Protocol Buffer 使用

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Protocol Buffer 使用

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概述

Protocol Buffers 是一种轻便高效的结构化数据存储格式,可以用于结构化数据串行化,或者说序列化。它很适合做数据存储或 RPC 数据交换格式。可用于通讯协议、数据存储等领域的语言无关、平台无关、可扩展的序列化结构数据格式。目前提供了 C++、Java、Python 三种语言的 API。

下面通过实验比较两者序列化后的字节数

protobuff:

[8, 101, 16, 20, 26, 5, 112, 101, 116, 101, 114, 32, -23, 7]

java:

[-84, -19, 0, 5, 115, 114, 0, 15, 99, 111, 109, 46, 106, 97, 118, 97, 46, 80, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, -73, 43, 28, 39, -119, -86, -125, -3, 2, 0, 4, 73, 0, 3, 97, 103, 101, 74, 0, 8, 112, 108, 97, 121, 101, 114, 73, 100, 76, 0, 4, 110, 97, 109, 101, 116, 0, 18, 76, 106, 97, 118, 97, 47, 108, 97, 110, 103, 47, 83, 116, 114, 105, 110, 103, 59, 76, 0, 6, 115, 107, 105, 108, 108, 115, 116, 0, 16, 76, 106, 97, 118, 97, 47, 117, 116, 105, 108, 47, 76, 105, 115, 116, 59, 120, 112, 0, 0, 0, 20, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 101, 116, 0, 5, 112, 101, 116, 101, 114, 115, 114, 0, 19, 106, 97, 118, 97, 46, 117, 116, 105, 108, 46, 65, 114, 114, 97, 121, 76, 105, 115, 116, 120, -127, -46, 29, -103, -57, 97, -99, 3, 0, 1, 73, 0, 4, 115, 105, 122, 101, 120, 112, 0, 0, 0, 1, 119, 4, 0, 0, 0, 1, 115, 114, 0, 17, 106, 97, 118, 97, 46, 108, 97, 110, 103, 46, 73, 110, 116, 101, 103, 101, 114, 18, -30, -96, -92, -9, -127, -121, 56, 2, 0, 1, 73, 0, 5, 118, 97, 108, 117, 101, 120, 114, 0, 16, 106, 97, 118, 97, 46, 108, 97, 110, 103, 46, 78, 117, 109, 98, 101, 114, -122, -84, -107, 29, 11, -108, -32, -117, 2, 0, 0, 120, 112, 0, 0, 3, -23, 120]

例子

编写proto 配置

player.proto

option java_package = "com.proto";
option java_outer_classname = "PlayerModule";

message PBPlayer {
    required int64 playerId = 1;

    required int32 age = 2;

    required string name = 3;

    repeated int32 skills = 4;
}

message PBResource {
    required int64 gold = 1;

    required int32 energy = 2;

}

build.bat 使用protoc.exe 生成java代码

protoc ./proto/*.proto --java_out=./src

pause

生成的java代码如下

// Generated by the protocol buffer compiler.  DO NOT EDIT!
// source: proto/player.proto

package com.proto;

public final class PlayerModule {
  private PlayerModule() {}
  public static void registerAllExtensions(
      com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistry registry) {
  }
  public interface PBPlayerOrBuilder
      extends com.google.protobuf.MessageOrBuilder {

    // required int64 playerId = 1;
    boolean hasPlayerId();
    long getPlayerId();

    // required int32 age = 2;
    boolean hasAge();
    int getAge();

    // required string name = 3;
    boolean hasName();
    String getName();

    // repeated int32 skills = 4;
    java.util.List<java.lang.Integer> getSkillsList();
    int getSkillsCount();
    int getSkills(int index);
  }
  public static final class PBPlayer extends
      com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage
      implements PBPlayerOrBuilder {
    // Use PBPlayer.newBuilder() to construct.
    private PBPlayer(Builder builder) {
      super(builder);
    }
    private PBPlayer(boolean noInit) {}

    private static final PBPlayer defaultInstance;
    public static PBPlayer getDefaultInstance() {
      return defaultInstance;
    }

    public PBPlayer getDefaultInstanceForType() {
      return defaultInstance;
    }

    public static final com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor
        getDescriptor() {
      return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBPlayer_descriptor;
    }

    protected com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.FieldAccessorTable
        internalGetFieldAccessorTable() {
      return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBPlayer_fieldAccessorTable;
    }

    private int bitField0_;
    // required int64 playerId = 1;
    public static final int PLAYERID_FIELD_NUMBER = 1;
    private long playerId_;
    public boolean hasPlayerId() {
      return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001);
    }
    public long getPlayerId() {
      return playerId_;
    }

