httpcore/httpclient简单实例

httpcore-httpclient-demo.zip

该文档包含: 1. 两个简单的httpcore/httpclient示例。 2. 一份与博客相同的文档。 3. 一份httpcore中文教程电子书。

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  • 项目摘要:

  • 项目具体实施:
  1. httpcore实例
  1. 新建一个maven项目,引入如下jar包:

<dependency>

                     <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>

                     <artifactId>httpcore</artifactId>

                     <version>4.4.9</version>

              </dependency>

              <!-- <dependency>

                     <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>

                     <artifactId>httpcore-nio</artifactId>

                     <version>4.4.4</version>

              </dependency> -->

              <dependency>

                     <groupId>net.sf.json-lib</groupId>

                     <artifactId>json-lib</artifactId>

                     <version>2.4</version>

                     <classifier>jdk15</classifier>

              </dependency>

              <dependency>

                     <groupId>log4j</groupId>

                     <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>

                     <version>1.2.16</version>

              </dependency>

  1. 进入http://hc.apache.org/httpcomponents-core-4.4.x/examples.html网站,选择Synchronous HTTP file server  ,将其代码复制进自己新建的一个类,比如该项目里的Application.java,修改代码如下:

package com;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.apache.http.ExceptionLogger;

import org.apache.http.config.SocketConfig;

import org.apache.http.impl.bootstrap.HttpServer;

import org.apache.http.impl.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;

import com.handle.HttpAdminHandler;

import com.handle.HttpUserHandler;

/**

 *

 * 实例:http://hc.apache.org/httpcomponents-core-4.4.x/examples.html

 */

public class Application {

           public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {

                  try {

                            int port = 8080;

                             SocketConfig socketConfig = SocketConfig.custom()

                                     .setSoTimeout(15000)

                                     .setTcpNoDelay(true)

                                     .build();

                             final HttpServer server = ServerBootstrap.bootstrap()

                                          .setListenerPort(port) //端口号

                                          .setServerInfo("Test/1.1") //

                                          .setSocketConfig(socketConfig)

                                          .setExceptionLogger(ExceptionLogger.STD_ERR)

                                          // 注册httpHandler

                                          //.registerHandler("/user*", new HttpUserHandler())

                                          //.registerHandler("/admin*", new HttpAdminHandler())

                                          .create();

                            server.start();

                            System.out.println("启动成功!");

                            server.awaitTermination(Long.MAX_VALUE, TimeUnit.DAYS);

                            Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {

                                   @Override

                                   public void run() {

                                          server.shutdown(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

                                   }

                            });

                    

                     } catch (IOException e) {

                            e.printStackTrace();

                     } catch (InterruptedException e) {

                            e.printStackTrace();

                     }

           }

}

  1. 上述代码实现了自己的两个业务类,分别是

//.registerHandler("/user*", new HttpUserHandler())

//.registerHandler("/admin*", new HttpAdminHandler())

由于这两个业务类涉及到一个实体类(Admin中未实现其业务)和一个业务类,该项目数据为模拟数据,并没有从数据库保存数据。

其中,实体类User.java为:

package com.entity;

 

import java.io.Serializable;

public class User implements Serializable{

       private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

       private int id;

       private String name;

       private int age;

       private String job;

      

       public User() {

              super();

       }

       public User(int id, String name, int age, String job) {

              super();

              this.id = id;

              this.name = name;

              this.age = age;

              this.job = job;

       }

/*********get / set************/

}

业务类UserService.java为:

  1. 接口类:

package com.service;

import java.util.List;

import com.entity.User;

public interface IUserSevice {

       List<User> getAllUser();

       User getUserById(int id);

       void deleteUserById(int id);

       void addUser(User user);

}

  1. 实现类

package com.service;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.Iterator;

import java.util.List;

 

import com.entity.User;

public class UserService implements IUserSevice{

       private List<User> users=new ArrayList<User>();

     public UserService() {

            users.add(new User(1, "Tom", 12, "java开发"));

            users.add(new User(2, "Jack", 12, "java测试"));

            users.add(new User(3, "David", 12, "Python开发"));

            users.add(new User(4, "Mary", 12, "前端开发"));

            users.add(new User(5, "Smith", 12, "java大数据开发"));

       }

       public List<User> getAllUser() {

              return users;

       }

       public User getUserById(int id) {

              for (User user : users) {

                     if (user.getId()==id) {

                            return user;

                     }

              }

              return null;

