Android----- WebView 缓存处理

 

 
 
当我们加载Html时候,会在我们data/应用package下生成database与cache两个文件夹:
我们请求的Url记录是保存在webviewCache.db里,而url的内容是保存在webviewCache文件夹下.
WebView中存在着两种缓存:网页数据缓存(存储打开过的页面及资源)、H5缓存(即AppCache)。


一、网页缓存

1、缓存构成
/data/data/package_name/cache/
/data/data/package_name/database/webview.db

/data/data/package_name/database/webviewCache.db


 

综合可以得知 webview 会将我们浏览过的网页url已经网页文件(css、图片、js等)保存到数据库表中


缓存模式(5种)
LOAD_CACHE_ONLY:  不使用网络,只读取本地缓存数据
LOAD_DEFAULT:  根据cache-control决定是否从网络上取数据。
LOAD_CACHE_NORMAL: API level 17中已经废弃, 从API level 11开始作用同LOAD_DEFAULT模式
LOAD_NO_CACHE: 不使用缓存,只从网络获取数据.
LOAD_CACHE_ELSE_NETWORK,只要本地有,无论是否过期,或者no-cache,都使用缓存中的数据。
如:www.taobao.com的cache-control为no-cache,在模式LOAD_DEFAULT下,无论如何都会从网络上取数据,如果没有网络,就会出现错误页面;在LOAD_CACHE_ELSE_NETWORK模式下,无论是否有网络,只要本地有缓存,都使用缓存。本地没有缓存时才从网络上获取。
www.360.com.cn的cache-control为max-age=60,在两种模式下都使用本地缓存数据。


总结:根据以上两种模式,建议缓存策略为,判断是否有网络,有的话,使用LOAD_DEFAULT,无网络时,使用LOAD_CACHE_ELSE_NETWORK。


设置WebView 缓存模式

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private void initWebView() { 
           
        mWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true); 
        mWebView.getSettings().setRenderPriority(RenderPriority.HIGH); 
        mWebView.getSettings().setCacheMode(WebSettings.LOAD_DEFAULT); //设置 缓存模式 
        // 开启 DOM storage API 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(true); 
        //开启 database storage API 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDatabaseEnabled(true);  
        String cacheDirPath = getFilesDir().getAbsolutePath()+APP_CACAHE_DIRNAME; 
//      String cacheDirPath = getCacheDir().getAbsolutePath()+Constant.APP_DB_DIRNAME; 
        Log.i(TAG,"cacheDirPath="+cacheDirPath); 
        //设置数据库缓存路径 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDatabasePath(cacheDirPath); 
        //设置  Application Caches 缓存目录 
        mWebView.getSettings().setAppCachePath(cacheDirPath); 
        //开启 Application Caches 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setAppCacheEnabled(true); 
    }



清除缓存

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/**
     * 清除WebView缓存
     */ 
    publicvoid clearWebViewCache(){ 
           
        //清理Webview缓存数据库 
        try
            deleteDatabase("webview.db");  
            deleteDatabase("webviewCache.db"); 
        }catch (Exception e) { 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
        
           
        //WebView 缓存文件 
        File appCacheDir =new File(getFilesDir().getAbsolutePath()+APP_CACAHE_DIRNAME); 
        Log.e(TAG,"appCacheDir path="+appCacheDir.getAbsolutePath()); 
           
        File webviewCacheDir =new File(getCacheDir().getAbsolutePath()+"/webviewCache"); 
        Log.e(TAG,"webviewCacheDir path="+webviewCacheDir.getAbsolutePath()); 
           
        //删除webview 缓存目录 
        if(webviewCacheDir.exists()){ 
            deleteFile(webviewCacheDir); 
        
        //删除webview 缓存 缓存目录 
        if(appCacheDir.exists()){ 
            deleteFile(appCacheDir); 
        
    }


完整代码

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package com.example.webviewtest; 
   
import java.io.File; 
   
import android.app.Activity; 
import android.graphics.Bitmap; 
import android.os.Bundle; 
import android.util.Log; 
import android.view.View; 
import android.webkit.JsPromptResult; 
import android.webkit.JsResult; 
import android.webkit.WebChromeClient; 
import android.webkit.WebSettings; 
import android.webkit.WebSettings.RenderPriority; 
import android.webkit.WebView; 
import android.webkit.WebViewClient; 
import android.widget.RelativeLayout; 
import android.widget.TextView; 
import android.widget.Toast; 
   
public class MainActivity extendsActivity { 
   
    privatestatic final String TAG = MainActivity.class.getSimpleName(); 
    privatestatic final String APP_CACAHE_DIRNAME = "/webcache"
    privateTextView tv_topbar_title; 
    privateRelativeLayout rl_loading; 
    privateWebView mWebView; 
    privateString url; 
   
    @Override 
    protectedvoid onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); 
           