    // required int32 age = 2;
    public static final int AGE_FIELD_NUMBER = 2;
    private int age_;
    public boolean hasAge() {
      return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002);
    }
    public int getAge() {
      return age_;
    }

    // required string name = 3;
    public static final int NAME_FIELD_NUMBER = 3;
    private java.lang.Object name_;
    public boolean hasName() {
      return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000004) == 0x00000004);
    }
    public String getName() {
      java.lang.Object ref = name_;
      if (ref instanceof String) {
        return (String) ref;
      } else {
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString bs =
            (com.google.protobuf.ByteString) ref;
        String s = bs.toStringUtf8();
        if (com.google.protobuf.Internal.isValidUtf8(bs)) {
          name_ = s;
        }
        return s;
      }
    }
    private com.google.protobuf.ByteString getNameBytes() {
      java.lang.Object ref = name_;
      if (ref instanceof String) {
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString b =
            com.google.protobuf.ByteString.copyFromUtf8((String) ref);
        name_ = b;
        return b;
      } else {
        return (com.google.protobuf.ByteString) ref;
      }
    }

    // repeated int32 skills = 4;
    public static final int SKILLS_FIELD_NUMBER = 4;
    private java.util.List<java.lang.Integer> skills_;
    public java.util.List<java.lang.Integer>
        getSkillsList() {
      return skills_;
    }
    public int getSkillsCount() {
      return skills_.size();
    }
    public int getSkills(int index) {
      return skills_.get(index);
    }

    private void initFields() {
      playerId_ = 0L;
      age_ = 0;
      name_ = "";
      skills_ = java.util.Collections.emptyList();;
    }
    private byte memoizedIsInitialized = -1;
    public final boolean isInitialized() {
      byte isInitialized = memoizedIsInitialized;
      if (isInitialized != -1) return isInitialized == 1;

      if (!hasPlayerId()) {
        memoizedIsInitialized = 0;
        return false;
      }
      if (!hasAge()) {
        memoizedIsInitialized = 0;
        return false;
      }
      if (!hasName()) {
        memoizedIsInitialized = 0;
        return false;
      }
      memoizedIsInitialized = 1;
      return true;
    }

    public void writeTo(com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream output)
                        throws java.io.IOException {
      getSerializedSize();
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001)) {
        output.writeInt64(1, playerId_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002)) {
        output.writeInt32(2, age_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000004) == 0x00000004)) {
        output.writeBytes(3, getNameBytes());
      }
      for (int i = 0; i < skills_.size(); i++) {
        output.writeInt32(4, skills_.get(i));
      }
      getUnknownFields().writeTo(output);
    }

    private int memoizedSerializedSize = -1;
    public int getSerializedSize() {
      int size = memoizedSerializedSize;
      if (size != -1) return size;

      size = 0;
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001)) {
        size += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
          .computeInt64Size(1, playerId_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002)) {
        size += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
          .computeInt32Size(2, age_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000004) == 0x00000004)) {
        size += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
          .computeBytesSize(3, getNameBytes());
      }
      {
        int dataSize = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < skills_.size(); i++) {
          dataSize += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
            .computeInt32SizeNoTag(skills_.get(i));
        }
        size += dataSize;
        size += 1 * getSkillsList().size();
      }
      size += getUnknownFields().getSerializedSize();
      memoizedSerializedSize = size;
      return size;
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 0L;
    @java.lang.Override
    protected java.lang.Object writeReplace()
        throws java.io.ObjectStreamException {
      return super.writeReplace();
    }

