spring-bean的4中初始化方式

1、通过@Bean指定init-method和destroy-method;使用如下:

@Component
public class Car {
	
	public Car(){
		System.out.println("car constructor...");
	}
	
	public void init(){
		System.out.println("car ... init...");
	}
	
	public void detory(){
		System.out.println("car ... detory...");
	}
}
@Bean(initMethod="init",destroyMethod="detory")
	public Car car(){
		return new Car();
	}

2、通过让Bean实现InitializingBean(定义初始化逻辑)、DisposableBean(定义销毁逻辑)

@Component
public class Cat implements InitializingBean,DisposableBean {
	
	public Cat(){
		System.out.println("cat constructor...");
	}

	@Override
	public void destroy() throws Exception {
		System.out.println("cat...destroy...");
	}

	@Override
	public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
		System.out.println("cat...afterPropertiesSet...");
	}

}

3、使用JSR250

@PostConstruct:在bean创建完成并且属性赋值完成;来执行初始化方法
@PreDestroy:在容器销毁bean之前通知我们进行清理工作

@Component
public class Dog {
	
	public Dog(){
		System.out.println("dog constructor...");
	}
	
	//对象创建并赋值之后调用
	@PostConstruct
	public void init(){
		System.out.println("Dog....@PostConstruct...");
	}
	
	//容器移除对象之前
	@PreDestroy
	public void detory(){
		System.out.println("Dog....@PreDestroy...");
	}
}

4、BeanPostProcessor:bean的后置处理器;

在bean初始化前后进行一些处理工作

@Component
public class MyBeanPostProcessor implements BeanPostProcessor {

	@Override
	public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
System.out.println("postProcessBeforeInitialization..."+beanName+"=>"+bean);
		return bean;
	}

	@Override
	public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
System.out.println("postProcessAfterInitialization..."+beanName+"=>"+bean);
		return bean;
	}

}
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