        //url:http://m.dianhua.cn/detail/31ccb426119d3c9eaa794df686c58636121d38bc?apikey=jFaWGVHdFVhekZYWTBWV1ZHSkZOVlJWY&app=com.yulore.yellowsdk_ios&uid=355136051337627 
        url ="http://m.dianhua.cn/detail/31ccb426119d3c9eaa794df686c58636121d38bc?apikey=jFaWGVHdFVhekZYWTBWV1ZHSkZOVlJWY&app=com.yulore.yellowsdk_ios&uid=355136051337627"
        findView(); 
    
   
    privatevoid findView() { 
           
        tv_topbar_title = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_topbar_title); 
           
        rl_loading = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.rl_loading); 
           
        mWebView = (WebView) findViewById(R.id.mWebView); 
           
        initWebView(); 
           
        mWebView.setWebViewClient(newWebViewClient() { 
   
            @Override 
            publicvoid onLoadResource(WebView view, String url) { 
                   
                Log.i(TAG,"onLoadResource url="+url); 
                   
                super.onLoadResource(view, url); 
            
   
            @Override 
            publicboolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView webview, String url) { 
   
                Log.i(TAG,"intercept url="+url); 
                   
                webview.loadUrl(url); 
   
                returntrue
            
   
            @Override 
            publicvoid onPageStarted(WebView view, String url, Bitmap favicon) { 
                   
                Log.e(TAG,"onPageStarted"); 
                   
                rl_loading.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);// 显示加载界面 
            
   
            @Override 
            publicvoid onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) { 
   
                String title = view.getTitle(); 
   
                Log.e(TAG,"onPageFinished WebView title=" + title); 
   
                tv_topbar_title.setText(title); 
                tv_topbar_title.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); 
   
                rl_loading.setVisibility(View.GONE);// 隐藏加载界面 
            
   
            @Override 
            publicvoid onReceivedError(WebView view,int errorCode, String description, String failingUrl) { 
   
                rl_loading.setVisibility(View.GONE);// 隐藏加载界面 
   
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),""
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show(); 
            
        }); 
   
        mWebView.setWebChromeClient(newWebChromeClient() { 
   
            @Override 
            publicboolean onJsAlert(WebView view, String url, String message, JsResult result) { 
   
                Log.e(TAG,"onJsAlert " + message); 
   
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), message, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
   
                result.confirm(); 
   
                returntrue
            
   
            @Override 
            publicboolean onJsConfirm(WebView view, String url, String message, JsResult result) { 
   
                Log.e(TAG,"onJsConfirm " + message); 
   
                returnsuper.onJsConfirm(view, url, message, result); 
            
   
            @Override 
            publicboolean onJsPrompt(WebView view, String url, String message, String defaultValue, JsPromptResult result) { 
   
                Log.e(TAG,"onJsPrompt " + url); 
   
                returnsuper.onJsPrompt(view, url, message, defaultValue, result); 
            
        }); 
           
        mWebView.loadUrl(url); 
    
   
    privatevoid initWebView() { 
           
        mWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true); 
        mWebView.getSettings().setRenderPriority(RenderPriority.HIGH); 
        mWebView.getSettings().setCacheMode(WebSettings.LOAD_DEFAULT); //设置 缓存模式 
        // 开启 DOM storage API 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDomStorageEnabled(true); 
        //开启 database storage API 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDatabaseEnabled(true);  
        String cacheDirPath = getFilesDir().getAbsolutePath()+APP_CACAHE_DIRNAME; 
//      String cacheDirPath = getCacheDir().getAbsolutePath()+Constant.APP_DB_DIRNAME; 
        Log.i(TAG,"cacheDirPath="+cacheDirPath); 
        //设置数据库缓存路径 
        mWebView.getSettings().setDatabasePath(cacheDirPath); 
        //设置  Application Caches 缓存目录 
        mWebView.getSettings().setAppCachePath(cacheDirPath); 
        //开启 Application Caches 功能 
        mWebView.getSettings().setAppCacheEnabled(true); 
    
       
    /**
     * 清除WebView缓存
     */ 
    publicvoid clearWebViewCache(){ 
           
        //清理Webview缓存数据库 
        try
            deleteDatabase("webview.db");  
            deleteDatabase("webviewCache.db"); 
        }catch (Exception e) { 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
        
           
        //WebView 缓存文件 
        File appCacheDir =new File(getFilesDir().getAbsolutePath()+APP_CACAHE_DIRNAME); 
        Log.e(TAG,"appCacheDir path="+appCacheDir.getAbsolutePath()); 
           
        File webviewCacheDir =new File(getCacheDir().getAbsolutePath()+"/webviewCache"); 
        Log.e(TAG,"webviewCacheDir path="+webviewCacheDir.getAbsolutePath()); 
           
        //删除webview 缓存目录 
        if(webviewCacheDir.exists()){ 
            deleteFile(webviewCacheDir); 
        
        //删除webview 缓存 缓存目录 
        if(appCacheDir.exists()){ 
            deleteFile(appCacheDir); 
        
    
       
    /**
     * 递归删除 文件/文件夹
     
     * @param file
     */ 
    publicvoid deleteFile(File file) { 
   
        Log.i(TAG,"delete file path=" + file.getAbsolutePath()); 
           
        if(file.exists()) { 
            if(file.isFile()) { 
                file.delete(); 
            }else if(file.isDirectory()) { 
                File files[] = file.listFiles(); 
                for(int i = 0; i < files.length; i++) { 
                    deleteFile(files[i]); 
                
            
            file.delete(); 
        }else
            Log.e(TAG,"delete file no exists " + file.getAbsolutePath()); 
        
    
   
}
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webviewCacheDemo

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