    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString data)
        throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(data).buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString data,
        com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
        throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(data, extensionRegistry)
               .buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(byte[] data)
        throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(data).buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        byte[] data,
        com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
        throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(data, extensionRegistry)
               .buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(java.io.InputStream input)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(input).buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        java.io.InputStream input,
        com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(input, extensionRegistry)
               .buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseDelimitedFrom(java.io.InputStream input)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      Builder builder = newBuilder();
      if (builder.mergeDelimitedFrom(input)) {
        return builder.buildParsed();
      } else {
        return null;
      }
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseDelimitedFrom(
        java.io.InputStream input,
        com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      Builder builder = newBuilder();
      if (builder.mergeDelimitedFrom(input, extensionRegistry)) {
        return builder.buildParsed();
      } else {
        return null;
      }
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.CodedInputStream input)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(input).buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.CodedInputStream input,
        com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
        throws java.io.IOException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(input, extensionRegistry)
               .buildParsed();
    }

    public static Builder newBuilder() { return Builder.create(); }
    public Builder newBuilderForType() { return newBuilder(); }
    public static Builder newBuilder(com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer prototype) {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(prototype);
    }
    public Builder toBuilder() { return newBuilder(this); }

    @java.lang.Override
    protected Builder newBuilderForType(
        com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.BuilderParent parent) {
      Builder builder = new Builder(parent);
      return builder;
    }
    public static final class Builder extends
        com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.Builder<Builder>
       implements com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayerOrBuilder {
      public static final com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor
          getDescriptor() {
        return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBPlayer_descriptor;
      }

      protected com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.FieldAccessorTable
          internalGetFieldAccessorTable() {
        return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBPlayer_fieldAccessorTable;
      }

      // Construct using com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.newBuilder()
      private Builder() {
        maybeForceBuilderInitialization();
      }

      private Builder(BuilderParent parent) {
        super(parent);
        maybeForceBuilderInitialization();
      }
      private void maybeForceBuilderInitialization() {
        if (com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.alwaysUseFieldBuilders) {
        }
      }
      private static Builder create() {
        return new Builder();
      }

      public Builder clear() {
        super.clear();
        playerId_ = 0L;
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000001);
        age_ = 0;
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000002);
        name_ = "";
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000004);
        skills_ = java.util.Collections.emptyList();;
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000008);
        return this;
      }

      public Builder clone() {
        return create().mergeFrom(buildPartial());
      }

      public com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor
          getDescriptorForType() {
        return com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.getDescriptor();
      }

      public com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer getDefaultInstanceForType() {
        return com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.getDefaultInstance();
      }

      public com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer build() {
        com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer result = buildPartial();
        if (!result.isInitialized()) {
          throw newUninitializedMessageException(result);
        }
        return result;
      }

      private com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer buildParsed()
          throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
        com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer result = buildPartial();
        if (!result.isInitialized()) {
          throw newUninitializedMessageException(
            result).asInvalidProtocolBufferException();
        }
        return result;
      }

      public com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer buildPartial() {
        com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer result = new com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer(this);
        int from_bitField0_ = bitField0_;
        int to_bitField0_ = 0;
        if (((from_bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001)) {
          to_bitField0_ |= 0x00000001;
        }
        result.playerId_ = playerId_;
        if (((from_bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002)) {
          to_bitField0_ |= 0x00000002;
        }
        result.age_ = age_;
        if (((from_bitField0_ & 0x00000004) == 0x00000004)) {
          to_bitField0_ |= 0x00000004;
        }
        result.name_ = name_;
        if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000008) == 0x00000008)) {
          skills_ = java.util.Collections.unmodifiableList(skills_);
          bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000008);
        }
        result.skills_ = skills_;
        result.bitField0_ = to_bitField0_;
        onBuilt();
        return result;
      }

      public Builder mergeFrom(com.google.protobuf.Message other) {
        if (other instanceof com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer) {
          return mergeFrom((com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer)other);
        } else {
          super.mergeFrom(other);
          return this;
        }
      }

