保护Android resources文件不被反编译原理分析

保护Android resources文件不被反编译原理分析
0x00前言
本人新手,文章写的如果有不正确的地方烦请各路大神指点
0x01工具
010 Editor
apktool
aapt
文本编辑器
0x02原理
主要是通过HEX修改resources.arsc DataType数据类型来促使apktool无法直接反编译资源文件,从而保护资源文件。
首先我们需要了解一下appt dump resources的基本格式。

resource<Resource ID> <Package Name>:<Type>/<Name>: t=<DataType> d=<Data> (s=<Size> r=<Res0>)
Resource ID R.java中的资源ID 
Package Name 资源所在的的包 
Type 资源的类型 
Name 资源名称 
DataType 数据类型,按照以下枚举类型取值 
Data 资源的值,根据dataType进行解释 
Size 一直为0x0008 
Res0 固定为0x00

通过aapt dump查看apk的资源aapt d --values resources test.apk

Package Groups (1)
Package Group 0 id=0x7f packageCount=1 name=com.example.myapp
  Package 0 id=0x7f name=com.example.myapp
    type 1 configCount=4 entryCount=1
      spec resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: flags=0x40000100
      config ldpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000001 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-ldpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config mdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000002 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-mdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config hdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000003 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-hdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config xhdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000004 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-xhdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
    type 2 configCount=1 entryCount=1
      spec resource 0x7f030000 com.example.myapp:layout/main: flags=0x40000000
      config (default):
        resource 0x7f030000 com.example.myapp:layout/main: t=0x03 d=0x00000000 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/layout/main.xml"
    type 3 configCount=1 entryCount=2
      spec resource 0x7f040000 com.example.myapp:string/app_name: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x7f040001 com.example.myapp:string/hex_test: flags=0x40000000
      config (default):
        resource 0x7f040000 com.example.myapp:string/app_name: t=0x03 d=0x00000005 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "myapp"
        resource 0x7f040001 com.example.myapp:string/hex_test: t=0x03 d=0x00000006 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "hex"

string/hex_test这个值在APP里面不起任何作用,专门用于修改保护资源使用,string值不要使用APP内部调用的资源,如果用正常使用的值修改后会无法正常使用
resource 0x7f040001string/hex_test 的ID t=0x03 DataType数据类型 d=0x00000006 Data 资源值 s=0x0008 r=0x00 Size和Res0
下面就使用010Editor修改t=0x03 0x03修改为0x02或0x01都可以,我修改0x02
用010Editor打开resources.arsc
直接搜索0306000000(为什么这样,因为十六进制搜索需要反过来)
DataType数据类型
直接修改03为02保存,直接替换resources.arsc到apk中
0x03演示
使用apktool反编译进行测试apktool d -f test.apk
直接报错信息如下:

I: Using Apktool 2.0.3 on test.apk
I: Loading resource table...
I: Decoding AndroidManifest.xml with resources...
I: Loading resource table from file: /Users/pwelyn/Library/apktool/framework/1.apk
I: Regular manifest package...
I: Decoding file-resources...
I: Decoding values */* XMLs...
Exception in thread "main" brut.androlib.err.UndefinedResObject: resource spec: 0x7f000006
    at brut.androlib.res.data.ResPackage.getResSpec(ResPackage.java:59)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.ResTable.getResSpec(ResTable.java:65)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.ResTable.getResSpec(ResTable.java:61)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.value.ResReferenceValue.getReferent(ResReferenceValue.java:57)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.value.ResReferenceValue.encodeAsResXml(ResReferenceValue.java:47)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.value.ResScalarValue.encodeAsResXmlValue(ResScalarValue.java:58)
    at brut.androlib.res.data.value.ResScalarValue.serializeToResValuesXml(ResScalarValue.java:75)
    at brut.androlib.res.AndrolibResources.generateValuesFile(AndrolibResources.java:502)
    at brut.androlib.res.AndrolibResources.decode(AndrolibResources.java:252)
    at brut.androlib.Androlib.decodeResourcesFull(Androlib.java:136)
    at brut.androlib.ApkDecoder.decode(ApkDecoder.java:102)
    at brut.apktool.Main.cmdDecode(Main.java:165)
    at brut.apktool.Main.main(Main.java:81)

我使用的是最新版本apktool2.0.3版本,关键错误信息:Exception in thread "main" brut.androlib.err.UndefinedResObject: resource spec: 0x7f000006
0x04修复
手动修复这个错误,也就是根据上面的原理进行反推,看一下错误信息:Exception in thread "main" brut.androlib.err.UndefinedResObject: resource spec: 0x7f000006
首先使用aapt dump查看apk的资源aapt d --values resources test.apk
资源:

Package Groups (1)
Package Group 0 id=0x7f packageCount=1 name=com.example.myapp
  Package 0 id=0x7f name=com.example.myapp
    type 1 configCount=4 entryCount=1
      spec resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: flags=0x40000100
      config ldpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000001 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-ldpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config mdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000002 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-mdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config hdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000003 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-hdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
      config xhdpi-v4:
        resource 0x7f020000 com.example.myapp:drawable/ic_launcher: t=0x03 d=0x00000004 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/drawable-xhdpi-v4/ic_launcher.png"
    type 2 configCount=1 entryCount=1
      spec resource 0x7f030000 com.example.myapp:layout/main: flags=0x40000000
      config (default):
        resource 0x7f030000 com.example.myapp:layout/main: t=0x03 d=0x00000000 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "res/layout/main.xml"
    type 3 configCount=1 entryCount=2
      spec resource 0x7f040000 com.example.myapp:string/app_name: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x7f040001 com.example.myapp:string/hex_test: flags=0x40000000
      config (default):
        resource 0x7f040000 com.example.myapp:string/app_name: t=0x03 d=0x00000005 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (string8) "myapp"
        resource 0x7f040001 com.example.myapp:string/hex_test: t=0x02 d=0x00000006 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)
          (attribute) 0x00000006

关键信息:(attribute) 0x00000006 报错 resource spec: 0x7f000006
使用010Editor打开resources.arsc直接搜索06000000
图片描述
直接将DataType数据类型0x02修改为0x03 修改后保存,直接替换resources.arsc到apk中进行反编译测试apktool d -f test.apk
测试通过:

I: Using Apktool 2.0.3 on test.apk
I: Loading resource table...
I: Decoding AndroidManifest.xml with resources...
I: Loading resource table from file: /Users/pwelyn/Library/apktool/framework/1.apk
I: Regular manifest package...
I: Decoding file-resources...
I: Decoding values */* XMLs...
I: Baksmaling classes.dex...
I: Copying assets and libs...
I: Copying unknown files...
I: Copying original files...

0x05结尾
本文只是和各位交流,谢谢。

相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页