九、Flink入门--SQL实战

1.环境准备

下载代码并安装环境,前提是准备好Docker环境。

git clone git@github.com:ververica/sql-training.git
cd sql-training
docker-compose up -d

会先下载以来镜像,时间比较慢,耐心等待。
接下来进入sql-client

docker-compose exec sql-client ./sql-client.sh

2.实战演示

表定义,Rides表,类型是source表,更新模式为追加。

tables:
   - name: Rides #表名
    type: source #表类型
    update-mode: append #更新模式
    schema:
    - name: rideId #路线ID
      type: LONG
    - name: taxiId #出租车ID
      type: LONG
    - name: isStart #是否出发
      type: BOOLEAN
    - name: lon #经度
      type: FLOAT
    - name: lat #纬度
      type: FLOAT
    - name: rideTime #时间
      type: TIMESTAMP
      rowtime:
        timestamps:
          type: "from-field"
          from: "eventTime"
        watermarks:
          type: "periodic-bounded"
          delay: "60000"
    - name: psgCnt #乘客数量
      type: INT
    connector:
      property-version: 1
      type: kafka
      version: 0.11
      topic: Rides 
      startup-mode: earliest-offset #kafka offset
      properties:
      - key: zookeeper.connect
        value: ${ZOOKEEPER}:2181
      - key: bootstrap.servers
        value: ${KAFKA}:9092
      - key: group.id
        value: testGroup
    format:
      property-version: 1
      type: json
      schema: "ROW(rideId LONG, isStart BOOLEAN, eventTime TIMESTAMP, lon FLOAT, lat FLOAT, psgCnt INT, taxiId LONG)"

2.1 需求一(出现在纽约的行车记录)

判断经纬度是否在纽约的UDF函数如下:

public class IsInNYC extends ScalarFunction {

	public boolean eval(float lon, float lat) {
		return isInNYC(lon, lat);
	}
}

UDF加载定义如下:需要在sql-client启动时加载的配置文件中定义

functions:
- name: isInNYC
  from: class
  class: com.dataartisans.udfs.IsInNYC

查询出现在纽约的行车记录,sql如下:

select * from Rides where isInNYC(lon.lat);

在这里插入图片描述
由于后续我们可能会一直用到纽约市的行车记录,所以我们可以建一个view来方便后续使用,命令如下:

CREATE VIEW nyc_view as select * from Rides where isInNYC(lon.lat);
show tables;

Flink SQL> show tables;
nyc_view
Rides

2.2 需求二(计算搭载每种乘客数量的行车记录数)

sql查询如下:

select psgCnt,count(*) from Rides group by psgCnt;

在这里插入图片描述

2.3 需求三(计算纽约市每个区域5分钟的进入车辆数)

首先需要知道一个经纬度是属于哪个区域的,这就需要再来一个UDF,如下:

public class ToAreaId extends ScalarFunction {

	public int eval(float lon, float lat) {
		return GeoUtils.mapToGridCell(lon, lat);
	}
}
配置文件中定义如下:
functions:
- name: toAreaId
  from: class
  class: com.dataartisans.udfs.ToAreaId

sql实现如下:

select 
toAreaId(lon,lat) as area,
isStart,
TUMBLE_END(rideTime, INTERVAL '5' MINUTE) as window_end,
count(*) as cnt
from Rides
where isInNYC(lon,lat)
group by 
toAreaId(lon,lat), isStart, TUMBLE(rideTime, INTERVAL '5' MINUTE);

在这里插入图片描述

2.4 需求四(将每10分钟搭乘的乘客总数写入Kafka)

首先我们需要定义一个kafka类型的sink表:

- name: Sink_TenMinPsgCnts #表名
    type: sink
    update-mode: append #追加模式
    schema: 
    - name: cntStart #开始时间
      type: TIMESTAMP
    - name: cntEnd #结束时间
      type: TIMESTAMP
    - name: cnt #总数
      type: LONG
    connector:
      property-version: 1
      type: kafka
      version: 0.11
      topic: TenMinPsgCnts
      startup-mode: earliest-offset
      properties: #kafka配置
      - key: zookeeper.connect
        value: zookeeper:2181
      - key: bootstrap.servers
        value: kafka:9092
      - key: group.id
        value: trainingGroup
    format:
      property-version: 1
      type: json
      schema: "ROW(cntStart TIMESTAMP, cntEnd TIMESTAMP, cnt LONG)"

sql语句实现如下:

INSERT INTO Sink_TenMinPsgCnts
select 
TUMBLE_START(rideTime, INTERVAL '10' MINUTE) as cntStart,
TUMBLE_END(rideTime, INTERVAL '10' MINUTE) as cntEnd,
cast(sum(psgCnt) as bigint) as cnt
from Rides
group by TUMBLE(rideTime, INTERVAL '10' MINUTE);

在这里插入图片描述
也可以打开kafka consumer的client查看数据进入情况

docker-compose exec sql-client /opt/kafka-client/bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server kafka:9092 --topic TenMinPsgCnts --from-beginning

2.5 需求五(将每个区域出发的行车数写入到ES)

首先我们需要定义一个Es类型的sink表:

- name: Sink_AreaCnts
    type: sink
    update-mode: upsert
    schema: 
    - name: areaId
      type: INT
    - name: cnt
      type: LONG
    connector:
      type: elasticsearch
      version: 6
      hosts:
        - hostname: "elasticsearch"
          port: 9200
          protocol: "http"
      index: "area-cnts"
      document-type: "areacnt"
      key-delimiter: "$"
    format:
      property-version: 1
      type: json
      schema: "ROW(areaId INT, cnt LONG)"

sql语句执行如下:

insert into Sink_AreaCnts
select toAreaId(lon,lat) as areaId,
count(*) as cnt
from Rides
where isStart
group by toAreaId(lon,lat);

可以访问ES的地址http://localhost:9200/_search?pretty=true查看数据的插入情况。

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