      public Builder mergeFrom(com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer other) {
        if (other == com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.getDefaultInstance()) return this;
        if (other.hasPlayerId()) {
          setPlayerId(other.getPlayerId());
        }
        if (other.hasAge()) {
          setAge(other.getAge());
        }
        if (other.hasName()) {
          setName(other.getName());
        }
        if (!other.skills_.isEmpty()) {
          if (skills_.isEmpty()) {
            skills_ = other.skills_;
            bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000008);
          } else {
            ensureSkillsIsMutable();
            skills_.addAll(other.skills_);
          }
          onChanged();
        }
        this.mergeUnknownFields(other.getUnknownFields());
        return this;
      }

      public final boolean isInitialized() {
        if (!hasPlayerId()) {

          return false;
        }
        if (!hasAge()) {

          return false;
        }
        if (!hasName()) {

          return false;
        }
        return true;
      }

      public Builder mergeFrom(
          com.google.protobuf.CodedInputStream input,
          com.google.protobuf.ExtensionRegistryLite extensionRegistry)
          throws java.io.IOException {
        com.google.protobuf.UnknownFieldSet.Builder unknownFields =
          com.google.protobuf.UnknownFieldSet.newBuilder(
            this.getUnknownFields());
        while (true) {
          int tag = input.readTag();
          switch (tag) {
            case 0:
              this.setUnknownFields(unknownFields.build());
              onChanged();
              return this;
            default: {
              if (!parseUnknownField(input, unknownFields,
                                     extensionRegistry, tag)) {
                this.setUnknownFields(unknownFields.build());
                onChanged();
                return this;
              }
              break;
            }
            case 8: {
              bitField0_ |= 0x00000001;
              playerId_ = input.readInt64();
              break;
            }
            case 16: {
              bitField0_ |= 0x00000002;
              age_ = input.readInt32();
              break;
            }
            case 26: {
              bitField0_ |= 0x00000004;
              name_ = input.readBytes();
              break;
            }
            case 32: {
              ensureSkillsIsMutable();
              skills_.add(input.readInt32());
              break;
            }
            case 34: {
              int length = input.readRawVarint32();
              int limit = input.pushLimit(length);
              while (input.getBytesUntilLimit() > 0) {
                addSkills(input.readInt32());
              }
              input.popLimit(limit);
              break;
            }
          }
        }
      }

      private int bitField0_;

      // required int64 playerId = 1;
      private long playerId_ ;
      public boolean hasPlayerId() {
        return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001);
      }
      public long getPlayerId() {
        return playerId_;
      }
      public Builder setPlayerId(long value) {
        bitField0_ |= 0x00000001;
        playerId_ = value;
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder clearPlayerId() {
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000001);
        playerId_ = 0L;
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }

      // required int32 age = 2;
      private int age_ ;
      public boolean hasAge() {
        return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002);
      }
      public int getAge() {
        return age_;
      }
      public Builder setAge(int value) {
        bitField0_ |= 0x00000002;
        age_ = value;
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder clearAge() {
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000002);
        age_ = 0;
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }

      // required string name = 3;
      private java.lang.Object name_ = "";
      public boolean hasName() {
        return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000004) == 0x00000004);
      }
      public String getName() {
        java.lang.Object ref = name_;
        if (!(ref instanceof String)) {
          String s = ((com.google.protobuf.ByteString) ref).toStringUtf8();
          name_ = s;
          return s;
        } else {
          return (String) ref;
        }
      }
      public Builder setName(String value) {
        if (value == null) {
    throw new NullPointerException();
  }
  bitField0_ |= 0x00000004;
        name_ = value;
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder clearName() {
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000004);
        name_ = getDefaultInstance().getName();
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      void setName(com.google.protobuf.ByteString value) {
        bitField0_ |= 0x00000004;
        name_ = value;
        onChanged();
      }