       }

       public void deleteUserById(int id) {

              Iterator<User> it=users.iterator();

              while (it.hasNext()) {

                     User user = (User) it.next();

                     if (user.getId()==id) {

                            it.remove();

                     }

              }

       }

       public void addUser(User user) {

              user.getId();

              users.add(user);

       }

}

  1. HttpUserHandler注册类:

package com.handle;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.util.List;

import java.util.Locale;

import org.apache.http.HttpException;

import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;

import org.apache.http.MethodNotSupportedException;

import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType;

import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;

import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;

import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpRequestHandler;

import com.entity.User;

import com.service.UserService;

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class HttpUserHandler implements HttpRequestHandler {

       public void handle(HttpRequest request, HttpResponse response, HttpContext context)

                     throws HttpException, IOException {

              String method = request.getRequestLine().getMethod().toUpperCase(Locale.ENGLISH);

              if (!method.equals("GET") && !method.equals("HEAD") && !method.equals("POST")) {

                     throw new MethodNotSupportedException(method + "方法不被支持");

              }

              String target = request.getRequestLine().getUri();

              System.out.println("前端发来的请求:" + target);

              UserService userService=new UserService();

              if (target.equals("/user")&&method.equals("GET")) {

                     List<User> users = userService.getAllUser();

                     JSONArray json = JSONArray.fromObject(users);

                     StringEntity entity = new StringEntity(json.toString(), ContentType.create("application/json", "UTF-8"));

                    

                     response.setEntity(entity);

              }else if(target.equals("/user/1")&&method.equals("GET")){

                     User user = userService.getUserById(1);

                     JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject(user);

                     StringEntity entity = new StringEntity(json.toString(), ContentType.create("application/json", "UTF-8"));

                     response.setEntity(entity);

              }

              else {

                     response.setEntity(new StringEntity("没有这个服务", ContentType.create("text/html", "UTF-8")));

              }

             

       }

}

  1. HttpAdminHandler注册类

package com.handle;

 /****import****/

public class HttpAdminHandler implements HttpRequestHandler {

       public void handle(HttpRequest request, HttpResponse response, HttpContext context)

                     throws HttpException, IOException {

        System.out.println("admin:"+request.getRequestLine().getUri());

               StringEntity entity = new StringEntity("管理员模块", ContentType.create("application/json", "UTF-8"));

               response.setEntity(entity);

       }

}

  运行Application.java类,浏览器输入localhost:8080/user,则输出所有用户信息。上述代码其他模块还未实现,可以作为练习而完成。

  1. httpclient实例
  1. 新建一个客户端项目,引入相关jar包:

<dependency>

                     <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>

                     <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>

                     <version>4.5.3</version>

</dependency>

  1. 新建HttpClientGetDemo.java类,由于官网没有权限进入示例代码,所以参考网络资源后,编写如下代码

package com.request.demo;

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;

import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;

import org.apache.http.client.ResponseHandler;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;

import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;

import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;

import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

 

/**

 * 参考: https://www.cnblogs.com/yoci/p/10232171.html

 */

public class HttpClientGetDemo {

       /**

        * httpClient Get请求

        */

       public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

              try (CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.createDefault()) {

                     // 第一步 配置 get 请求 url

                     HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("http://localhost:8080/user");

 

                     // 第二步 创建一个自定义的 response handler

                     ResponseHandler<String> responseHandler = new ResponseHandler<String>() {

                            @Override

                            public String handleResponse(HttpResponse response) throws IOException {

                                   int status = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();

                                   System.out.println("status:" + status);

                                   if (status >= 200 && status < 300) {

                                          HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

                                          return entity != null ? EntityUtils.toString(entity) : null;

                                   } else {

                                          throw new ClientProtocolException("Unexpected response status: " + status);

                                   }

                            }

                     };

 

                     // 第三步 执行请求

                     String responseBody = httpclient.execute(httpget, responseHandler);

                     System.out.println(responseBody);

              }

       }

}

启动服务端,然后运行客户端,输出所有用户信息。这里有一点,服务端会出现客户断已断开的错误,暂时还没有得到解决。该示例同样很多业务是没有实现的,可以作为练习添加其他模块。

本文相关资源(文档和代码同本文一致,无需下载):https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_25337221/12445221

  • 参考链接:

1. apache httpcore:

http://hc.apache.org/httpcomponents-core-4.4.x/examples.html

2. httpclient实例: https://www.cnblogs.com/yoci/p/10232171.html

本内容由安康学院“雨季”原创。

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