关于安装linux时要怎么分区的考虑的参考方式?

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对于使用最小化安装的centos7目录列表,注意链接方式的目录会在统计占用空间时不会算入的;


看看占用空间(链接目录不会出现)



ok到这里,是否你知道每一个大概多少足够了?


这里再看眼使用了几年的普通线上web服务器的目录(ubuntu的)



看看占用空间情况(有mysql,nginx,php)

du -h -d 1
796K    ./run
9.4M    ./etc
4.0K    ./opt
1.2G    ./usr
640M    ./lib
4.0K    ./media
4.0K    ./cdrom
172K    ./build
5.0M    ./tmp
4.0K    ./mnt
8.0K    ./srv
4.0K    ./lib64
9.8M    ./bin
272K    ./root
du: cannot access â./proc/2121/task/2121/fd/4â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/2121/task/2121/fdinfo/4â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/2121/fd/4â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/2121/fdinfo/4â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/23692/task/23692/fd/26â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/23692/task/23692/fd/35â: No such file or directory
du: cannot access â./proc/23692/task/23692/fd/39â: No such file or directory
0       ./proc
11M     ./sbin
16K     ./lost+found
264K    ./home
86M     ./boot
328G    ./var
4.0K    ./dev
0       ./sys
330G    .
再看看var中的占用情况(mysql 的data是放在lib中,www是网站与一些相关备份)

ll
total 72
drwxr-xr-x 15 root root      4096 Sep 23 02:50 ./
drwxr-xr-x 24 root root      4096 Sep 23 02:45 ../
drwxrwxrwx  3 root root      4096 Sep 25 06:33 backups/
drwxr-xr-x 11 root root      4096 Sep 24 19:04 cache/
drwxrwsrwt  2 root whoopsie  4096 Nov 14 06:25 crash/
drwxr-xr-x 47 root root      4096 Sep 24 19:02 lib/
drwxrwsr-x  2 root staff     4096 Jan 21  2011 local/
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         9 Sep 23 02:50 lock -> /run/lock/
drwxrwxr-x 15 root syslog    4096 Nov 19 06:47 log/
drwx------  2 root root     16384 May 21  2011 lost+found/
drwxrwsr-x  2 root mail      4096 May 21  2011 mail/
drwxrwsrwt  2 root whoopsie  4096 Sep 23 02:44 metrics/
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root      4096 May 21  2011 opt/
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root         4 Sep 23 02:50 run -> /run/
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root      4096 Sep 23 04:01 spool/
drwxrwxrwt  2 root root      4096 Sep 23 03:04 tmp/
drwxr-xr-x 12 root root      4096 Nov 13 10:30 www/
占用空间
/var# du -h -d 1
16G     ./lib
9.9G    ./log
41G     ./backups
4.0K    ./opt
4.0K    ./local
36K     ./spool
16K     ./lost+found
4.0K    ./mail
17M     ./crash
639M    ./cache
4.0K    ./metrics
262G    ./www
4.0K    ./tmp
328G    .

var/www就没有什么好多说了.自己决定的

看看除了mysql外,其它东西占用多

/var# du -h -d 1 /var/lib/
12M     /var/lib/php5
4.0K    /var/lib/misc
15G     /var/lib/mysql
8.0K    /var/lib/update-manager
8.0K    /var/lib/sudo
8.0K    /var/lib/ureadahead
496K    /var/lib/usbutils
20K     /var/lib/update-notifier
74M     /var/lib/mlocate
12K     /var/lib/sgml-base
12K     /var/lib/locales
140K    /var/lib/ucf
8.0K    /var/lib/vim
4.0K    /var/lib/update-rc.d
20K     /var/lib/initramfs-tools
14M     /var/lib/aptitude
52K     /var/lib/belocs
4.0K    /var/lib/initscripts
4.0K    /var/lib/dhcp
4.0K    /var/lib/ubuntu-release-upgrader
32K     /var/lib/apache2
4.0K    /var/lib/git
8.0K    /var/lib/logrotate
4.0K    /var/lib/landscape
4.0K    /var/lib/os-prober
4.0M    /var/lib/nginx
12K     /var/lib/AccountsService
24K     /var/lib/libxml-sax-perl
12K     /var/lib/xml-core
8.0K    /var/lib/dbus
3.7M    /var/lib/apt-xapian-index
4.0K    /var/lib/ntpdate
8.0K    /var/lib/apparmor
4.0K    /var/lib/python
48K     /var/lib/nssdb
32M     /var/lib/dpkg
146M    /var/lib/apt
8.0K    /var/lib/pycentral
4.0K    /var/lib/plymouth
4.0K    /var/lib/libuuid
28K     /var/lib/polkit-1
28K     /var/lib/pam
8.0K    /var/lib/urandom
32K     /var/lib/systemd
4.0K    /var/lib/insserv
16G     /var/lib/


再看眼没用上的阿里去的服务器

[root@lsqvps /]# ll
total 96
dr-xr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23 15:55 bin
dr-xr-xr-x.  4 root root  4096 Jul 30  2013 boot
drwxr-xr-x   5 root root  4096 Sep 24 17:20 data
drwxr-xr-x  15 root root  3220 Oct  9 08:39 dev
drwxr-xr-x. 61 root root  4096 Oct  9 08:39 etc
drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root  4096 Sep 24 17:17 home
dr-xr-xr-x.  8 root root  4096 Mar 14  2014 lib
dr-xr-xr-x.  7 root root 12288 Sep 23 15:54 lib64
drwx------.  2 root root 16384 Dec 17  2012 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23  2011 media
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23  2011 mnt
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23  2011 opt
dr-xr-xr-x  87 root root     0 Oct  9 16:39 proc
dr-xr-x---.  5 root root  4096 Sep 24 16:56 root
dr-xr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23 15:55 sbin
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Dec 17  2012 selinux
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root  4096 Sep 23  2011 srv
drwxr-xr-x  13 root root     0 Oct  9 16:39 sys
drwxrwxrwt.  3 root root  4096 Oct  9 08:39 tmp
drwxr-xr-x. 13 root root  4096 Dec 17  2012 usr
drwxr-xr-x. 17 root root  4096 Sep 24 16:36 var

占用空间

[root@lsqvps /]# du -h --max-depth=1
164K    ./dev
5.8M    ./bin
0       ./sys
4.0K    ./mnt
17M     ./lib64
39M     ./boot
245M    ./var
278M    ./root
778M    ./usr
4.0K    ./selinux
63M     ./data
9.0M    ./sbin
du: cannot access `./proc/8146/task/8146/fd/4': No such file or directory
du: cannot access `./proc/8146/task/8146/fdinfo/4': No such file or directory
du: cannot access `./proc/8146/fd/4': No such file or directory
du: cannot access `./proc/8146/fdinfo/4': No such file or directory
0       ./proc
6.6M    ./etc
8.0K    ./tmp
239M    ./lib
4.0K    ./opt
4.0K    ./media
56K     ./home
20K     ./lost+found
4.0K    ./srv
1.7G    .


ok.到这里是不是就可以知道怎么分了呢.

用得足够久.或是看看别人相同的作用服务器.这里就很容易知道怎么分了.

[root@lsqvps /]# du -h --max-depth=1
164K    ./dev
5.8M    ./bin
0       ./sys
4.0K    ./mnt
17M     ./lib64
39M     ./boot.

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