      // repeated int32 skills = 4;
      private java.util.List<java.lang.Integer> skills_ = java.util.Collections.emptyList();;
      private void ensureSkillsIsMutable() {
        if (!((bitField0_ & 0x00000008) == 0x00000008)) {
          skills_ = new java.util.ArrayList<java.lang.Integer>(skills_);
          bitField0_ |= 0x00000008;
         }
      }
      public java.util.List<java.lang.Integer>
          getSkillsList() {
        return java.util.Collections.unmodifiableList(skills_);
      }
      public int getSkillsCount() {
        return skills_.size();
      }
      public int getSkills(int index) {
        return skills_.get(index);
      }
      public Builder setSkills(
          int index, int value) {
        ensureSkillsIsMutable();
        skills_.set(index, value);
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder addSkills(int value) {
        ensureSkillsIsMutable();
        skills_.add(value);
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder addAllSkills(
          java.lang.Iterable<? extends java.lang.Integer> values) {
        ensureSkillsIsMutable();
        super.addAll(values, skills_);
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }
      public Builder clearSkills() {
        skills_ = java.util.Collections.emptyList();;
        bitField0_ = (bitField0_ & ~0x00000008);
        onChanged();
        return this;
      }

      // @@protoc_insertion_point(builder_scope:PBPlayer)
    }

    static {
      defaultInstance = new PBPlayer(true);
      defaultInstance.initFields();
    }

    // @@protoc_insertion_point(class_scope:PBPlayer)
  }

  public interface PBResourceOrBuilder
      extends com.google.protobuf.MessageOrBuilder {

    // required int64 gold = 1;
    boolean hasGold();
    long getGold();

    // required int32 energy = 2;
    boolean hasEnergy();
    int getEnergy();
  }
  public static final class PBResource extends
      com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage
      implements PBResourceOrBuilder {
    // Use PBResource.newBuilder() to construct.
    private PBResource(Builder builder) {
      super(builder);
    }
    private PBResource(boolean noInit) {}

    private static final PBResource defaultInstance;
    public static PBResource getDefaultInstance() {
      return defaultInstance;
    }

    public PBResource getDefaultInstanceForType() {
      return defaultInstance;
    }

    public static final com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor
        getDescriptor() {
      return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBResource_descriptor;
    }

    protected com.google.protobuf.GeneratedMessage.FieldAccessorTable
        internalGetFieldAccessorTable() {
      return com.proto.PlayerModule.internal_static_PBResource_fieldAccessorTable;
    }

    private int bitField0_;
    // required int64 gold = 1;
    public static final int GOLD_FIELD_NUMBER = 1;
    private long gold_;
    public boolean hasGold() {
      return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001);
    }
    public long getGold() {
      return gold_;
    }

    // required int32 energy = 2;
    public static final int ENERGY_FIELD_NUMBER = 2;
    private int energy_;
    public boolean hasEnergy() {
      return ((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002);
    }
    public int getEnergy() {
      return energy_;
    }

    private void initFields() {
      gold_ = 0L;
      energy_ = 0;
    }
    private byte memoizedIsInitialized = -1;
    public final boolean isInitialized() {
      byte isInitialized = memoizedIsInitialized;
      if (isInitialized != -1) return isInitialized == 1;

      if (!hasGold()) {
        memoizedIsInitialized = 0;
        return false;
      }
      if (!hasEnergy()) {
        memoizedIsInitialized = 0;
        return false;
      }
      memoizedIsInitialized = 1;
      return true;
    }

    public void writeTo(com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream output)
                        throws java.io.IOException {
      getSerializedSize();
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001)) {
        output.writeInt64(1, gold_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002)) {
        output.writeInt32(2, energy_);
      }
      getUnknownFields().writeTo(output);
    }

    private int memoizedSerializedSize = -1;
    public int getSerializedSize() {
      int size = memoizedSerializedSize;
      if (size != -1) return size;

      size = 0;
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000001) == 0x00000001)) {
        size += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
          .computeInt64Size(1, gold_);
      }
      if (((bitField0_ & 0x00000002) == 0x00000002)) {
        size += com.google.protobuf.CodedOutputStream
          .computeInt32Size(2, energy_);
      }
      size += getUnknownFields().getSerializedSize();
      memoizedSerializedSize = size;
      return size;
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 0L;
    @java.lang.Override
    protected java.lang.Object writeReplace()
        throws java.io.ObjectStreamException {
      return super.writeReplace();
    }

