            {
                return false;//校验码验证
            }
            return true;//符合GB11643-1999标准
        }
        private static bool CheckIDCard15(string Id)
        {
            long n = 0;
            if (long.TryParse(Id, out n) == false || n < Math.Pow(10, 14))
            {
                return false;//数字验证
            }
            string address = "11x22x35x44x53x12x23x36x45x54x13x31x37x46x61x14x32x41x50x62x15x33x42x51x63x21x34x43x52x64x65x71x81x82x91";
            if (address.IndexOf(Id.Remove(2)) == -1)
            {
                return false;//省份验证
            }
            string birth = Id.Substring(6, 6).Insert(4, "-").Insert(2, "-");
            DateTime time = new DateTime();
            if (DateTime.TryParse(birth, out time) == false)
            {
                return false;//生日验证
            }
            return true;//符合15位身份证标准
        }
        /// <summary>
        ///
根据身份证号获取生日
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="IdCard"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string GetBrithdayFromIdCard(string IdCard)
        {
            string rtn = "1900-01-01";
            if (IdCard.Length == 15)
            {
                rtn = IdCard.Substring(6, 6).Insert(4, "-").Insert(2, "-");
            }
            else if (IdCard.Length == 18)
            {
                rtn = IdCard.Substring(6, 8).Insert(6, "-").Insert(4, "-");
            }
            return rtn;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 根据身份证获取性别
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="IdCard"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string GetSexFromIdCard(string IdCard)
        {
            string rtn;
            string tmp = "";
            if (IdCard.Length == 15)
            {
                tmp = IdCard.Substring(IdCard.Length - 3);
            }
            else if (IdCard.Length == 18)
            {
                tmp = IdCard.Substring(IdCard.Length - 4);
                tmp = tmp.Substring(0, 3);
            }
            int sx = int.Parse(tmp);
            int outNum;
            Math.DivRem(sx, 2, out outNum);
            if (outNum == 0)
            {
                rtn = "女";
            }
            else
            {
                rtn = "男";
            }
            return rtn;

        }


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