    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBResource parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString data)
        throws com.google.protobuf.InvalidProtocolBufferException {
      return newBuilder().mergeFrom(data).buildParsed();
    }
    public static com.proto.PlayerModule.PBResource parseFrom(
        com.google.protobuf.ByteString data,
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    public static final class Builder extends
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  private static com.google.protobuf.Descriptors.Descriptor
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  private static
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  static {
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      "erId\030\001 \002(\003\022\013\n\003age\030\002 \002(\005\022\014\n\004name\030\003 \002(\t\022\016\n" +
      "\006skills\030\004 \003(\005\"*\n\nPBResource\022\014\n\004gold\030\001 \002(" +
      "\003\022\016\n\006energy\030\002 \002(\005B\031\n\tcom.protoB\014PlayerMo" +
      "dule"
    };
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              new java.lang.String[] { "PlayerId", "Age", "Name", "Skills", },
              com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.class,
              com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.Builder.class);
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            getDescriptor().getMessageTypes().get(1);
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}

使用protocol 序列化 和反序列化

package com.proto;

import java.util.Arrays;
import com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer;
import com.proto.PlayerModule.PBPlayer.Builder;
/**
 * protobuf学习
 *
 *
 */
public class PB2Bytes {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		byte[] bytes = toBytes();
		toPlayer(bytes);

	}

	/**
	 * 序列化
	 */
	public static byte[] toBytes(){
		//获取一个PBPlayer的构造器
		Builder builder = PlayerModule.PBPlayer.newBuilder();
		//设置数据
		builder.setPlayerId(101).setAge(20).setName("peter").addSkills(1001);
		//构造出对象
		PBPlayer player = builder.build();
		//序列化成字节数组
		byte[] byteArray = player.toByteArray();

		System.out.println(Arrays.toString(byteArray));

		return byteArray;
	}

	/**
	 * 反序列化
	 * @param bs
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static void toPlayer(byte[] bs) throws Exception{

		 PBPlayer player = PlayerModule.PBPlayer.parseFrom(bs);

		 System.out.println("playerId:" + player.getPlayerId());
		 System.out.println("age:" + player.getAge());
		 System.out.println("name:" + player.getName());
		 System.out.println("skills:" + (Arrays.toString(player.getSkillsList().toArray())));
	}
}

序列号后的对象大小

[8, 101, 16, 20, 26, 5, 112, 101, 116, 101, 114, 32, -23, 7]

java 实现虚拟化与反序列化

package com.java;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 玩家对象
 *
 *
 */
public class Player implements Serializable{

	/**
	 *
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = -5248069984631225347L;

	public Player(long playerId,  int age, String name) {
		this.playerId = playerId;
		this.age = age;
		this.name = name;
	}

	private long playerId;

	private int age;

	private String name;

	private List<Integer> skills = new ArrayList<>();

	public long getPlayerId() {
		return playerId;
	}

	public void setPlayerId(long playerId) {
		this.playerId = playerId;
	}

	public int getAge() {
		return age;
	}

	public void setAge(int age) {
		this.age = age;
	}

	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}

	public List<Integer> getSkills() {
		return skills;
	}

	public void setSkills(List<Integer> skills) {
		this.skills = skills;
	}
}
package com.java;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.util.Arrays;

public class JAVA2Bytes {

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		byte[] bytes = toBytes();
		toPlayer(bytes);
	}


	/**
	 * 序列化
	 * @throws IOException
	 */
	public static byte[] toBytes() throws IOException{

		Player player = new Player(101, 20, "peter");
		player.getSkills().add(1001);

		ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
		ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);

		//写入对象
		objectOutputStream.writeObject(player);

		//获取 字节数组
		byte[] byteArray = byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
		System.out.println(Arrays.toString(byteArray));
		return byteArray;
	}


	/**
	 * 反序列化
	 * @param bs
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public static void toPlayer(byte[] bs) throws Exception{

		ObjectInputStream inputStream = new ObjectInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(bs));
		Player player = (Player)inputStream.readObject();

		//打印
		 System.out.println("playerId:" + player.getPlayerId());
		 System.out.println("age:" + player.getAge());
		 System.out.println("name:" + player.getName());
		 System.out.println("skills:" + (Arrays.toString(player.getSkills().toArray())));
	}

}
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